Scholars at Risk monitors reports of threats to academic freedom and higher education communities worldwide, including media articles, blogs, opinion pieces and other announcements. Scholars at Risk identifies situations of concern on its own and welcomes reports submitted by faculty, students and volunteers at participating higher education institutions. Subscribe to SAR’s weekly media review.
The below articles have been featured in this year’s media reviews.
HONG KONG: Police start ‘national security’ probe of campus protest
Mimi Leung and Yojana Sharma, University World News, 11/19
Chinese University of Hong Kong – scene of violent battles between student protesters and police a year ago this month – called the police to campus on Thursday over what it called an “unauthorised demonstration and procession” by graduating students. Read more.
GLOBAL: Pandemic used as ‘cover to punish free inquiry’
Pola Lem, Research, 11/19
The global network Scholars at Risk has said attacks on higher education have continued “unabated” during the global pandemic. Read more.
EGYPT: Rights group director latest in chain of Egypt arrests
AP / The San Francisco Chronicle, 11/19
An Egyptian rights group said Thursday that its director has been arrested days after two of its other employees were taken into custody. The arrests of the rights workers comes after they met with envoys from Germany, France, Italy, Spain, the Netherlands and other countries this month. In the meeting they discussed ways to improve Egypt’s human rights record, according to the group. Read more.
GLOBAL: Covid ‘reveals new vulnerabilities’ in academic freedom
Joyce Lau, Times Higher Education, 11/18
Covid’s global onset early this year caused a dramatic change in the “patterns of attacks” on academic freedom, according to a report. “The crisis revealed new vulnerabilities within higher education”, such as an increase in online disruptions, says the annual Free to Think report published by Scholars at Risk (SAR). Read more.
GLOBAL: Free to Think 2020: Attacks on higher education continue unabated in the COVID-19 era
Scholars at Risk, 11/18
Scholars at Risk (SAR) calls on the international community to take action to protect academic freedom in Free to Think 2020, a report released today. The report analyzes 341 attacks on higher education communities in 58 countries between September 1, 2019 and August 31, 2020. Read more.
BELARUS: Call to action in support of scholars and students in Belarus
Scholars at Risk, 11/16
Scholars at Risk is deeply concerned about the harassment, intimidation, detention, fines, arrest, and expulsion of students and scholars in Belarus, in apparent retaliation for the nonviolent exercise of the right to freedom of expression and freedom of assembly, following peaceful protests in the aftermath of the country’s recent presidential elections. Read more.
BRAZIL: Rise in threats to university autonomy, academic freedom
Marcelo Knobel and Fernanda Leal, University World News, 11/14
This piece discusses “a chronology of tragedies”, a summary of events that have taken place in Brazilian higher education since September 2019. These events reveal the ways federal policies have continued to threaten university autonomy, even when the public higher education sector has proven to be fundamental to fighting the current COVID-19 pandemic. Read more.
UK: Academics back refusing funding over human rights concerns
Ellie Bothwell, Times Higher Education, 11/13
The majority of UK social scientists believe that academic freedom is under threat and are in favour of universities refusing funding from foreign organisations with a poor human rights record, according to a study. Read more.
SAUDI ARABIA: 20 Saudi Voices the Regime Has Attempted to Silence
PEN America, 11/11
This year’s G20 summit is hosted by Saudi Arabia, which has waged a vast campaign to gloss over its egregious human rights violations and attempts to silence and imprison writers, activists, and other dissidents who have spoken out against the government’s abuses. Read more.
CHINA: Jailed Uyghur Scholar Rahile Dawut to Receive ‘Courage to Think’ Award
Nuriman Abdureshit, Alim Seytoff, and Richard Finney, Radio Free Asia, 11/11
Jailed Uyghur scholar Rahile Dawut, who disappeared three years ago into Chinese custody and is believed held in an internment camp, will be honored on Thursday by New York-based rights group Scholars at Risk (SAR) with their Courage to Think Award 2020. Read more.
AFGHANISTAN: Kabul University reopens after carnage from IS attack
Shadi Khan Saif, University World News, 11/10
With beefed up campus security, students at Afghanistan’s Kabul University (KU) in the country’s capital have resumed classes after a major terrorist attack on 2 November that killed at least 22 – most of them students – and injured dozens more, according to official figures. Read more.
POLAND: Court of Appeal dismisses SLAPP lawsuit against Professor Wojciech Sadurski
Article 19, 11/10
ARTICLE 19 welcomes the verdict of the Court of Appeal in Warsaw on 6 November 2020 to dismiss the SLAPP (strategic lawsuit against public participation) lawsuit against Professor Wojciech Sadurski brought by the ruling party Law and Justice (PiS). Read more.
AUSTRALIA / HONG KONG: National security law: Australian universities move to protect Hong Kong students
John Power, South China Morning Post, 11/10
Teaching staff from at least five major universities in Australia are taking precautions to protect students from Hong Kong’s extraterritorial national security law, with one institution scrutinising courses where it fears Hong Kong students could be reported to authorities by their mainland Chinese classmates. Read more.
EGYPT: Mustafa Ali Hassanien, Student at the College of Staten Island, City University of New York, Arrested in Egypt
Committee of Concerned Scientists, 11/9
The Committee of Concerned Scientists expressed concern for Mustafa Ali Hassanien, a young filmmaker and Cinema Studies student at the College of Staten Island, City University of New York. He was arrested on May 14, 2020, and remains in pre-trial detention at Tora Prison, facing accusations such as “spreading false news,” “disturbing public security,” and “belonging to a terrorist organization” which appear to be based on his expression of opinions about the government. Read more.
EUROPE: Legislation on academic freedom set to be strengthened
Jan Petter Myklebust, University World News, 11/7
Leaders of universities and academic organisations in Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland are pushing for either introducing or reintroducing academic freedom into academic legislation amid rising concern that academic freedom is being eroded around the world. Read more.
HONG KONG: As Hong Kong Law Goes After ‘Black Sheep,’ Fear Clouds Universities
Vivian Wang, The New York Times, 11/7
As China tries to quell the political upheaval in Hong Kong, the city’s universities — ranked among the best in Asia, if not the world — have become potent symbols of the shrinking space for dissent or even discussion. Read more.
EUROPE / CHINA: Europe sets out what are ‘safe’ research links with China
Yojana Sharma, University World News, 11/7
European governments and institutions are becoming more aware of challenges and pressures on continuing extensive research collaboration with China, with several countries and the European Union drawing up new guidelines to step up knowledge security and academic integrity, and for protection of academic freedom. Read more.
IRAN: Iran temporarily frees human rights lawyer Nasrin Sotoudeh
Reuters in Dubai, The Guardian, 11/7
Iran has temporarily released Nasrin Sotoudeh, a prominent lawyer who was jailed two years ago on spying and propaganda charges, the judiciary’s news agency reported. Read more.
JAPAN: Academic societies in Japan issue joint statement
More than 220 Japanese academic societies of liberal arts have jointly demanded that the government explain why it refused to appoint six nominees for membership in the country’s top academic body. Read more.
THAILAND: Group of Thammasat Uni students demand the Rector’s resignation
Thai PBS World, 11/6
A group of alumni and current students of the Faculty of Sociology and Humanities of Thailand’s Thammasat University has demanded the resignation of the university’s Rector, for allegedly failing to protect students against, what they claim is, police harassment. Read more.
EGYPT: Letter regarding PhD student Walid Salem and denial of his right to travel
Committee on Academic Freedom of the Middle East Studies Association, 11/4
The Committee on Academic Freedom of the Middle East Studies Association expresses dismay at the ongoing constraints to which Walid Khalil el-Sayed Salem, a Ph.D. candidate in the department of Political Science at the University of Washington, has been subjected. Despite the cancellation last March of “probationary measures” imposed on him following his release from pre-trial detention in December 2018, Mr. Salem continues to be prevented from leaving Egypt. Read more.
THAILAND: Graduation attended by king raises student data fears
Prangtip Daorueng, University World News, 11/3
When it was reported that Thailand’s King Maha Vajiralongkorn would hand out graduation certificates to graduating students at Thammasat University on 30-31 October, the strict security screening process and the level of cooperation between university administration and security officers prompted questions on the university’s standards in protecting the rights and data of its students. Read more.
AFGHANISTAN: Country mourns victims of Kabul University carnage
Shadi Khan Saif, University World News, 11/3
Afghanistan’s President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani has ordered the national flag at public offices all over the country and diplomatic missions abroad to be hoisted at half-mast as the country mourns the victims of a brazen attack on Kabul University on Monday, leaving 19 students and teachers dead and over 22 others wounded. Read more.
BELARUS: Statement of the European University Association (EUA) and the European Students’ Union (ESU)
EUA & ESU, 11/2
The European University Association (EUA) and the European Students’ Union (ESU) are concerned by the grave violations of democratic and human rights that continue to be witnessed in Belarus. The two organisations strongly condemn recent threats of expulsion, dismissal or conscription into the military directed against students and staff of Belarusian universities. Read more.
UNITED STATES: When Academic Freedom Depends on the Internet, Tech Infrastructure Companies Must Find the Courage to Remain Neutral
Corynne McSherry, Electronic Frontier Foundation, 11/2
And universities must stand up for the rights of their faculty and students. Read more.
NEW ZEALAND / CHINA: China influence case tests academic freedom in New Zealand
Joyce Lau & John Ross, Times Higher Education, 11/2
Global academics have rallied around Anne-Marie Brady, a professor at the University of Canterbury who has been under review by her institution since August and has been told not to speak publicly on her case, according to her lawyer. Read more.
AUSTRALIA / IRAN: Government looking into reports Australian academic has been moved from Iranian prison
Anthony Galloway, The Sydney Morning Herald, 10/26
Australian officials are looking into reports a Melbourne university lecturer jailed in Iran has been moved to a secret location, with Iranian officials yet to tell their Australian counterparts. Cambridge-educated Kylie Moore-Gilbert has been held in prison for more than two years after being detained in September 2018. Read more.
MOROCCO: Letter regarding ongoing harassment of Moroccan scholar, Dr. Maati Monjib
Committee on Academic Freedom of the Middle East Studies Association, 11/2
The Committee on Academic Freedom (CAF) of the Middle East Studies Association vehemently protests the ongoing and relentless harassment by the Moroccan authorities of Dr. Maati Monjib, professor of History at Mohamed V University (Rabat), founder and former director of the Ibn Rochd Center for Study and Communication, elected president of Freedom Now, an association that advocates for freedom of expression and the press in Morocco, and member and co-founder of the Moroccan Association for Investigative Journalism (MAIJ). Read more.
THAILAND: End crackdown on peaceful student protesters
Scholars at Risk, 11/2
Scholars at Risk issued a letter to Thai state authorities and international stakeholders in response to distressing reports of authorities using violent force, arrests, and other coercive legal actions against students and other civilians who have participated in peaceful protests and scholars whose publications displease the government. Read more.
BELARUS: Wave of expulsions as Belarusian universities punish protesters
David Matthews, Times Higher Education, 10/31
Belarusian universities are targeting protesting students with a wave of expulsions after the country’s president called on them to crack down on dissent. Read more.
GHANA: Parliament suspends passage of Public Universities Bill
Kojo Emmanuel, Pulse / University World News, 10/31
Ghana’s parliament has suspended the consideration of the passage of the Public Universities Bill in the face of opposition, especially from members of the university community, who described it as “dangerous and unnecessary.” Read more.
BELARUS: Islands of democracy
Ben Upton, Research Professional News, 10/29
Universities in Belarus are nurturing a democratic awakening, but authoritarian interference makes helping them hard. Read more.
AUSTRALIA / IRAN: Iran moves detained academic Kylie Moore-Gilbert back to Tehran prison
Saba Vasefi, Michael Safi, Ben Doherty, and Akhtar Mohammad Makoii, The Guardian, 10/29
The detained British-Australian academic Kylie Moore-Gilbert has been moved back to Tehran’s Evin prison, sources with knowledge of her case have confirmed to the Guardian. Read more.
HONG KONG: Charges against student activist Tony Chung ‘expose Government’s disdain for freedom of expression’
Amnesty International, 10/29
Tony Chung, a former leader of student-led group Studentlocalism, was today charged under the Hong Kong national security law with secession, money laundering and conspiracy to publish seditious material. Read more.
AUSTRALIA: Australian government moves to legislate on academic freedom
John Ross, Times Higher Education, 10/28
Australia’s government has taken another step to enforce academic freedom in the nation’s universities, introducing legislation that defines the concept and requires institutions to embrace the new definition in their policy frameworks. Read more.
HUNGARY: MEPs hear clash over occupied Hungarian drama school
Eszter Zalan, EU Observer, 10/28
Representatives from Hungary’s top theatre and film school laid bare their conflict with Viktor Orban’s government over academic freedoms in the European parliament’s culture and education committee on Tuesday (27 October). Read more.
TURKEY / CANADA: Turkish academic in Canada caught up in Ankara’s anti-Kurdish sweep
Amberin Zaman, Al-Monitor, 10/28
Cihan Erdal, a Ph.D. candidate at Carleton University and permanent resident in Canada, has been held since late September on alleged terror links. Read more.
UNITED STATES: Human Rights Groups Call On The University Of Miami To Ban Facial Recognition
Rachel Sandler, Forbes, 10/27
More than 20 human rights organizations have called on the University of Miami to ban facial recognition, after students accused the school of using the technology to identify student protesters, which the university has denied. Read more.
TURKEY: Letter regarding Kurdish language rights and education in Turkey
Middle East Studies Association, 10/26
The Middle East Studies Association of North America and its Committee on Academic Freedom write to authorities in Turkey to express grave concern about the government’s policies on Kurdish language rights. Read more.
AUSTRALIA / IRAN: Government looking into reports Australian academic has been moved from Iranian prison
Anthony Galloway, The Sydney Morning Herald, 10/26
Australian officials are looking into reports a Melbourne university lecturer jailed in Iran has been moved to a secret location, with Iranian officials yet to tell their Australian counterparts. Cambridge-educated Kylie Moore-Gilbert has been held in prison for more than two years after being detained in September 2018. Read more.
AFGHANISTAN: Deadly Explosion Hits Kabul Tutoring Center
Mujib Mashal and Najim Rahim, The New York Times, 10/24
A deadly explosion struck a tutoring center in Kabul on Saturday, puncturing a relatively peaceful period in the Afghan capital even as violence has spiraled upward in the countryside. Read more.
EUROPE: European ministers adopt declaration on research freedom
Brendan O’Malley, University World News, 10/23
Ministers from the European Research Area have adopted a declaration asserting the “relevance of the freedom of scientific research for the progress of our societies”. Read more.
THAILAND: Crackdown on protesting students fuels public anger
Prangtip Daorueng, University World News, 10/23
Thailand’s political turmoil, which began with protests by young people and students in February and continued during the past weeks, escalated this month with daily demonstrations in the capital Bangkok and throughout the country against the government, amid calls by university students to hold Thailand’s monarchy to account, a taboo subject in the past. Read more.
RUSSIA: Authorities Targeting Free Speech at a University
Human Rights Watch, 10/23
Prosecutors have ordered a university in Moscow to submit detailed information on students and faculty who participated in mass protests and had contacts with foreign groups, Human Rights Watch said today. The order is part of an inspection of the university by a local prosecutor’s office. Read more.
CHINA: Chinese Scholars Call For Release of Former Tsinghua Professor Geng Xiaonan
Jane Tang, Ng Yik-tung, Sing Man & Luisetta Mudie, Radio Free Asia, 10/23
Former Tsinghua University professor Xu Zhangrun has called for the release of Geng Xiaonan, a former colleague detained after she spoke out in support of him, and who now faces trial on charges of alleged “illegal business operations.” Read more.
IRAN: Two Honor Students, Violently Arrested, Still Detained Without Charge Six Months Later
Center for Human Rights in Iran, 10/22
Two honor students at the Sharif University of Technology in Tehran, who were both violently arrested by the security forces on April 10, 2020, have been in detention ever since without any announced charges—and are reportedly under intense pressure to provide forced “confessions,” the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) has learned. Read more.
EUROPE: Scientists welcome German push on academic freedom
Florin Zubașcu, Science Business, 10/22
The Bonn Declaration on Freedom of Scientific Research commits governments to an EU system for monitoring academic freedom. Along with safeguarding research from political intervention, the move aims to increase public trust in science. Read more.
POLAND: Polish academics protest ‘fundamentalist’ education minister
Vanessa Gera, The Washington Post / AP, 10/21
Activists dressed as security guards climbed onto a balcony of a Polish Education Ministry building early Wednesday and hung a banner protesting the appointment of a new minister whom they consider to be a religious fundamentalist and a danger to the nation’s youth and universities. Read more.
THAILAND: Thai authorities seek to censor coverage of student protests
Associated Press, Grant Peck and Chris Blake, 10/19
Thai authorities worked Monday to stem a growing tide of protests calling for the prime minister to resign by threatening to censor news coverage, raiding a publishing house and attempting to block the Telegram messaging app used by demonstrators. Read more.
CHINA: China Threatens to Detain Americans if U.S. Prosecutes Chinese Scholars
Edward Wong, The New York Times, 10/18
Chinese officials have told the Trump administration that security officers in China might detain American citizens if the Justice Department proceeds with prosecutions of arrested scholars who are members of the Chinese military, American officials said. Read more.
INDIA: Saibaba plans fast; at Covid risk, says wife
Soumitra Bose, Times of India, 10/17
Former Delhi University professor GN Saibaba’s wife, AS Vasantha Kumari, has written a letter stating that her husband’s plan to go on a hunger strike would put him at further risk of Covid-19. Read more.
JAPAN: Japanese scholars fear further assaults on academic freedom
Joyce Lau, Times Higher Education, 10/16
Yoshihide Suga’s rejection of appointees to the Science Council of Japan may be opening shot in ‘symbolic war’, says professor. Read more.
CHINA: Alarm over choice of new leader for Xinjiang University
Yojana Sharma, University World News, 10/15
A new non-Uyghur head of the top university in China’s troubled northwest Xinjiang province, home to China’s Uyghur Muslim Turkic minority, is seen as an erosion of autonomy for the region, greater central government control and a possible downgrading of Uyghur academics’ prospects. Read more.
UNITED KINGDOM: Protecting academic freedom in international partnerships
John Heathershaw and Eva Pils, University World News, 10/15
We live in an age of academic internationalisation, especially pronounced in the United Kingdom. This has in many ways been a good thing. But internationalisation has also produced new risks, especially in the context of engagement, exchange and collaboration with non-democratic countries. Read more.
GLOBAL: Are corporate overreach and political correctness really undermining academic freedom?
John Ross, Times Higher Education, 10/15
Neoliberal administrators’ policing of institutional reputations and academic colleagues’ condemnation of dissenting voices on issues such as race and gender have led to claims that scholars are losing their ability to engage in free enquiry and open debate. But is academic freedom really the operative concept in the controversies that arise? Read more.
CAMEROON: Mixed reaction to confirmation of life terms for academics
Tunde Fatunde, University World News, 10/15
There has been mixed reaction to last month’s decision by Cameroon’s Court of Appeal to confirm the life sentences handed down by a military tribunal to six Cameroonian lecturers convicted on charges of terrorism and secession. Read more.
HUNGARY: Hungary broke EU law by forcing out university, says European Court
Nick Thorpe, BBC, 10/7
Europe’s top court has ruled that Hungary broke EU law when education rules forced a university in Budapest to shift most activity abroad. The 2017 law focused on foreign universities but singled out the Central European University (CEU) founded by George Soros. The European Court of Justice said that conditions imposed by Viktor Orban’s government were incompatible with EU law. Read more.
HUNGARY: Scholars at Risk welcomes European Court of Justice ruling in Commission v Hungary (‘lex CEU’)
Scholars at Risk, 10/7
Scholars at Risk welcomes the decision of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) which ruled that requirements imposed by Hungary to enable foreign higher education institutions to carry out activities in the country are incompatible with EU law. Read more.
BELARUS: Academics mobilise support for Belarusian student protesters
Declan Butler, University World News, 10/6
The diaspora of Belarusian researchers and the international academic community are mobilising to draw attention to the cause of student and academic protesters in Belarus and the widespread violations of human rights by President Alexander Lukashenko, described as the last dictator in Europe. Read more.
JAPAN: Japan’s new prime minister picks fight with Science Council
Dennis Normile, Science, 10/5
Japan’s new prime minister, Yoshihide Suga, has disrupted the process by which scientists are appointed to serve on the governing body of the country’s leading academic society. Researchers see the move against the Science Council of Japan (SCJ) as a threat to academic freedom. Read more.
IRAN: Tehran: Franco-Iranian researcher Fariba Adelkhah released [Italian]
Farian Sabahi, Corriere Della Serra, 10/4
The Sciences Po anthropologist, detained for a year on charges of espionage, was released temporarily with a “medical permit” and an electronic bracelet. Read more.
HONG KONG: How Hong Kong’s student reporters fear being silenced under new police rules
Heidi Lee, Hong Kong Free Press, 10/2
Since pro-democracy protests erupted in Hong Kong last June, journalists have been on the front lines of civil unrest. Behind all the cameras and flash lights are not only the people from prominent news organisations, but also freelance and student journalists who insist on documenting the truth. Read more.
SINGAPORE: Drop police report against independent media outlet New Naratif [Joint Statement]
Scholars at Risk, 10/2
SAR joins civil society organizations in calling on Singapore to drop the police report against independent media outlet New Naratif, repeal or amend laws that restrict free expression, and end intimidation of human rights defenders. Read more.
UNITED STATES: 3 Universities Face U.S. Inquiries Into Free-Speech Controversies
Katherine Mangan, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 10/1
Responding to President Trump’s executive order on free speech, the Department of Education has put 3 universities on notice that they are under federal investigations. Read more.
EGYPT: Filmmaker, CUNY Student Detained Unjustly in Egypt
PEN America, 9/28
Mustafa Ali Hassanien, an Egyptian filmmaker and student at CUNY College of Staten Island, is currently being held in pretrial detention in Egypt and faces a number of charges that appear to be a politically motivated response to his criticism of the government. Read more.
JAPAN: Suga rejects 6 as new science council members
NHK World – Japan, 10/1
Prime Minister Suga Yoshihide has refused to appoint six nominees as new members of a leading organization of Japanese scientists, prompting a call for the move to be retracted. Read more.
CHINA / GLOBAL: Instruction Under Surveillance
Karin Fischer, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 9/30
Chinese students stuck overseas bring censorship concerns into newly global online classrooms. Read more.
TURKEY: HDP detentions: Hasankeyf Coordination calls for release of Prof. Beyza Üstün
The Hasankeyf Coordination, a group striving for the protection of the ancient city of Hasankeyf in southeastern Turkey, has demanded the release of Prof. Beyza Üstün, an academic who was detained on Friday (September 25) as part of an investigation against the Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP). Read more.
UNITED STATES: New Push for a Shift in Promotion and Tenure
Scott Jaschik, Inside Higher Ed, 9/30
Should innovation and entrepreneurial achievement be considered as part of teaching, research and service? Read more.
UNITED STATES: A Perception Problem About Free Speech
Greta Anderson, Inside Higher Ed, 9/29
A new report finds a majority of students feel they can’t express their opinions on campus, especially when they are in the ideological minority and even if they believe their college fosters a climate that supports free speech. Read more.
HONG KONG / UNITED KINGDOM: Oxford moves to protect students from China’s Hong Kong Security Law
Patrick Wintour, The Guardian, 9/28
Students at Oxford University specialising in the study of China are being asked to submit some papers anonymously to protect them from the possibility of retribution under the sweeping new security law introduced three months ago in Hong Kong.Read more.
TURKEY / CANADA: Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Carleton University statement condemning arrest of Cihan Erdal
Carleton University, 9/25
The Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Carleton University condemns in the strongest possible terms the detention of Carleton Sociology doctoral candidate, Cihan Erdal, in Turkey on September 25, 2020. Read more.
SINGAPORE: Why is Singapore falling behind in press freedom?
Emmy Sasipornkarn, DW, 9/25
Police in Singapore are investigating the New Naratif media outlet, founded by academic and athlete PJ Thum, for publishing unauthorized paid advertisements on Facebook during the July 2020 election campaign. Read more.
UNITED STATES: Zoom Draws a Line
Colleen Flaherty, Inside Higher Ed, 9/25
Videoconferencing provider refuses to stream a university event featuring a member of a terrorist organization. Academic freedom hawks see virtual teaching platforms as a new front in the fight for faculty rights. Read more.
AUSTRALIA / CHINA: High-profile Australian academic banned from entering China
Joyce Lau and John Ross, Times Higher Education, 09/24
Beijing has blocked Charles Sturt University professor Clive Hamilton and Alex Joske of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute thinktank from entering China, taking largely symbolic action against two of Australia’s highest-profile critics of the Chinese Communist Party. The state media announcement of the ban on 24 September called the researchers and their work “anti-China”. The report in the official Global Times also mentioned Australia’s decision earlier this month to revoke visas for two Chinese humanities scholars because of a security agency investigation. Read more.
THAILAND: Students defy Thammasat University campus protest ban
Prangtip Daorueng, University World News, 09/23
On Saturday 19 September students cut the small chain that locked the gate into Thammasat University’s Tha Prachan campus in Bangkok, after a short but unsuccessful negotiation with security guards, and led protesters in. A group of protesters brought down a sign that had been hung in front of the gate the night before that said: “The campus is temporarily closed between 18 and 20 September.” Read more.
EUROPEAN UNION / CHINA: EU-China research relationship ‘unbalanced’, policy head warns
David Matthews, Times Higher Education, 09/23
The European Union’s research relationship with China is “unbalanced”, according to one of the bloc’s policy chiefs, who has accused Beijing of failing to open up its scientific data or allow collaboration in fields where it is particularly strong. Jean-Eric Paquet, the European Commission’s director-general for research and innovation, also raised concerns about Chinese internet censorship. Read more.
UNITED STATES: AAUP launches a COVID-19 governance investigation
The American Association of University Professors, 09/21
The AAUP has authorized an investigation of the crisis in academic governance that has occurred in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, with a focus on seven institutions. The report, to be released in early 2021, will reach findings on whether there have been departures from AAUP-supported principles and standards of academic governance, but it may explore other issues as well, such as the effects of unilaterally imposed mass layoffs on academic freedom and tenure, the enrollment and financial challenges facing many institutions, and the impact of these challenges on higher education, especially the humanities and liberal arts. Read more.
UNITED STATES: ‘Scared to death to teach’: Internal report cites ‘chilling effect’
Tom Bartlett, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 09/21
An anonymous survey of 105 professors at the University of Southern California’s Marshall School of Business suggests that many of them have lost confidence in the dean, and that they feel “livid,” “betrayed,” and “scared of students” after a fellow faculty member was “thrown under the bus,” as several of them described it, following a controversy over his use of a Chinese word. Read more.
BRAZIL: Report points to serious risk to academic freedom in Brazil [Portguese]
Bruno Lupion, Deutsche Welle Brasil, 9/20
A study released by the Berlin Institute highlights offensives on several fronts against Brazilian teachers, researchers and institutions. Clear signs of corrosion of academic autonomy have come since the elections. The academic freedom to research and teach, in an environment with didactic and scientific autonomy in public universities, is guaranteed by the Constitution, but is under threat in Brazil. The conclusion is a report prepared by a group of Brazilian researchers and published this month by the GPPi (Global Public Policy Institute), based in Berlin. Read more.
GHANA: University reiterates opposition to ‘dangerous’ universities bill
Graphic Online via University World News, 09/20
The University of Ghana (UG) Legon branch of the University Teachers Association of Ghana (UTAG) has reiterated its stance against the Public Universities Bill currently before parliament, describing it as “an imminent danger to our institutions of higher education”, writes Severious Kale-Dery for Graphic Online. It said the bill, if passed, would have the potential to irreparably damage the country’s global standing as a pillar of democratic governance in Africa. Read more.
UNITED STATES: Trump attacks teaching of racism across US history
Paul Basken, Times Higher Education, 09/18
Donald Trump has castigated US universities for teaching their students about the enduring role of racism in the nation’s history and has outlined new steps aimed at preventing them from doing so. The President demanded that students be given a “patriotic education” that does not cause them “to lose confidence in who we are”, promising a federal commission aimed at revising the teaching of US history and outlined a grant to a conservative advocacy group to sketch out details. The Trump administration also began threatening Princeton University with the loss of millions in federal dollars for having admitted publicly that it was trying to fight racism within its structures. Read more.
SINGAPORE: Singapore’s limits show a possible future for Hong Kong academic freedom
Philip Altbach and Gerard A. Postiglione, South China Morning Post, 09/17
Hong Kong faces an inflection point in its higher education future following the social unrest and imposition of the national security law. As such, it is worth looking at Singapore’s experience as a semi-democracy with limited university autonomy and its own restrictions on academic freedom to reflect on what this might mean for Hong Kong. Both places have had success building effective higher education systems during the past half a century. Hong Kong’s academic future now faces many questions in light of the new law and the prospect of restrictions on academia. Singapore, with restrictions in place, seems to be sailing along at the same time. Read more.
UNITED STATES: A grad strike, a court fight, a no-confidence vote: U. of Michigan struggles over its campus reopening
Vimal Patel, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 09/17/20
The University of Michigan at Ann Arbor faculty has flirted with voting no confidence in its president a few times in the institution’s 200-year history. In 1954, faculty members wrist-slapped President Harlan H. Hatcher’s handling of the dismissal of a trio of professors for their alleged Communist affiliations. Most recently, in 2002, they threatened a no-confidence vote over a faculty grievance process. But it appears they always stopped short of using the ultimate — albeit symbolic — faculty admonishment tool. That changed on Wednesday — well, maybe. Read more.
INDIA: Arrests of activists politically motivated
Human Rights Watch, 09/16/20
The Indian authorities are increasingly bringing politically motivated cases, including under severe sedition and terrorism laws, against critics of the government, Human Rights Watch said today. On September 13, 2020 Delhhi police arrested Umar Khalid, an activist, as one of the “main conspirators,” under India’s principal counterterrorism law for his alleged role in communal violence in February that killed at least 53 people and injured hundreds. Police in Delhi have also named academics, activists, and opposition leaders as suspects. Read more.
UNITED KINGDOM: Campus free speech legislation ‘to target students’ unions’
John Morgan, Times Higher Education, 09/16/20
Legislation on free speech in English universities being discussed by the Westminster government is expected to target students’ unions by putting them under extended statutory duties and threatening fines. Speaking in the House of Commons last week, Gavin Williamson, the education secretary, said the government was “exploring a range of legislative and non-legislative options” to protect free speech on campuses, following the Conservative manifesto pledge to “strengthen academic freedom and free speech in universities”. Read more.
GLOBAL: Sunetra Gupta: social media attacks ‘stifling coronavirus debate’
Jack Grove, Times Higher Education, 09/16/20
A leading epidemiologist has criticised the “nervousness” of scientists to discuss the idea that herd immunity may end the coronavirus epidemic, saying social media attacks on those raising the concept have chilled open scholarly debate. “We need a sensible debate on this issue,” Sunetra Gupta, professor of theoretical epidemiology at the University of Oxford, told Times Higher Education. Read more.
CHINA / UNITED STATES: U.S. cancels visas of more than 1,000 Chinese nationals deemed security risks
Humeyra Pamuk, David Brunnstrom, and Ryan Woo, Reuters, 09/15/20
The United States has revoked visas for more than 1,000 Chinese nationals under a presidential measure denying entry to students and researchers deemed security risks, the State Department said on Wednesday, a move China called a violation of human rights. The acting head of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Chad Wolf, said earlier that Washington was blocking visas “for certain Chinese graduate students and researchers with ties to China’s military fusion strategy to prevent them from stealing and otherwise appropriating sensitive research.” Read more.
RUSSIA: Russia’s limits on critical thinking are hitting its academic performance
Katarzyna Kaczmarska and Dmitry Dubrovsky, Times Higher Education, 09/13/20
Recent months have seen heated debates in Russia about the limits of faculty and students’ rights to undertake public speaking and engage in political activism. Lecturers at the prestigious Higher School of Economics (HSE), once considered Russia’s most liberal university, have spent the summer worrying that their criticisms of the political status quo might put an end to their teaching careers. Read more.
GHANA: Police arrest four persons over Prof. Benneh’s murder
Justice Kofi Bimpeh, Prime News Ghana, 09/13/20
The Greater Regional Police Command has arrested four persons in connection with the murder of a senior lecturer of Law at the University of Ghana Prof Emmanuel Yaw Benneh. The four persons are Christian Kobi- 32, Isaac Botchway 41, James Nana 26 and Adams Mensah 52 who are workers in the house. Prof Emmanuel Yaw Benneh has been murdered at his residence in Accra. Read more.
AUSTRALIA: Australian academics muzzled and journal papers altered: survey
John Ross, Times Higher Education, 09/09
Almost one in 10 Australian ecology academics have been barred from speaking freely about their research and one in 20 have had their work “unduly modified” by employers, a study suggests. However, self-censorship is a bigger impediment to their public communication than active suppression by bosses or funders, with academics wary of being misrepresented by the media or drawn out of their areas of expertise. Read more.
EGYPT: Sentencing Bahey eldin Hassan, human rights advocate and founder of Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies
Middle East Studies Association, 09/09
The Middle East Studies Association’s Committee on Academic Freedom submitted a letter to Egyptian authorities expressing deep concern regarding the verdict against Bahey eldin Hassan, in absentia, on 25 August 2020. Hassan is a leading human rights advocate in Egypt and founder of the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS). CAF also urges the authorities to drop all charges against Hassan. Read more.
AUSTRALIA / CHINA: Australia revokes Chinese scholar visas and targets media officials, prompting furious China response
Sean Rubinsztein-Dunlop and Echo Hui, The Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 09/09
Senior Chinese media officials in Australia have been targeted and the visas of two leading Chinese scholars have been revoked in an unprecedented foreign interference investigation into a NSW political staffer, provoking a furious response from the Chinese Government. The Chinese Government has sensationally used state media to accuse Australian authorities of secretly raiding the homes of four Chinese journalists in Australia in late June, after receiving questions from the ABC yesterday about the investigation. Read more.
UNITED STATES: U.S. turns up heat on colleges’ foreign ties
Karin Fischer, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 09/08
A letter notified Stanford University that it had joined an unpopular club: It was one of at least a dozen colleges under investigation by the U.S. Department of Education over foreign gifts and contracts. Sent in mid-August to President Marc Tessier-Lavigne of Stanford, the notice appears to have been prompted by the arrest of a visiting Chinese researcher on charges of hiding her ties to the Chinese military on her visa application. Read more.
INDIA: Elgar Parishad case: NIA summons two more academics, a journalist for questioning
Sukanya Shantha, The Wire, 09/07
Expanding its net further, the National Investigations Agency has now issued summons to academics and a journalist from Hyderabad and Kolkata for questioning in connection with the ongoing Elgar Parishad investigation. Among those summoned are 51-year-old professor at the English and Foreign Languages University (EFLU) K. Satyanarayana, journalist with The Hindu K.V. Kurmanath and 42-year-old Kolkata-based molecular biologist and associate professor at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research in Kolkata Partho Sarothi Ray. Read more.
HUNGARY: Protesters rally against university ‘takeover’ in Budapest
British Broadcasting Corporation, 09/07
Thousands of people have formed a chain in the streets of the Hungarian capital Budapest in protest at what they say is a takeover of a top arts university by the country’s nationalist government. Demonstrators fear a new board at the University of Theatre and Film Arts, led by an ally of Prime Minister Viktor Orban, will ruin its autonomy. Students have occupied the campus for the past week. Read more.
CHINA: Piketty blasts ‘academic freedom violation’ as book pulled in China
Joyce Lau, Times Higher Education, 09/05
French economist Thomas Piketty has said requests to remove sections from the Chinese translation of his latest book reflect “growing anxiety” about expressing “any kind of critique” of contemporary Chinese politics. Professor Piketty said that a Chinese publisher, Citic Press, requested to his French publisher, Le Seuil, that several sections be cut from Capital and Ideology. Read more.
CHINA / UNITED STATES: Universities fear online students face regime reprisals
Yojana Sharma, University World News, 09/03
As classes continue online due to the global coronavirus pandemic, universities in the United States and elsewhere have raised concerns about the risks of teaching topics deemed sensitive to China at a time when it is easier to ‘eavesdrop’ on online delivery, with possible consequences for students and teachers. Read more.
HUNGARY: Hungary continues attacks on academic freedom
Lydia Gall, Human Rights Watch, 09/03
In its latest attack on academic freedom and free expression, the Hungarian government has placed control of the University of Theatre and Film Arts in Budapest into the hands of Prime Minister Orban loyalists. The school’s entire administration and several teachers have resigned in protest. Since August 31, students have barricaded themselves inside the university and blocked the entrance. A new law, which came into effect September 1, transferred ownership of the state-run theater university to a private foundation whose members have close links to the Orban government. Read more.
HAITI: Hundreds of students in the streets to denounce the assassination of Me Monferrier Dorval [French]
Gazette Haiti, 09/01
Several hundred students from the Faculty of Law demonstrated again in the streets of the Haitian capital to denounce the execution of the President of the Bar of Port-au-Prince. These students were joined by comrades from other entities of the State University of Haiti on the tarmac. Protesters erected barricades of flaming tires all along their route. Law enforcement officers intervened by firing tear gas to disperse the angry crowd. A great panic ensued and a vehicle registered in the state service was set on fire by the students. They announce that they will continue their mobilization until the departure of President Jovenel Moïse. Read more.
ZIMBABWE: Series of student arrests ‘points to erosion of progressive rights’
Eve Ruwoko, University World News, 09/01
More than 30 Zimbabwean students protesting under the #ZimbabweanLivesMatter banner calling for freedom of expression, an end to corruption and better living conditions, have thus far been arrested and charged by the state for inciting violence, according to the Zimbabwe National Students Union (ZINASU). In an interview with University World News in early August, President of ZINASU Takudzwa Ngadziore confirmed that many students were “facing unjustified arrests for claiming their space in the freedom arena. Read more.
BRAZIL: Academic freedom in Brazil
Conrado Hübner Mendes, Global Public Policy Institute, 09/01
Freedom of expression, freedom of thought, freedom to teach and to learn, and university autonomy are all rights protected by the constitution in Brazil. But a closer look at the state of academic freedom in the country reveals that these constitutional rights are under threat. In recent years, the political climate has strained ideas and ideologies, and Brazil’s deeply polarized politics have aggravated pre-existing problems in the regulation and governance of higher education. Read more.
CHINA: New online conference rules raise academic freedom fears
Mimi Leung, University World News, 09/01
Peking University, one of China’s top universities has announced new rules for attending online conferences organised overseas, including in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Macau. Applications by academics and researchers to take part will have to be vetted by university authorities in advance. According to the new rules published by the university’s International Cooperation Department on 19 August, “confidentiality requirements” must be “strictly” followed by Chinese academics attending webinars and other online events. Read more.
THAILAND: Thai protests raise academic freedom issues
Joyce Lau, Times Higher Education via Inside Higher Education, 08/28
Thai university campuses have become a key battleground in the largest antigovernment movement the country has seen since 2014, when a military junta overthrew the government. On Aug. 19, the authorities issued arrest warrants for participants in an earlier demonstration at Thammasat University. They also filed a complaint against Pavin Chachavalpongpun, a politics professor at Kyoto University in Japan, for opening a popular Facebook page with commentary on the monarchy. A Thai academic currently in exile, Pavin said he had previously been served an arrest warrant and had his passport revoked. Read more.
UNITED STATES: #ScholarStrike
Colleen Flaherty, Inside Higher Education, 08/28
Three headline-making images from the past week sparked an upcoming strike for racial justice — what could be the biggest collective action by academics in recent memory. Citing the Blake shooting and others by police, and the killings of Breonna Taylor and George Floyd, also by police, the initial #ScholarStrike statement says, “We can no longer sit quietly amidst state violence against communities of color.” Read more.
AUSTRALIA: Canberra seeks veto over university links with foreign powers
John Ross, Times Higher Education, 08/27
Australia’s opposition has reacted non-committally to a government plan to assume veto powers over agreements between universities and foreign governments. Shadow education minister Tanya Plibersek said the Labor Party had not yet adopted a position on the legislation, which was expected to be introduced into parliament in late August or early September. Read more.
CHINA: HRIC comment on and translation of Peking University’s rules on participation in online conferences organized by foreign parties
Human Rights in China, 08/26
On August 20, 2020, Peking University issued a “Notice on Regulating the Declaration and Approval of Participation in Online International Conferences Organized by Foreign Parties.” The Notice requires all teachers and students planning to participate in online conferences (webinars) to declare their participation and seek approval by providing documentation and specifics at least 15 days prior to an event. In their scope and likely impact, the requirements raise serious concerns about restrictions on academic freedom and, more specifically, about noncompliance with a wide range of international human rights standards, including freedom of opinion and expression, freedom of association, and the right to access and disseminate information. Read more.
AUSTRALIA: How a fake ‘free speech crisis’ could imperil academic freedom
Hannah Forsyth, The Conversation, 08/25
Forceful suppression of political and scholarly views in universities has a long and shameful history. University of Cambridge Chancellor John Fisher was hanged, drawn and quartered for failing to support Henry VIII’s “great matter”. A few years later, John Hullier was burned at the stake on Cambridge’s Jesus Green for refusing to renounce Protestantism. We imagine our modern universities to be more civil. Read more.
PAKISTAN: Accusations of blasphemy continue to endanger lives
Amnesty International, 08/25
The alarming uptick in blasphemy accusations across Pakistan underscores the urgency with which the draconian laws that enable abuse and risk lives must be repealed, Amnesty International said today. The broad, vague and coercive nature of the blasphemy laws violate the rights to freedom of religion and belief and of opinion and expression. They have been used to target some of the most marginalized people in society, including children, individuals with mental disabilities, members of religious minorities, and poorer people. Read more.
UNITED STATES: Boulder won’t cancel scholar who wrote Harris op-ed
Colleen Flaherty, Inside Higher Education, 08/25
Philip P. DiStefano, chancellor of the University of Colorado at Boulder, doesn’t like a faculty member’s recent Newsweek op-ed questioning Senator Kamala Harris’s eligibility for the vice presidency based on her parents’ immigrant backgrounds. But Boulder won’t fire or otherwise punish the professor. Read more.
THAILAND: ‘We want a true democracy’: students lead Thailand’s protest movement
Rebecca Ratcliffe, The Guardian, 08/24
For more than a month there have been almost daily student-led rallies spreading across the country, including a demonstration in Bangkok last weekend attended by more than 10,000 people. Observers are astonished by how rapidly the protests have spread, by how young people are challenging traditional hierarchies, and by the boldness of their demands, some of which relate to the powerful royal family. Read more.
CHINA / HONG KONG: China is killing academic freedom in Hong Kong
The Economist, 08/23
A couple of months ago academics would have been desperate to have their names appear in The Economist, laughs a professor at one of Hong Kong’s foremost universities, as she talks during an encrypted phone call. Now she, like every professor from the territory’s universities interviewed for this article, will speak only on condition of anonymity. Such has been the extraordinary effect of China’s national-security law in a city that until recently prided itself on its vibrant seats of learning. Read more.
IRAN: British-Australian academic being held in virus-hit Iranian jail ‘without enough food, water’
Arab News, 08/21
A British-Australian academic being held in a notorious Iranian prison hit by a coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak does not have enough food or water, a UK newspaper reported on Friday. Cambridge-educated Kylie Moore-Gilbert has been locked up in Tehran for nearly two years after being arrested at the capital’s main airport in September 2018 on accusations of espionage, “despite speaking little to no Farsi,” said The Times article. Read more.
GLOBAL: How to teach China this fall
Dimitar D. Gueorguiev, Xiaobo Lü, and Kerry Ratigan, ChinaFile, 08/20
The coming academic year presents unique challenges for university instructors teaching content related to China. The shift to online education, the souring of U.S.-China relations, and new national security legislation coming from Beijing have brought new sensitivities and new risks to our classrooms. And while the use of Zoom has facilitated remote teaching, it creates challenges to scholars who teach topics, narratives, and arguments China’s government deems “sensitive”—that is, out of bounds for debate. Read more.
UNITED STATES: Something’s got to give
Colleen Flaherty, Times Higher Education, 08/20
Women’s journal submission rates fell as their caring responsibilities jumped due to COVID-19. Without meaningful interventions, the trend is likely to continue. Female academics’ research productivity dropped off at the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak, which many experts have attributed to women’s outsize role in caregiving even before the pandemic. Read more.
INDIA: Bombay High Court rejects G. N. Saibaba’s plea for emergency parole
The Hindu, 08/18
The former Delhi University professor who has been convicted for Maoist links and is sentenced to life imprisonment had sought parole to attend his mother’s post-funeral rites at Hyderabad. Read more.
SOUTH AFRICA: Fears NSFAS defunding 5000 students will lead to financial exclusions
Sihle Mlambo, Independent Online, 08/18
The NSFAS decision to unfund 5000 students whose parents earned above the R350k threshold has been described as insensitive and brutal, with the EFF Students Command saying it will lead to the financial exclusion of most affected students. Read more.
HONG KONG: Hong Kong leader gives up Cambridge honorary fellowship
Joyce Lau, Times Higher Education, 08/17
Hong Kong’s embattled leader has rescinded her honorary fellowship from Wolfson College, Cambridge and hit back against criticism of her handling of academic freedom. Various groups had been petitioning Wolfson College to remove Carrie Lam’s title since late 2019, amid government crackdowns on pro-democracy demonstrations that included campus clashes and student arrests. Read more.
THAILAND: Universities tread fine line between student protests, state control
Prangtip Daorueng, University World News, 08/17
Political tensions in Thailand have escalated after student protesters demanded reforms to the monarchy at a rally on 10 August. The 10-point-demand read out in front of thousands of protesters on Thammasat University campus in Bangkok, touched upon one of the country’s most delicate issues, considered taboo by the public. Read more.
BRAZIL: Brazilian universities struggle to go online amid Covid denial
Anna McKie, Times Higher Education, 08/17
Brazilian universities are struggling to provide online teaching as they battle budget cuts and a government in denial about the scale of the coronavirus pandemic. According to the Ministry of Education, 38 of Brazil’s 69 state universities have suspended their activities entirely, while 21 are teaching remotely and 12 are partially open. Read more.
ITALY: Patrick Zaki, Milan also confers honorary citizenship on him. After Naples, another capital among the “100 cities for Patrick”
Il Fatto Quotidiano, 08/17
Patrick Zaki is an honorary citizen of Milan. The Lombard capital also joined the “100 cities for Patrick” campaign promoted on GoFair with the aim of increasing the weight of public opinion to request the release of the 29-year-old Egyptian researcher from the University of Bologna who has been detained in Egypt for over six months with several allegations including subversive propaganda on Facebook. Read more.
UNITED KINGDOM: How fake award for a tycoon left Oxford University open to Chinese influence
Emma Graham-Harrison, The Guardian, 08/16
An Oxford academic handed out a “meaningless” university qualification to a Hong Kong businessman with ties to the Chinese authorities at a high-profile ceremony in Shanghai last year, in the latest incident to raise concerns about Chinese influence on UK higher education. Alan Hudson awarded the title “Belt and Road Academician from Oxford University” to Chan King Wai, who is a member of an advisory body to China’s rubber-stamp parliament, at a ceremony attended by an official from the British consulate and dozens of other people. Read more.
HONG KONG: Academics, students sign petition calling for Hong Kong universities to reverse dismissals of Benny Tai, Shiu Ka-chun over Occupy protests
Gary Cheung, South China Morning Post, 08/15
More than 3,900 academics, students and members of the public have signed a petition calling on two Hong Kong universities to retract their decisions to sack a pair of academics over their involvement in the 2014 Occupy Central protests. Read more.
BELARUS: Doctoral student released from detainment in Belarus after being held for about 72 hours
Makena Roberts, The GW Hatchet, 08/14
A doctoral student in the political science department was released Friday after being detained in Minsk, Belarus for roughly three days. Stas Gorelik, a Belarusian citizen who has studied at GW since 2016, was detained Wednesday for allegedly participating in mass riots in the country, friends said. Read more.
BELARUS: Statement concerning the detention of academic researcher Stas Gorelik
ASEEES & ASN, 08/13
The Association for Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies (ASEEES) and the Association for the Study of Nationalities (ASN) express our strong concern over the August 12 detention of our fellow academic researcher Stas Gorelik. Read more.
GLOBAL: 26th Annual Report of the Network of Concerned Historians: Edition 2020
Network of Concerned Historians, 08/12
This twenty-sixth Annual Report of the Network of Concerned Historians contains news about the domain where history and human rights intersect, in particular about the censorship of history and the persecution of historians, archivists, and archaeologists around the globe, as reported by various human rights organizations and other sources.
CHINA: Beijing Attempts To Remake Hong Kong In Its Image As National Security Law Takes Hold
Emily Feng, NPR, 08/12
Textbooks censored. Teachers investigated for improper speech. Students arrested and charged with secession for their social media posts. Just over a month after Beijing imposed a national security law in Hong Kong, authorities are targeting in rapid succession figures at all levels of Hong Kong’s civil society and education sectors, despite assurances from Beijing officials and Hong Kong’s top leader that the law would only be used to target a small minority of people. Read more.
UNITED KINGDOM: Academic freedom is precious – so why have UK universities sold out to China?
Peter Wilby, The Guardian, 08/11
In February 1970, students occupying the registry at Warwick University discovered dozens of incriminating documents. The university, at the behest of the business interests that dominated its governing council, was apparently spying on its lecturers and students and keeping files on their political activities. Among the targets was Prof David Montgomery, one of America’s most distinguished labour historians, then a visiting professor at Warwick. Read more.
THAILAND: The demonstration at Thammasat proposes monarchy reform
The organizers of the demonstration at Thammasat University read their first declaration. It proposes that the monarchy should be reformed in line with democratic principles. Read more.
INDIA: HC notice to Uddhav government on former DU professor GN Saibaba’s parole plea
The New Indian Express, 8/11
The Nagpur bench of Bombay High Court on Tuesday sought Maharashtra government’s response to a petition filed by Delhi University’s former professor G N Saibaba for emergency parole to attend the post funeral rituals of his late mother in Hyderabad. Saibaba, who is serving a life sentence in the Nagpur Central Prison for links with Maoists, lost his 74-year-old ailing mother on August 1, even as his lawyers were seeking to arrange a video conference between the two. Read more.
AUSTRALIA : Australia is cracking down on foreign interference in research. Is the system working?
Dyani Lewis, Nature, 08/10
Almost a year after Australia introduced a pioneering system for minimizing the risk of foreign interference in research, in particular from overseas militaries, experts are divided about whether it is working. The new guidelines, which were introduced in November and are widely assumed to be a response to concerns about the Chinese military’s ties to universities, encourage institutions to perform risk assessments on potential collaborators, communicate the risk of foreign interference to staff and bolster cybersecurity. They also urge universities to ensure that they comply with laws that restrict exports of certain technologies, such as those that have military uses. Read more.
PAPUA NEW GUINEA: Pressure on Indonesian students speaking out on Papua
Johnny Blades, Radio New Zealand, 08/10
Indonesian students becoming engaged in the West Papuan human rights struggle are under pressure from authorities. Human rights advocates have called for the reinstatement of four Indonesian university students expelled for protesting against human rights abuses in Papua, including one young man charged and facing a lengthy prison term for his actions. Read more.
INDONESIA: Reinstate students expelled over Papua protest
Human Rights Watch, 08/06
Indonesia’s public Khairun University on Ternate Island should reinstate four students who were expelled after taking part in a peaceful protest, Human Rights Watch said today. A civil lawsuit brought by the four students, challenging their dismissal after the December 2019 protests, is underway in Ambon. On July 13, 2020, the Ternate police charged one of the four, Arbi M. Nur, with “treason” and “public provocation.” The Indonesian government should investigate the matter, as well as the alleged excessive use of force by police against students. Read more.
HONG KONG: In Hong Kong, some activists fear academic freedom will suffer under National Security Law
Voice of America, 08/05
When lecturer Shiu Ka-Chun received a letter from his university last week, he was shocked to find that he had been effectively fired. Shiu, also a legislator, has taught social work at the Baptist University of Hong Kong for 11 years, where his teaching had been consistently rated as excellent. He was jailed last year for “inciting public nuisance” in the 2014 civil disobedience Occupy Central movement and after his release, he was removed from teaching duties pending disciplinary proceedings linked to his conviction. Shiu said his effective dismissal amounted to “political persecution” but the university gave him no explanation. Read more.
UNITED STATES: House republicans examine foreign money to colleges
Kery Murakami, Inside Higher Education, 08/05
The top Republicans on three House committees, including one that has been investigating foreign influence on U.S. higher education, asked Harvard and Yale Universities and four other institutions that have received tens of millions of dollars from China and other countries for records of any contracts, agreements or gifts with those nations. However, Terry Hartle, the senior vice president for government and public affairs at the American Council on Education, quickly called it an “unwarranted partisan fishing expedition aimed solely at schools in blue states in an election year.” Read more.
AUSTRALIA: Critical test of academic freedom for Australian universities
Elaine Pearson, The Sydney Morning Herald, 08/04
The University of New South Wales (UNSW) boldly urges students to “bring your difference”. Unfortunately, my recent experience suggests that the university might be more interested in damage control than an open marketplace of ideas. But this is a test of academic freedom that UNSW can’t afford to fail. Read more.
AUSTRALIA / CHINA: ‘The fear is real’: Chinese students in Australia dread reprisal from Beijing
Eryk Bagshaw and Fergus Hunter, The Sydney Morning Herald, 08/04
Chinese students in Australia are scared of speaking out about Hong Kong as the Chinese Communist Party ramps up new online portals for reporting dissent and UNSW is engulfed in controversy over academic freedom. UNSW deleted social media posts over the weekend that raised concerns about the erosion of human rights in the Chinese territory after a campaign was launched by Huang Yuwen, a Sydney-based lawyer with links to the Chinese consulate. The university was subsequently inundated with social media posts and emails from Chinese nationals that said the posts severely offended students, and amounted to interference in China’s internal affairs. Read more.
UNITED KINGDOM: UK academics ‘discriminate against political opposites’ – survey
Anna McKie, Times Higher Education, 08/03
A survey has suggested that a third of academics who supported remain in the UK’s European Union referendum would seek to avoid hiring a known leave supporter, while nearly a quarter of right-wing academics would rate a paper lower if it had a left-wing perspective. The thinktank Policy Exchange commissioned a YouGov poll of 820 UK academics, of whom 484 were currently employed and 336 were retired staff, and found that academics on both sides of the political divide discriminated against each other when it came to decisions on grant applications, promotions and publications. Read more.
HONG KONG: More than 2,500 HKU students, staff and alumni sign petition against dismissal of Hong Kong legal scholar Benny Tai
Chan Ho-him, South China Morning Post, 08/03
More than 2,500 students, staff and alumni at the University of Hong Kong have signed a petition demanding its governing council withdraw the dismissal of legal scholar and Occupy movement co-founder Benny Tai Yiu-ting. In the petition, submitted to the university on Monday, the student union, which organised the campaign, also urged the council to make public the justifications for Tai’s dismissal within a week and amend the existing procedures of having government-appointed members sitting on the body, including the chairman. Read more.
UNITED KINGDOM: OfS plans new regulations on free speech and grade inflation
Anna McKie, Times Higher Education, 07/31
England’s regulator says it will implement new rules on free speech and wants to do the same for grade inflation. In a letter sent to universities, the Office for Students says it will issue regulatory guidance on “principles relating to academic freedom and free speech, because these principles underpin high-quality higher education”, in the autumn this year. The government has continued to emphasise how important it considers university commitment to academic freedom and free speech by including it in the conditions for emergency loan funding, which at the same time has raised concerns about university autonomy. Read more.
GERMANY / CHINA: Hamburg Confucius split latest sign of German caution over China
David Matthews, Times Higher Education, 07/30
The University of Hamburg has decided to cut ties with its Confucius Institute over fears that Beijing could use it as a “propaganda instrument”, in the latest sign of a more wary stance in Germany towards Chinese government influence on campus. Compared to the US, German institutions have up to now taken a more relaxed approach, but a number of scandals involving perceived threats to academic freedom appear to have changed the debate. Read more.
UNITED STATES: Report: College policies restrict press rights
Greta Anderson, Inside Higher Education, 07/30
Many private colleges, and even some public institutions, institute policies that violate the freedom of both student media organizations and professional publications, according to a new report by a fellow at the University of California National Center for Free Speech and Civic Engagement. The report by John Wilson, co-editor of the American Association of University Professors’ “Academe” blog and a 2019-20 fellow at the center, was published July 29. Wilson surveyed the top 25 American colleges ranked by U.S. News & World Report and found that multiple policies at these institutions and others restrict media access to campuses, directly censor student publications and forbid staff members from speaking to reporters without permission. Read more.
AUSTRALIA: Normal service resumes as Australia keeps researchers in the dark
John Ross, Times Higher Education, 07/29
A period of transparency in Australia appears to have ended, imposing more confusion on researchers at a time when Covid-19 has already turned their world upside down. Education minister Dan Tehran has stopped disclosing the grant recommendations he receives from the Australian Research Council (ARC) — a practice he started earlier this year after an order from the Senate. Read more.
SRI LANKA: Human rights under attack
Human Rights Watch, 07/29
The Sri Lankan government should end the targeted arrests, intimidation and threats against the lives and physical security of lawyers, activists, human rights defenders and journalists, 10 international human rights organizations said today. Lawyers taking on human rights cases have been targeted through legal and administrative processes and have faced smear campaigns in the media. Kumaravadivel Guruparan, a human rights lawyer, was a senior lecturer at the Faculty of Law at the University of Jaffna. Read more.
HONG KONG: Sacking of scholar ‘marks the end of academic freedom’
Mimi Leung and Yojana Sharma, University World News, 07/28
The governing council of Hong Kong’s top university has sacked a prominent law professor, Benny Tai, in a move that, though not unexpected, has sent shock waves through Hong Kong academia.Tai, a co-founder of the 2014-2016 Occupy Central movement which later morphed into the Umbrella Movement and a key target of pro-Beijing elements for his role in those protests, was sacked for ‘misconduct’ related to his conviction by a Hong Kong court for his role in those protests. Read more.
IRAN: Australian Kylie Moore-Gilbert moved to notoriously inhumane prison in Iran as “punishment”
Center for Human Rights in Iran, 07/28
The Australian academic Kylie Moore-Gilbert, who has been imprisoned in Iran on spurious charges since October 2018, has been moved to the notoriously harsh Gharchak Prison, south of Tehran, the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) has learned, where she will be held alongside violent prisoners. Moore-Gilbert, a graduate of Australia’s Melbourne University and the UK’s Cambridge University, is a Middle East scholar and professor at Melbourne University. Agents of the IRGC’s Intelligence Organization first arrested her in September 2018 while she was visiting the Iranian city of Qom to attend an academic conference. Read more.
UNITED STATES: New international students barred from all-online classes
Elizabeth Redden, Inside Higher Education, 07/27
U.S. immigration officials have issued new guidance saying new international students — unlike current international students — cannot come to the U.S. to take an entirely online course of study. However, while one expert noted a lack of clarity on this point, the guidance issued Friday by the Student and Exchange Visitor Program seems to affirm that new international students may enroll in hybrid programs consisting of a mix of in-person and online courses, as long as their coursework is not “100 percent online.” It also says that students will not be at risk of deportation if their institutions switch from an in-person or hybrid mode to an online-only mode in the middle of the term due to the pandemic. Read more.
HONG KONG: Will new security law prove a turning point for HE?
Philip Altbach and Gerard A Postiglione, University of World News, 07/25
The past year has been one of unprecedented crisis for Hong Kong. Protracted and sometimes violent protests, with active student participation, concerning the extradition bill and the future of democracy, the COVID-19 pandemic and central government’s new national security law have created concern and uncertainty about the future of higher education. After months of disruption on several university campuses, many in the academic community, both in Hong Kong and around the world, have questions. Read more.
GLOBAL: AAS statement regarding remote teaching, online scholarship, safety, and academic freedom
The Association for Asian Studies, 07/23
The global coronavirus pandemic has made videoconferencing tools such as Zoom essential for teaching and other forms of academic communication. In-person academic exchange, like print-and-paper publishing, now has a major online complement, and just as we increasingly transmit information and access books and journals digitally, we will conduct more lectures and seminars online. However, a series of incidents involving Zoom and the People’s Republic of China has raised concerns about the potential for China or other governments to compromise the privacy, reliability, accessibility, and security of videoconferencing apps, and to use data gleaned through these apps for state purposes. Read more.
JAPAN: Government clamps down on foreign research ‘leaks’
Suvendrini Kakuchi, University World News, 07/23
PAgainst the backdrop of mounting tensions between Western nations and China, Japan is taking new steps to safeguard its own advanced research, including tightening the screening of foreign students and researchers to prevent leaks to foreign countries of advanced technologies, particularly those with possible military applications. Visas for foreign researchers will be more closely reviewed. The Japanese government has stated that financial aid will not be granted for university research if there are concerns or risks of technology outflow. Read more.
UNITED STATES: Canceling emeritus
Colleen Flaherty, Inside Higher Education, 07/23
Fewer institutions have clearly outlined processes for denuding emeritus professors of that honorary status. The University Senate at San Diego State University this week considered a proposal on adopting one. But the policy was sent back to the subcommittee that drafted it over academic freedom concerns. No one at San Diego State outwardly opposes the idea of taking back emeritus status when a professor is revealed to have, say, sexually harassed someone or committed some other serious crime. Instead, what rankled professors was proposed language on revoking emeritus status “when it is determined that an individual’s conduct, before or after emeritus status has been granted, causes harm to the university’s reputation.” Read more.
PAKISTAN: Pakistani academics leaving positions due to retribution for criticizing administration and religious philosophies
Committee of Concerned Scientists, 07/22
The Committee of Concerned Scientists submitted a letter to the Prime Minister of Pakistan regarding concern over a growing number of incidents of suppression of academic freedom in Lahore, Pakistan. The letter highlights the firing or forced resignation of Dr. Ammar Ali Jan, a professor of political science; the reduction of distinguished professorship term of Pervez Hoodbhoy, a physicist; and Zaigham Abbas, professor of political science, who suddenly found that his contract had not been renewed in February of this year, when he reportedly discovered a colleague teaching his class. These cases, and others, illustrate a disturbing crackdown on university professors who criticize the military or are perceived to be promoting secularism. Read more.
CHINA / UNITED KINGDOM: UK universities accused of overreliance on fees from Chinese students
Richard Adams, The Guardian, 07/22
Britain’s universities rely too heavily on tuition fees from Chinese students, according to a Conservative-backed thinktank that wants the government to replace them with increased funding for domestic students taking “high value” degrees. The report by Onward, a thinktank supported by Tory MPs and donors, claims there are “well-founded fears” that China’s Communist party and its satellites have sought to undermine academic freedom and research on UK campuses, at the same time as lucrative international student fees have distorted the priorities of universities. Read more.
UNITED STATES: New data on academic freedom and financial exigency policies
Colleen Flaherty, Inside Higher Education, 07/20
The American Association of University Professors today released a new kind of diagnostic tool for assessing institutions’ academic freedom. The report is based on an examination of 198 college and university faculty handbooks’ and collective bargaining agreements’ policies on academic freedom, dismissal for cause, financial exigency and program discontinuance. The investigation loosely tracks a similar study from 2000, revealing changes over time. The good news, from the AAUP’s point of view, is that many of its recommended policies and standards are still prevalent, or more prevalent, within these documents, than they were in 2000. The bad news is that some AAUP-backed policies concerning financial exigency, in particular, are lacking, especially in light of the coronavirus pandemic. Read more.
UNITED KINGDOM: DfE ‘manifesto’ for English sector ‘sets path to legislation’
John Morgan, Times Higher Education, 07/20
The Department for Education’s “restructuring regime” for the English sector may set a path towards legislation on tertiary education and raises major concerns around university autonomy, according to policy experts. On 16 July, the DfE outlined the conditions under which emergency loans could be granted to universities at risk of failure because of the pandemic. Universities seeking such a loan must look at “refocusing provision on high-quality courses, defined as courses with strong learner outcomes (eg, low dropout rates and large proportions of graduates finding highly skilled employment)”, as well as consider efficiency measures such as institutional mergers, including with further education colleges. Read more.
RUSSIA: Russian hackers attempted to steal coronavirus vaccine research
Kate Day, Politico, 07/16
Russian hackers are targeting organizations developing coronavirus vaccines, according to security officials from the U.K., United States and Canada. The U.K.’s National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) Thursday published details of attacks which it says are being carried out by a group known as APT29, also named “the Dukes” or “Cozy Bear,” that it alleges “almost certainly” operate as part of Russian intelligence services. The NCSC said in a statement that the attacks predominantly hit government departments, diplomatic missions, think tanks and health care and energy targets to steal valuable intellectual property. Read more.
UNITED KINGDOM: English universities must prove ‘commitment’ to free speech for bailouts
Richard Adams, The Guardian, 07/16
Universities in England needing bailouts to survive the impact of Covid-19 will have to “demonstrate their commitment” to free speech as well as closing courses with low graduate pay, Gavin Williamson has announced. The Department for Education’s guidance said it would “require assurance that providers are fully complying with their legal duties to secure freedom of speech” before granting emergency loans. However, the University and College Union (UCU) accused the government of using the pandemic to enforce political objectives taken from the Conservative party’s election manifesto. Read more.
UNITED STATES / CHINA: Trump targets Fulbright in China, Hong Kong
Elizabeth Redden, Inside Higher Education, 07/16
President Trump on Tuesday ordered his administration to take steps to end the U.S. government’s flagship Fulbright exchange program in China and Hong Kong. Trump stated his intent to end Fulbright exchanges with China and Hong Kong as part of an executive order directing the suspension or elimination of various policy exemptions in U.S. law that give Hong Kong preferential treatment in relation to mainland China. The order was prompted by the imposition by Beijing of a new national security law governing Hong Kong, a step that the executive order describes as “merely China’s latest salvo in a series of actions that have increasingly denied autonomy and freedoms” to Hong Kong, a semiautonomous region of China. Read more.
CHINA / UNITED KINGDOM: Scrutiny over Huawei university ties increases after ban
Yojana Sharma, University World News, 07/16
The British government’s decision this week to ban Chinese technology giant Huawei from its national telecommunications infrastructure has prompted renewed scrutiny over Huawei’s links with universities in the United Kingdom and renewed calls for transparency in university dealings with the Chinese company. The UK government announced on 14 July that the purchase of new Huawei equipment for high speed 5G networks will be banned at the end of 2020, and all Huawei equipment will be removed from UK 5G networks by 2027 following a review by the government’s National Cyber Security Centre. Read more.
HONG KONG / CHINA: Security law: Hong Kong scholars fear for academic freedom
Jerome Taylor and Su Xinqi, AFP via Hong Kong Free Press, 07/15
China’s new security law has sent a chill through Hong Kong’s schools and universities with many teachers fearful the city’s reputation for academic freedom and excellence is now at risk. Just a week after the sweeping legislation was imposed on the territory, staff at some institutions have already been warned by their administrators to be careful how they teach. “Remain neutral in your teaching and be mindful of the language you use,” read one email to staff of HKU SPACE, a college attached to the prestigious University of Hong Kong (HKU). Read more.
CHINA: Chinese professor fired by Tsinghua University after release from detention
Ching-Tse Cheng, Taiwan News, 07/14
Outspoken jurist and law professor at Beijing’s Tsinghua University, Xu Zhangrun (許章潤), said he has been stripped of his job at the institution shortly after being released from detention by the Beijing authorities on Sunday (July 12). On July 6, the 57-year-old professor was reportedly removed from his home in Beijing for soliciting prostitution. However, his wife and close friends have defended his reputation and referred to the detention as Beijing’s attempt to eradicate Chinese dissidents and stop their activism. Read more.
UNITED STATES: U.S. rescinds visa policy that could have forced colleges to hold some classes in person
Karin Fischer, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 07/14
In a startling reversal, the Trump administration agreed to rescind a visa policy that would have forced international students to enroll in in-person classes or leave the country. The repeal of the policy, which had been broadly seen as an attempt by the White House to pressure institutions to reopen with face-to-face instruction this fall, is an enormous victory for colleges and more than a million international students. Many students, especially those with health conditions, faced a near-impossible choice: return to their home countries in the middle of a global pandemic or risk their health returning to campus. Read more.
SINGAPORE: Government orders removal of critical comments on handling of COVID-19 pandemic
PEN International, 07/10
PEN International is concerned by reports that legislation ostensibly intended to counter ‘fake news’ is being applied to remove legitimate commentary on the Singapore government’s handling of the COVID-19 pandemic. The Singapore Government has issued a Correction Direction to several organisations, including the web-based media organisations, New Naratif and The Online Citizen Asia, under the Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Act (POFMA). Both outlets have been forced to preface articles with a correction notice which links to a government statement. Read more.
GLOBAL: Academic freedom, boycott and the question of Palestine
Conor McCarthy, The Irish Times, 07/10
In September 2017, David Landy, Ronit Lentin and I held a conference at TCD, Freedom of Speech and Higher Education: The Case of the Academic Boycott of Israel. Our intention was to explore the idea of academic freedom in a context which presses that concept to its limits – the ongoing Israeli occupation of the Palestinian West Bank, Gaza and East Jerusalem, and the international boycott campaign against it, including the academic boycott campaign. The conference was opened by Prof Steven Salaita, who had in 2014 suffered the withdrawal of an offer of a tenured position at the University of Illinois, in the wake of tweets critical of Israel which he posted during the Gaza bombardment of that year. Read more.
GLOBAL: Widespread attacks on education worldwide: More than 11,000 attacks in past 5 years
Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack, 07/09
More than 22,000 students, teachers, and academics were injured, killed, or harmed in attacks on education during armed conflict or insecurity over the past five years, according to Education under Attack 2020,a new 300-page report published today by the Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA). More than 11,000 separate attacks on education facilities, students and educators took place between 2015 and 2019. Education under Attack 2020 finds that the number of countries experiencing attacks on education has increased in recent years. Between 2015 and 2019, 93 countries experienced at least one reported attack on education, marking an increase of 19 affected countries, up from 74 countries in the previous reporting period of 2013-2017. Read more.
UNITED KINGDOM / CHINA: UK universities comply with China internet limits
Sean Coughlan, BBC News, 07/09
UK universities are testing a new online teaching link for students in China – which will require course materials to comply with Chinese restrictions on the internet. It enables students in China to keep studying UK degrees online, despite China’s limits on internet access. But it means students can only reach material on an “allowed” list. Universities UK said it was “not aware of any instances when course content has been altered”. Read more.
NIGERIA: North East universities press on in the shadow of Boko Haram
Samuel Okocha, University World News, 07/09
Universities and other tertiary education institutions in North East Nigeria are working to recover from severe disruptions to operations and academic life – in some cases, lengthy closures and falls in enrolments – caused by attacks from insurgent group Boko Haram. Its activity has become less intense in recent years following aggressive campaigns by the Nigerian military, although an attack in June 2020 on a village in North Eastern Borno State, where 81 people were killed, shows the group has yet to be defeated. Read more.
UNITED STATES: As MIT and Harvard sue, colleges scramble to respond to new federal policy on international students
Karin Fischer, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 07/08
Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology sued the Trump administration to stop a new policy that would block international students from coming to or remaining in the United States if their courses are taught entirely online. The policy — released with no notice on Monday, the same day Harvard announced it would hold all undergraduate classes online this fall — was viewed by many in higher education as a backdoor effort by the administration to force colleges to reopen to face-to-face instruction. Read more.
IRAQ: Leading Iraqi researcher assassinated outside his house in Baghdad
Mustafa Salim and Louisa Loveluck, The Washington Post, 07/06
A leading Iraqi researcher, Hisham al-Hashimi, was fatally shot late Monday outside his house in Baghdad, officials said. The gunmen had waited outside his home on a motorcycle, one security official said, speaking on the condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak with the media. The assailants then fled the scene, he said. No group claimed responsibility for the killing, but for many in Iraq, it underscored the reality of a slow-burn assassination campaign by militia groups against their critics. Hashimi, 47, was a frequent target of the propaganda of Iran-backed militia groups, and friends and colleagues said he had faced a rising tide of threats. Read more.
HONG KONG / CHINA: Hong Kong scholars may stay abroad to evade security law’s reach
Jack Grove, Times Higher Education, 07/06
The new security law imposed by Beijing on Hong Kong may prevent scholars and students based overseas from returning to the city if they have criticised China, experts have warned. Under the legislation, authorities have been given new powers to punish “offences of secession, subversion, organisation and perpetration of terrorist activities”. Within hours of its introduction, the law had been used to arrest hundreds of protesters – including some holding placards with pro-democracy slogans – for alleged violations. Read more.
CHINA: China detains law professor who took on party, friends say
Chris Buckley, The New York Times, 07/06
The police in Beijing on Monday detained Xu Zhangrun, a law professor and one of China’s most prominent and scathing critics of the Communist Party’s expanding control, his friends said. Professor Xu, 57, had long taught at Tsinghua University, a prestigious school in Beijing, but the university banned him from teaching and research in 2019 after he issued a series of essays that, in barbed, elegant Chinese, condemned and ridiculed the swelling dominance of the party under Xi Jinping. Police officers raided Professor Xu’s home in northern Beijing early in the morning, taking away a computer and papers, said his friend, Geng Xiaonan, who said she spoke to the scholar’s wife and students. Read more.
TURKEY: University falls victim to Erdogan’s battle with ex-PM
Arab News via University World News, 07/04
Istanbul Sehir University, founded by Ahmet Davutoglu, the former prime minister and ex-ally of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, was shut down on Monday 29 June after an overnight presidential decree was issued, writes Menekse Tokyay for Arab News. “With this signature, President Erdogan has gone down in history as a politician who shut down a university,” Davutoglu said during a press conference on Tuesday 30 June. The move had been expected following the government seizure of the BISAV (Foundation for Sciences and Arts) organisation behind the university earlier this year over a failure to pay back loans. The university failed to pay staff salaries and utility bills. Read more.
Academic freedom crushed under new National Security Law
Mimi Leung and Yojana Sharma, University World News, 07/01
Jittery Hong Kong students, academic freedom groups, activists and many ordinary citizens were this week deleting their social media posts and shutting down Facebook and Twitter accounts as China on Tuesday promulgated its National Security Law for Hong Kong which prohibits “secession, subversion, terrorism and collusion with foreign forces” to endanger national security, which could lead to life in prison for “primary instigators”. It was only published in full after it was promulgated on Tuesday and came into force in Hong Kong before midnight the same day. Read more.
Uludağ University launches an investigation against Prof. Kayıhan Pala
Following a decision of non-jurisdiction given by the prosecutor’s office, Uludağ University administration has reportedly launched an investigation against public health specialist Prof. Kayıhan Pala over an interview published on a Bursa-based local news website. As reported by Serkan Alan from Gazete Duvar, Pala was first tipped off by the Provincial Administration Board of Bursa Governor’s Office after he gave an interview to “enBursa.com” website on April 20. The interview was about the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) and it was entitled “The number of cases and fatalities in Bursa is higher than announced.” Read more.
University staff must find their voice, says Murdoch whistleblower
John Ross, Times Higher Education, 07/01
A “whole spectrum” of options confronts university staff concerned about their institutions’ activities, according to Murdoch University associate professor Gerd Schröder-Turk. “The first level might be finding the guts to say something in a meeting,” he said. “The next is to assert your opinion when others are trying to downplay it. The next is to put something in writing.” Read more.
NASA scientist, detained in Turkey for years, returns to U.S.
Carlotta Gall, The New York Times, 06/30
An American NASA scientist returned with his family to the United States early Tuesday morning after nearly four years of imprisonment and house arrest in Turkey, and more than seven months after President Trump said he had secured an agreement for his release. The scientist, Serkan Golge, arrived in Washington on a commercial flight shortly after midnight, ending a tortuous journey for him and his family, who had become caught up in increasingly fraught Turkish-American relations. Read more.
Mounting faculty concerns about the fall semester
Colleen Flaherty, Inside Higher Education, 06/30
Purdue University president Mitch Daniels, an early advocate of reopening campuses for the fall, has become a de facto spokesperson for the movement. The role comes with attendant criticism, including from within his institution. During an interview on CNN, for example, Daniels was asked about a previous comment Alice Pawley, associate professor of engineering education and president of the main Purdue campus’s American Association of University Professors chapter, made to Inside Higher Ed: “I don’t want to think about face-to-face teaching the hordes of students I usually teach until there is a vaccine.” Read more.
Spied on. Fired. Publicly shamed. China’s crackdown on professors reminds many of Mao era
Alice Su, The Los Angeles Times, 06/27
The professor was under surveillance. Cameras taped her every lecture. She couldn’t publish or give talks outside the university. She knew she had to be careful when she taught on one of China’s most sensitive and dangerous topics: the Cultural Revolution. To preempt accusations of straying beyond academia, all discussion was based on archives, books and articles. Classes were kept small; heavy reading lists filtered out potential student-informants. She made seating charts with photos, making sure no stranger could wander in unnoticed. Read more.
Students arrested in protests over online classes fees
Ameen Amjad Khan, University World News, 06/26
Police arrested over 80 students of different universities in Pakistan’s Balochistan province when they staged a rally this week against online classes, which they see as a way for universities to ‘extort’ fees from students while campuses are shut due to coronavirus. Over 300 students from the province’s universities and colleges gathered in Quetta, the Balochistan provincial capital, on 24 June chanting slogans against the Higher Education Commission (HEC), the country’s regulatory body, and against management of universities for charging what they said was unfair fees. Police beat them and arrested over 80, including female students. Read more.
Academic ‘solidarity’ needed to save gender studies from populism
David Matthews, Times Higher Education, 06/26
Academics need to show far more “solidarity” towards colleagues in subjects such as gender studies that are under fire from far-right populists, one of Germany’s constitutional court judges has warned, arguing that such attacks are only the first step in a broader assault on academia. Speaking at an event on freedom of expression at universities, Susanne Baer, herself a professor of public law and gender studies at the Humboldt University of Berlin, said that some scholars had “underestimated” the threat. Read more.
Professor could face death penalty for ‘blasphemy’
Ameen Amjad Khan, University World News, 06/24
This month over two dozen police officers including commandos raided the home of Sajid Soomro, a professor of Sindhi literature, to arrest him on charges of blasphemy, a serious charge in Pakistan that can lead to the death penalty if proven. “Why are you arresting me? I am a professor. I am a Muslim and I have not committed any blasphemy; this is injustice, this is grave injustice,” Soomro reportedly pleaded. But he was ordered to “get inside the van” and driven away to Khairpur city police station in Sindh province where he was put behind bars on 10 June. Read more.
Facial recognition to ‘predict criminals’ sparks row over AI bias
Harrisburg University researchers said their software “can predict if someone is a criminal, based solely on a picture of their face”. The software “is intended to help law enforcement prevent crime”, it said. But 1,700 academics have signed an open letter demanding the research remains unpublished. One Harrisburg research member, a former police officer, wrote: “Identifying the criminality of [a] person from their facial image will enable a significant advantage for law-enforcement agencies and other intelligence agencies to prevent crime from occurring.” Read more.
When free speech and racist speech collide
Greta Anderson, Inside Higher Education, 06/23
As a staff attorney for the American Civil Liberties Union, Emerson Sykes has focused on the intersection of racial justice and free speech and how it plays out on college campuses. Sykes is a strong proponent of the First Amendment and said he’s aware of and “frustrated” by the many examples of public and private universities invoking free speech rights in response to incidents of racism or hateful speech from students. He believes it’s a way for administrators to say “our hands are tied” and sometimes shirk their responsibility to meaningfully respond to such incidents, which can leave students of color, in particular, feeling hurt and unsafe, Sykes said. Read more.
Pakistan: Smear campaign against Dr. Arfana Mallah
International Federation for Human Rights, 06/23
The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders has been informed by reliable sources about the smear campaign against Dr. Arfana Mallah, a professor of chemistry at the University of Sindh Jamshoro, a prominent women’s rights activist, and a member of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP), based in Hyderabad, Sindh Province. According to the information received, on June 10, 2020, Dr. Arfana Mallah expressed her dismay on Twitter when a colleague at Shah Abdul Latif University in Khairpur, Sindh Province, was arrested on charges of blasphemy and sedition. Within hours, Dr. Mallah was subjected to a vicious campaign led by clerics with the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam party and, subsequently, the Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan, who sought to have Dr. Mallah charged with blasphemy. Read more.
Trump expands immigration restrictions
Elizabeth Redden, Inside Higher Education, 06/23
President Trump signed an executive order Monday suspending entry to the U.S. by foreign nationals through a number of nonimmigrant work visa programs, including the H-1B program for skilled workers, which many colleges use to hire faculty and postdoctoral scholars. The order, which extends through Dec. 31, also suspends certain subcategories of J-exchange visitor visas by denying entry to those wanting to participate in internship, trainee, teacher, camp counselor, au pair and summer work travel programs. It does not affect visa holders coming to the U.S. as college students, professors and research scholars through the same program. Read more.
Colleen Flaherty, Inside Higher Education, 06/22
No one is guaranteed tenure. But two black scholars at the University of Virginia who are appealing negative tenure decisions say their processes were significantly flawed, and that the work they were hired to do appears to have counted against them in the end. Beyond flawed processes, the accounts raise questions about possible racial bias on the part of all-white tenure committees and other key evaluators. In this way, the cases echo the recent #BlackintheIvory Twitter campaign, in which black academics recalled having their work questioned and their contributions undercut more than their white colleagues’. Read more.
Hungarian protesters fear govt control in arts university’s overhaul
Anita Komuves, Krisztina Fenyo and Balazs Kaufmann, Reuters, 06/21
Hundreds of Hungarians protested on Sunday against the planned reform of the prestigious University of Theatre and Film Arts which they fear will bring the school further under government control.The protesters, many of them university students and staff, actors and writers, carried placards and made speeches in front of the main building denouncing the planned changes. “The government has already damaged Hungarian culture a great deal and we have to raise our voice against what they are planning to do now,” said Jozsef Mate, a theatre fan at the protest. A bill introduced in parliament on May 26 would transfer the ownership of the state-run institution, which goes back 155 years, to a private foundation. Read more.
Chinese professor banned from teaching over Hong Kong protest comments
Zhuang Pinghui, South China Morning Post, 06/20
A university in central China has banned one of its professors from teaching after she expressed sympathies online for Hong Kong’s anti-government protesters and the country’s official position on Japan’s wartime activities. Hubei University’s Communist Party committee announced on Saturday that Liang Yanping, a professor of literary criticism at the university’s school of Chinese language and literature, had been expelled from the party for publishing “wrong remarks concerning Hong Kong and Japan”. Read more.
Elizabeth Redden, Inside Higher Education, 06/18
The Supreme Court ruled Thursday that the Trump administration’s decision to end the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program was “arbitrary and capricious” under the Administrative Procedure Act, and that the decision to end it must be vacated. The decision returns the issue to the Department of Homeland Security and means the Trump administration cannot immediately end the DACA program, which provides protection against deportation and work authorization for hundreds of thousands of undocumented immigrants who were brought to the U.S. as children. An estimated 454,000 undocumented immigrant college students comprise roughly 2 percent of the U.S. higher education system. About half — 216,000 — are eligible for the DACA program. Read more.
Bolsonaro’s “anti-intellectualist policy” compromises academic freedom, writes researcher [Portugese]
Jorge Barcellos, Zero Hora, 06/18
Jair Bolsonaro’s attempt to intervene in the appointment of deans for universities was rejected by Congress on the 12th, which forced the president to back down from his position, but this initiative should not go unnoticed. It is not the first time that the federal government has attacked higher education institutions (HEIs). In 2019, Education Minister Abraham Weintraub, accused the universities of making a “mess”, blocked 30% of the budget allocations and, a year later, excluded the humanities area from federal scientific initiation grants. To imagine the most recent government intervention as an isolated act, which will end with the Legislative’s refusal, is a mistake. It is part of a project to repress academic freedom. Committed to science, the university has become an enemy of the president – a community whose freedom needs to be curtailed. Read more.
Romania gender studies ban: Students slam new law as going ‘back to the Middle Ages’
Alice Tidey, Euro News, 06/17
Romanian academics, students and human rights groups have condemned a new law banning gender identity studies in schools and universities and accused lawmakers of wanting to send the country’s education “back to the Middle Ages”. The law approved on Tuesday by Romanian lawmakers would ban all educational institutions from “propagating theories and opinion on gender identity according to which gender is a separate concept from biological sex”. Several higher education institutions have harshly condemned the legislation, including the University of Bucharest, which said in a statement that “it contradicts fundamental rights guaranteed by the Romania Constitution and international conventions of which Romania is a party to”. Read more.
China: Scrap national security law to save Hong Kong freedoms
Human Rights Watch, 06/17
China’s proposed national security law for Hong Kong is a devastating assault on human rights and should be abandoned, more than 86 civil society organizations groups said today in a letter to Li Zhanshu, chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPCSC). The proposed national security legislation is likely to be discussed at the NPCSC session from June 18 to 20, 2020, or at a special session by the end of June. The proposed law could come into force soon afterward, and quickly be used to crack down on Hong Kong’s freedoms. Read more.
Sajid Soomro: Another Pakistani academic falls victims to blasphemy law
S. Khan, Deutsche Welle, 06/16
Sajid Soomro, a Pakistani professor of Sindhi literature at Khairpur’s Shah Abdul Latif University in Sindh province, was arrested on June 10. Police filed a blasphemy case against Soomro under the Pakistan Penal Code. He has since been detained and is awaiting trial. The professor is known to Pakistani authorities for his dissenting views and criticisms of the country’s most powerful clerics. Read more.
India: Human rights defenders targeted by a coordinated spyware operation
Amnesty International, 06/15
Amnesty International and the Citizen Lab have uncovered a coordinated spyware campaign targeting at least nine human rights defenders (HRDs) in India. These targets include activists, lawyers, academics, and journalists. Between January and October 2019, each of the targets were sent spearphishing emails containing malicious links that, if opened, would have installed NetWire, a commercially available spyware. A spearphishing attack is a targeted attempt to install a spyware (a malicious software) on the victim’s computer or smartphone. Spearphishing is generally performed by sending very carefully crafted and personalized emails to the target, often impersonating colleagues or loved ones. Read more.
Is Zoom safe for Chinese students?
Elizabeth Redden, Inside Higher Education, 06/12
China studies scholars say they are worried about teaching on the online meeting platform Zoom after multiple news outlets reported that the company temporarily shut down the account of a U.S.-based dissident after he organized a commemoration of the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre on Zoom. The company confirmed that it ended three Zoom meetings commemorating the Tiananmen Square massacre and terminated the host accounts associated with those meetings — one in Hong Kong and two in the U.S. — after the Chinese government informed Zoom the gatherings were illegal in China. Zoom said the accounts have been reinstated. Read more.
Released from Iranian prison, U.S. student Xiyue Wang says he was held as a ‘hostage’
Colin Dwyer, NPR Morning Edition, 06/11
Until his release in December, American student Xiyue Wang spent more than three years behind bars in Iran — not because Iranian authorities hoped to glean any information from him, he says, but because they believed he would be useful in their negotiations with the U.S. Wang, a U.S. citizen and graduate student at Princeton University, was released in a prisoner exchange between the two countries. Read more.
Lilah Burke, Inside Higher Education, 06/11
Only 3 percent of bachelor’s degrees in physics go to black students. In 2017 some fields, such as structural engineering and atmospheric physics, graduated not a single black Ph.D. On Wednesday, over 4,500 STEM faculty and students pledged to forgo research and meetings to instead focus on a day of action dedicated to protecting black lives and dismantling antiblack systems in academe and STEM. Read more.
No NLRB jurisdiction at religious colleges
Colleen Flaherty, Inside Higher Education, 06/11
Reversing a precedent set by the Obama-era National Labor Relations Board, President Trump’s appointed board on Wednesday said it doesn’t have jurisdiction over faculty members at religious colleges and universities. The decision, concerning Bethany College, a Lutheran liberal arts institution in Kansas, heartened some religious education groups and First Amendment hawks who believe that the NLRB, a government entity, should have no say in how religiously affiliated campuses are run. Read more.
University professor arrested under blasphemy charges
Sameer Mandhro, The Express Tribune, 06/10
A professor of Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur, was arrested by the local police under blasphemy charges on Wednesday. Prof Sajid Soomro, who is also a writer known for his books on Sindhi-Mohajir unity, was arrested from his house in Ali Murad Mohalla, Khairpur city. Condemning Soomro’s arrest and the charges against him, activists, writers and members of civil society demanded that the Sindh government initiate an inquiry into the registration for such a case against a university teacher. Read more.
Provisional measure empowers MEC to appoint university presidents during pandemic
Abraham Weintraub, Sul21, 06/10
President Jair Bolsonaro published on Tuesday (9) a Provisional Measure (MP) that empowers the Ministry of Education to appoint pro tempore rectors to federal universities, federal institutes and to Colégio Pedro II during the new coronavirus pandemic. Currently, the choice of the directors of the institutions is made in consultation with the academic community. In the case of universities, although the custom is to nominate the candidate with the most votes in the consultation, the president can choose the nominee from a triple list sent by each institution. In the case of institutes, the one chosen by the community is endorsed by the president. Read more.
What does the future hold for Hong Kong’s universities?
Futao Huang, University World News, 06/09
Since late May, the proposed National People’s Congress’ national security law on Hong Kong has been the subject of controversy. Although full details of the law or its effect in Hong Kong are not known yet, some mainly pro-China celebrities and social media posts and some major businesses who may be worried about repercussions have claimed that the law will not threaten Hong Kong’s autonomy or violate international agreements. In contrast, Western countries like the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada and the European Union have criticised it on the grounds that it goes against China’s ‘one country, two systems’ principle and violates or diminishes Hong Kong’s autonomy and freedom as set out in the Sino-British Joint Declaration. Read more.
Ghana is considering a new law to govern universities. Why it’s a bad idea
Kwadwo Appiagyei-Atua, The Conversation, 06/08
Academic freedom is supposed to enable academics to conduct scientific enquiry and produce knowledge to be used for the public good. Academics need it so that they can meet their obligation to society. And the state has a corresponding duty to respect this freedom and protect it from abuse. Read more.
Macron demands Iran release French-Iranian academic Fariba Adelkhah
AFP via France 24, 06/05
France on Friday urged Iran to release French-Iranian academic Fariba Adelkhah as she marked one year behind bars, with supporters charging she is being used as a bargaining chip by Tehran in a political game.Adelkhah, an anthropologist specialising in Shia Islam, was arrested on June 5, 2019, and has been in prison ever since. Last month she was given a five-year sentence after being convicted on national security charges. She is one of several foreigners and dual nationals being held by Iran in what activists condemn as a policy of hostage-taking aimed at pressuring the West. Read more.
University to investigate professor who tweeted about ‘Black privilege’
Michael Levenson, The New York Times, 06/05
The University of Central Florida said on Thursday that it had opened an investigation into complaints of bias against a professor who made comments on Twitter this week that were roundly condemned as racist. The professor, Charles Negy, is a prolific commentator on Twitter and the author of a book titled “White Shaming: Bullying Based on Prejudice, Virtue-Signaling, and Ignorance.” The university said on Thursday it was investigating his Twitter posts as well as accusations of bias in Dr. Negy’s classroom. Read more.
Academic freedom is under pressure in Irish universities
William Reville, The Irish Times, 06/04
Academic freedom is essential to the university’s mission of discovering new knowledge and teaching existing knowledge to students. It is unfortunately under threat worldwide from pressures both internal and external to the academy. Read more.
Police fired for injuring Spelman and Morehouse students
Greta Anderson, Inside Higher Education, 06/03
The mayor of Atlanta fired two city police officers over the weekend who forcibly removed two black college students from their car, tased and arrested them without explanation on May 30. Four other officers also involved in the incident have been charged with assorted counts of aggravated assault and battery, the Atlanta Journal-Constitution and several national media outlets reported Tuesday. Taniyah Pilgrim, a 20-year-old Spelman College student, and Messiah Young, 22, who attends Morehouse College, were stuck in traffic in the city on the second night of public unrest over the death of George Floyd after the city’s newly instated 9 p.m. curfew, when officers shattered Young’s car windows and aggressively took both students into custody, according to news reports. Read more.
Hong Kong campuses ‘could be the target’ for China’s security law
Joyce Lau, Times Higher Education, 06/03
Demonstrations have erupted in Hong Kong again after a period of relative calm, just as schools are reopening and universities are preparing for in-person summer courses after four months of Covid-19 closures. In late May, the Hong Kong police arrested nearly 400 protesters, about half of whom were students, prompting fears of both political repression and a potential resumption of demonstrations. Universities in the region are still reeling from damage caused by clashes between students and the police last November. Read more.
Students demand that more colleges break ties with the local police
Katherine Mangan, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 06/02
Calls to limit ties between colleges and local police forces grew stronger this week as student leaders from at least three more universities demanded that they follow the University of Minnesota’s lead and take strong stands against police violence and institutional racism. In a letter to Ohio State University officials on Monday, leaders of three student organizations called on the university’s police department to cut its contractual ties to the Columbus Police Department for all on-campus investigations, services, and events. They criticized the city police department’s decision to use wooden bullets, tear gas, and pepper spray to disperse protesters last week after largely peaceful protests became heated. Read more.
Academic freedom for American college’s China program
Elizabeth Redden, Inside Higher Education, 06/02
Faculty at Franklin & Marshall College, a liberal arts college in Pennsylvania, have raised academic freedom concerns about a planned F&M semester program in Shanghai designed to teach first-year Chinese students who may not be able to make it to campus due to the pandemic. Students in the Shanghai program will take online classes with professors at F&M, a college with an especially international student body: between 20 and 25 percent of its students are from overseas, with most coming from China. Read more.
Scientists rush to defend Venezuelan colleagues threatened over coronavirus study
Rodrigo Pérez Ortega, Science Magazine, 06/02
Scientific and human rights groups in Venezuela and abroad have rushed to defend the Venezuelan Academy of Physical, Mathematical and Natural Sciences (ACFIMAN) after a high-level government official suggested raids or arrests to punish the academy for “causing alarm” in a report that suggested the country’s coronavirus epidemic is far worse than official numbers show. In the unsigned 18-page report, released on 8 May, scientists at ACFIMAN used mathematical models to estimate the current and future size of the epidemic in the country. Read more.
Alarm over universities’ backing of national security law
Yojana Sharma, University World News, 06/02
The heads of the governing councils of Hong Kong’s eight publicly funded universities have backed a plan announced by Beijing last month to impose a national security law on the city, in an act that many academics see as ‘doing Beijing’s bidding’. Some fear such statements on policies from Beijing emanating from universities could lead to the politicisation of institutions in Hong Kong, which are already polarised between pro-democracy and pro-Beijing groups. Read more.
New restrictions for Chinese students with military university ties
Elizabeth Redden, Inside Higher Education, 05/29
The Trump administration plans to cancel the visas of Chinese graduate students and researchers who have direct ties to universities in China affiliated with the People’s Liberation Army, a decision that will only affect a small percentage of the approximately 370,000 Chinese students studying in the U.S. The move was praised by some as a smart approach to mitigating the risk of theft of sensitive research and criticized by others as an overly blunt and likely ineffective measure that could open the door for further restrictions on Chinese students. Read more.
U.S. to expel Chinese graduate students with ties to China’s military schools
Edward Wong and Julian Barnes, The New York Times, 05/28
The Trump administration plans to cancel the visas of thousands of Chinese graduate students and researchers in the United States who have direct ties to universities affiliated with the People’s Liberation Army, according to American officials with knowledge of the discussions. The plan would be the first designed to bar the access of a category of Chinese students, who, over all, form the single largest foreign student population in the United States. Read more.
Minister denies threat to academic freedom of medical scientist
Sharon Dell, University World News, 05/27
South Africa’s Minister of Health Zweli Mkhize this week denied there had been any interference with academic freedom in the case of Professor Glenda Gray, head of the South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC), whose critical public comments about the government’s lockdown regulations drew calls from a government bureaucrat for an investigation. Read more.
Law lecturer’s dismissal over exam question raises concerns
Tunde Fatunde, University World News, 05/26
Dr Nkongho Felix Agbor Balla, formerly a lecturer in the faculty of law at the University of Buea, an English-speaking university in a predominantly French-speaking region, was suspended by his university following a complaint by the Minister of Higher Education Professor Jacques Fame Ndongo to the university’s vice-chancellor, Professor Ngomo Horace Manga, about a question he set in a law paper. Read more.
Over 600 citizens call for temporary release of Sudha Bharadwaj, Shoma Sen from Byculla jail
The Wire, 05/25
In a memorandum to the high powered committee headed by Justice AA Sayed, a statement endorsed by over 600 civil society members, comprising of activists, lawyers and academicians, has called for the release of lawyer and activist Sudha Bharadwaj and academic Shoma Sen, both of whom are currently lodged at the Byculla Jail in Mumbai. Read more.
Nigeria-based students cut off as universities resume work
Samuel Okocha, University World News, 05/25
While the higher education system in Benin is getting back to work, after the government said the ban on classes to fight the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic would end on 11 May, the ongoing closure of the border with Nigeria is creating problems for private institutions and their students. While the public higher education sector has quickly returned to teaching, partly leveraging a new remote learning system, private universities in the francophone West African country have struggled to return to normal, with one major obstacle being cross-border movement controls imposed on international students from Nigeria, who have been a key component of their classes. Read more.
US scrutiny of Israel’s China ties extends to universities
Bloomberg News via University World News, 05/23
Israeli academics’ ties with China are on the United States’ radar, according to two people familiar with the matter, adding new pressure on its Middle Eastern ally to cool relations with Beijing, writes Ivan Levingston for Bloomberg News. Academic projects involving technology research and development are a focus, one of the people said. While there has been no discussion of possible penalties or incentives to get Israel to dial down relations with Chinese universities, the person said, the US is Israel’s top benefactor and cannot be ignored. Read more.
Chinese scholars pressured over criticism of state on Covid-19
Joyce Lau, Times Higher Education, 05/22
Concerns have been raised about the treatment of Chinese academics deemed to have strayed from official narratives about the Covid-19 pandemic. According to news reports and testimony from some of those involved, there has been an increase in online harassment and censorship, and in some cases interventions by universities and the police, as Beijing bristles against international criticism. Read more.
University of Queensland to ban foreign diplomats from gaining honorary positions
Ben Smee, The Guardian, 05/22
The University of Queensland has banned foreign diplomats from being awarded honorary academic positions, after comments by a senior Chinese official who praised the “spontaneous patriotic behaviour” of pro-Beijing protesters involved in a campus brawl last year. The university’s chancellor, Peter Varghese, told Guardian Australia the controversial statement released in June last year by China’s consul-general in Brisbane, Xu Jie, was “unacceptable” and would have breached its code of conduct. Read more.
Recent developments in Turkey targeting Istanbul Şehir University
Middle East Studies Association, 05/20
The Middle East Studies Association’s Committee on Academic Freedom issued a letter regarding recent developments affecting Istanbul Şehir University that have compromised the university’s governance and autonomy and now threaten it with closure as a result of an apparently politically motivated campaign by the Turkish government. Read more.
University of Queensland holds hearing behind closed doors to consider expulsion of student involved in China protest actions
George Roberts and Holly Richardson, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 05/20
The Australia director at Human Rights Watch, Elaine Pearson, said the perceived persecution of a student activist by a university could have lasting effects on student activism. “I think students might then have to think long and hard about the heavy price that they might pay for holding protests on campus,” she said. Read more.
Exigency outlook uncertain
Rick Seltzer, Inside Higher Education, 05/19
So far, only a few institutions have taken the step of declaring financial exigency, which enables institutions to lay off tenured faculty members under American Association of University Professors guidelines. Still, colleges and universities have signaled that they’re willing to take other steps to make deep cuts without a formal exigency declaration. That’s sparking concern from the AAUP, which argues exigency rules exist in part to protect academic freedom. Read more.
Fears raised over scope of OfS’ crisis regulatory powers
Anna McKie, Times Higher Education, 05/19
University leaders and experts in higher education policy and law have warned that the proposals put forward by England’s regulator to stabilise the sector during the coronavirus pandemic are “alarmingly broad” and threaten the autonomy of institutions. On 4 May, the Office for Students (OfS) announced that it was consulting on a new regulatory condition, allowing it to intervene where universities “act in ways that undermine students’ interests or threaten the stability of England’s higher education sector during the crisis”. Read more.
At least 238 writers and intellectuals were detained for their work last year, advocacy group says
Siobhán O’Grady, The Washington Post, 05/19
At least 238 writers, academics and intellectuals around the world were detained in connection to their work last year, according to a report released Tuesday by PEN America, a freedom of expression advocacy group. The imprisonments and detentions occurred in 34 countries, although the majority took place in just three — China, Saudi Arabia and Turkey. Those same countries are also among the top jailers of journalists worldwide, according to the 2019 Committee to Protect Journalists prison census. Read more.
Trump drags US universities into virus battle with China
Paul Basken, Times Higher Education, 05/18
The Trump administration is pulling US universities into its coronavirus-driven excoriation of China, warning of Chinese attempts to steal research findings that could help the country reap the political reward of being first to find a vaccine. US university leaders have long agreed that Chinese espionage represents a threat. But they have warned the administration and its congressional allies that the methods and tone they adopt in addressing the threat could harm the far greater contributions of Chinese nationals to the overall US scientific enterprise − in terms of international collaboration on vital coronavirus research and potential damage to Chinese enrolments at US universities. Read more.
Iran sentences French academic to 6 years in prison
Arab News, 05/16
An Iranian court has sentenced a prominent researcher with dual French-Iranian citizenship to six years in prison on security charges, her lawyer said on Saturday. Fariba Adelkhah was sentenced to five years for “gathering and collusion” against the country’s security and one year for “spreading propaganda” against the Islamic system, her lawyer, Saeed Dehghan, told the AP. Dehghan said Adelkhah will appeal the ruling. Read more.
Historian complies with Pofma order but says he will challenge it
Tham Yuen-C, The Straits Times, 05/15
Historian Thum Ping Tjin has put up a correction notice on his Facebook page alongside his online video on Singapore’s fake news laws, complying with correction directions he received on Wednesday, but only after receiving a warning. While he had put up a notice on the New Naratif website he founded, he had not done so on his Facebook page by the deadline set by the Pofma (Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Act) Office until he received a warning from the office. Read more.
Science ‘risks coronavirus backlash’ as it is drawn into politics
David Matthews, Times Higher Education, 05/14
Trust in science could sour in the pandemic crisis, especially if politicians try to pin blame for policy mistakes and the downsides of lockdowns on their scientific advisers, international science policy experts have warned. Although initial surveys in the UK and Germany suggest that trust in science has jumped, scientists advising governments on their response to the coronavirus have also been subject to death threats, newspaper exposés and online hate across a number of countries, leading some to fear that they could be held responsible for the economic and social damage wrought by national lockdowns that seek to halt the disease’s spread. Read more.
Recent amendments to law on higher education threaten academic freedom
Turkey: The University Faculty Members Association (ÜNİVDER) has shared its opinions as to the recently amended law on higher education in a statement. “The Law Foreseeing Amendments to the Law on Higher Education and Some Laws” was drafted by the Council of Higher Education (YÖK), passed by the Parliament and published on the Official Gazette on April 17. In its nine-page statement shared with the public yesterday (May 13), the Association has noted that “the law on higher education does not comply with the mindset of universities and restricts academic autonomy as well as freedom of expression and freedom of thought.” Read more.
Was this professor dangerous?
Emma Pettit, Chronicle of Higher Education, 05/13
At Utah Valley, Shively’s case became a Rorschach test. With little detail into the initial allegations, a group of faculty members saw the shape of something that seemed wrong: a protracted investigation of a tenured professor without due process. They questioned why suspension was warranted and why Shively’s classroom practices were under scrutiny. Academic freedom is an ideal treasured by professors, and universities vow to protect it. The classroom is the instructor’s domain. But that freedom doesn’t exist in a vacuum. Read more.
Government targets academic critics of COVID-19 response
Yojana Sharma, University World News, 05/12
Two Chinese academics are under investigation by their universities and a third has been arrested in recent weeks for criticising the handling of the coronavirus outbreak and lockdown in China. COVID-19 originated in Wuhan, in China’s central Hubei province, at the end of last year. Read more.
Cameroon pressures university to fire anglophone-rights advocate and lecturer
Human Rights Foundation, 05/12
The Human Rights Foundation (HRF) condemns the regime of Cameroon’s dictator Paul Biya for orchestrating last week’s dismissal of human rights lawyer Felix Agbor Nkongho from the University of Buea, in retaliation for his activism in defense of the rights of Cameroon’s Anglophone minority. Read more.
Colleen Flaherty, Inside Higher Education, 05/11
Online proctoring has surged during the coronavirus pandemic, and so too have concerns about the practice, in which students take exams under the watchful eyes (human or automated) of third-party programs.Chief among faculty and student concerns are student privacy and increasing test anxiety via a sense of being surveilled. Read more.
Mergers and ‘FE future’ predicted for some English universities
Jack Grove, Times Higher Education, 05/11
English universities at risk of financial collapse will receive significant government assistance only if they agree to merge or to accept a “further education future”, vice-chancellors have predicted.Some fear that the reintroduction of student number controls − which allow universities to recruit 5 per cent more this autumn than they did last year − signals the Treasury’s intention to intervene far more in higher education, which might include denying some institutions access to research funding. Read more.
Racist attack disrupts virtual graduation
Elizabeth Redden, Inside Higher Education, 05/11
Oklahoma City University’s virtual graduation ceremony on Saturday was disrupted by a “hate-filled attack” from an unknown person who displayed racist and offensive language, the Methodist university reported. KFOR, an Oklahoma City-based television station affiliated with NBC, reported that someone broadcast a racial slur and swastika as a student gave a blessing at the virtual ceremony, which was hosted via the online meeting platform Zoom. Read more.
Contradictions on free speech
Greta Anderson, Inside Higher Education, 05/05
Students continue to have a conflicting view of how speech should be managed on college campuses. A majority of them say certain offensive language should be restricted, but they also agree it is important to be exposed to all types of speech during college, according to a new survey report. The report, released Tuesday and based on a survey conducted in 2019 by the Knight Foundation and Gallup, is the third in a series of reports that measures students’ knowledge of and value for the First Amendment. Read more.
EU lawmakers call for online exam proctoring privacy probe
David Matthews, Times Higher Education, 05/05
European lawmakers have demanded an investigation into whether online proctoring software violates student privacy rights, arguing that it is unfair for universities to force students to use exam monitoring tools that capture their personal biometric data. The coronavirus pandemic has spurred many universities to turn to software such as Proctorio, used by about 500 institutions globally, mainly in the US, to stop students cheating when sitting online exams at home. Read more.
MMfD submits response to UNSR on Academic Freedom and the Freedom of Opinion and Expression in Pakistan
Zoya Rehman, Digital Rights Monitor, 05/04
Media Matters for Democracy (MMfD) submitted its response to the UN Special Rapporteur on the protection and promotion of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, David Kaye, regarding the threats to and scope, promotion and enforcement of academic freedom in Pakistan. The concerned Special Rapporteur is currently studying the scope and protection of academic freedom as a component of the right to freedom of opinion and expression. Read more.
Opinion: Iran is using the pandemic as cover for cracking down on intellectuals
Eugene Chudnovsky, The Washington Examiner, 05/04
Poor management of the COVID-19 pandemic (that Iran has blamed on the United States and Israel) has led to sharp criticism of the country’s leaders by Iran’s intellectual elite. On March 29, 100 Iranian academics signed a letter to the supreme leader, accusing him of being “the No. 1 culprit in the COVID-19 pandemic becoming a national disaster.” Overcrowded Iranian prisons, with their unsanitary conditions, have become the breeding grounds for the coronavirus. Read more.
Iran sentences student to six years in prison, 74 lashes for joining protests
Yaghoub Fazeli, Al Arabiya English, 05/02
An Iranian student has been sentenced to six years in prison and 74 lashes for taking part in Iran’s January protests after the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) admitted to shooting down a Ukrainian passenger plane. Iranians took to the streets in early 2020 to protest the regime after it admitted to shooting down a Ukrainian airliner, killing all 176 people, having denied responsibility for several days. Read more.
Europe: Universities beyond the coronavirus crisis – What awaits?
Michael Murphy, University World News, 05/02
The coronavirus crisis has challenged universities in many new ways; being places that gather many people, they cannot open their doors to students, but this does not mean that they are closed. In a short time, many have moved their learning and teaching online. For a sector serving more than 20 million students in Europe, this is no small feat. Read more.
Opinion: Universities run on disposable scholars
Musa al-Gharbi, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 05/01
Crises like the continuing Covid-19 pandemic often serve to clarify the state of the societies and institutions they impact, highlighting dynamics that have long been present but have gone unnoticed or underdiscussed. Higher ed is no exception. At colleges nationwide, institutional responses to the pandemic underscore just how much the ordinary lifestyles of tenured faculty are premised on the production and exploitation of “disposable scholars.” Read more.
An incentive for more freedom [German]
German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), 04/30
Prof. Dr. Katrin Kinzelbach from FAU Erlangen-Nürnberg and an international team of researchers collected the most comprehensive data set on freedom of science worldwide to date. In the Free Universities report , she and the team also launched a new academic freedom index, the Academic Freedom Index (AFi). In an interview, the political scientist explains how the investigation came about, what results surprised her and how the findings can be used. Read more.
University expels hundreds of students during lockdown
Nick Holdsworth, University World News, 04/30
A Russian university has been criticised for expelling and evicting students from campus dormitories during the coronavirus pandemic lockdown. Moscow’s Russian State Social University expelled and evicted at least 200 of its 1,568 students in mid-April, according to a report in the student newspaper Doxa. The university claimed the students were expelled for failing their exams and therefore were asked to leave their university-owned accommodation. Read more.
When knowledge is banned
Linda Marie Rustad and Sunniva Folgen Høiskar, Kilden, 04/28
Today we see that gender researchers’ freedom to research, study and teach gender and sexuality is under pressure in several places in the world. Amongst other things, the pressure comes from ‘anti-gender’ movements. According to Andrea Pëto, researcher at Central European University, the resistance towards gender is a unifying factor for right wing populists and conservative religious movements in their common opposition towards gender equality and sexual minority rights. Read more.
Prominent scholars threaten to boycott colleges that don’t support contingent faculty during pandemic
Megan Zahneis, Chronicle of Higher Education, 04/28
To account for the effects of the pandemic on scholars’ professional and personal lives, hundreds of institutions have extended their tenure clocks, giving junior faculty members extra time to prepare their dossiers. A similar courtesy ought to be afforded to their non-tenure-track and graduate-student colleagues, say a group of prominent academics. More than 70 scholars are among the initial signatories to an academic-solidarity statement that promises not to accept invitations — for speaking engagements, conferences, and workshops — at institutions that do not “include non-tenure-track faculty and graduate workers in extensions of fixed-term contracts.” Read more.
University professor criticized the regime on his social networks and was arrested by Conas
El Nacionale, 04/28
A university professor was arrested for criticizing the Nicolás Maduro regime on social media. In the publications, he referred to the lack of fuel and the food shortages that occur in Nueva Esparta and throughout Venezuela. Fernando Antonio Marcano Ferrer was detained by the National Anti-Extortion and Kidnapping Command of the Venezuelan National Guard. The crime he is charged with is that of instigating hatred. Read more.
China warns Australia of student boycott
John Ross, Times Higher Education, 04/28
China has flagged a possible boycott of Australian universities, as bilateral tensions rise over Australia’s call for an independent inquiry into the origins of the coronavirus. China’s ambassador to Australia, Cheng Jingye, said Australia risked inflaming resentment among Chinese parents by “teaming up with…forces in Washington to launch a kind of political campaign against China”. The remarks suggest that geopolitical tensions, long considered the factor most likely to undermine Chinese enrolments in Australia, could stifle the resurgence of student flows after travel bans are lifted. Read more.
Hong Kong police chief tells university to look into lecturer’s televised comments slamming force’s protest performance
Phila Siu and Chan Ho-him, South China Morning Post, 04/27
Hong Kong police chief Chris Tang Ping-keung has written to the Education University demanding the institution “seriously follow up” on televised comments by a lecturer, who argued the force had caused a “humanitarian crisis” with its handling of the anti-government protests last year. The letter, sent to university president Stephen Cheung Yan-leung on Friday, followed the Communications Authority watchdog ruling earlier that week, that lecturer Sam Choi Chun-wai’s remarks on a November RTHK programme were unfair to police and could be considered hate speech. Read more.
Organizations call for release of Iran’s female prisoners of conscience and political prisoners
Ewelina U. Ochab, Forbes, 04/27
On April 22, 2020, a broad coalition of international human rights organizations and the Vice President of the European Parliament published an open letter calling for the immediate release of Iran’s female prisoners of conscience and political prisoners, who have been left out of the recent mass furloughs during the Covid19 pandemic. Over the recent weeks, the Iranian authorities reportedly temporarily released close to 100,000 prisoners of conscience to mitigate the spread of Covid19. However, many high-profile prisoners of conscience continue to be imprisoned. Read more.
The end of the Harvard century
Matteo N. Wong, The Harvard Crimson, 04/23
Teng Biao, who has cropped black hair and rectangular, wire-framed glasses, was preparing to drive to Logan International Airport on March 10, 2015, when he received a phone call from a “powerful person” at Harvard. Teng was then a visiting fellow at Harvard Law School. A Chinese dissident and human rights lawyer, he has criticized the Chinese Communist Party for human rights violations since the early 2000s. Read more.
New report exposes arbitrary detention and torture of university student activists
Fortify Rights, 04/23/20
The new joint report, “Our Demands are for All Students”: Violations of Students’ Rights in Mandalay, Myanmar, documents how Myanmar authorities arbitrarily arrested university students, tortured students in detention, and prevented students from exercising their rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly. The government has failed to provide remedies to affected students as well as hundreds of other former political prisoners freed or released since 2015, including those freed last week. Read more.
Is pass-fail an equity issue?
Elizabeth Redden, Inside Higher Education, 04/22
Students at Georgia’s public colleges and universities are petitioning for a pass-fail grading policy at their institutions this semester, arguing it is a matter of equity given the starkly different living and working situations students find themselves in following the suspension of in-person classes due to the coronavirus pandemic. Many colleges have moved to mandatory or optional pass-fail policies for the spring semester, but the University System of Georgia has resisted appeals for a pass-fail option, saying it trusts faculty to grade students effectively and that maintaining high academic standards matters. Read more.
Report: Public universities censor social media speech
Greta Anderson, Inside Higher Education, 04/22
A majority of public colleges and universities filter language in posts on their Facebook pages, and some ban specific words to limit public criticism, according to a new survey of about 200 public institutions released by the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education, or FIRE, a civil liberties watchdog group. Read more.
Lawyer of Iranian-French academic being tried in Tehran raises hopes for her freedom
Radio Free Europe, 04/19
The lawyer of an Iranian-French academic being tried in Tehran on security charges says he expects the court in charge of the case to issue its ruling in the coming days. Fariba Adelkhah’s lawyer told AFP by telephone that Branch 15 of Tehran’s Revolutionary Court held a session in her trial on April 19 — the second since her trial began last month. Describing the hearing as “satisfactory,” the lawyer, Said Dehghan, raised hopes for Adelkhah’s freedom and said he expected the court’s decision within a week. Read more.
Universities must help shape the post-COVID-19 world
Ira Harkavy, Sjur Bergan, Tony Gallagher and Hilligje van’t Land, University World News, 04/18
The post-COVID-19 world must be based on the values we cherish: democracy, human rights and the rule of law as well as social justice, inclusion and equity. Higher education can add momentum by renewing our commitment to our core values of academic freedom, institutional autonomy and engagement by students, faculty and staff, and re-emphasising the role of higher education institutions as societal actors for the public good. Read more.
Amid pandemic, Hong Kong arrests major pro-democracy figures
Elaine Yu and Austin Ramzy, New York Times, 04/18
The arrests signaled a broader crackdown on the antigovernment movement that roiled the semiautonomous city last year, one of the most significant challenges to Communist Party rule in decades. Beijing and pro-government supporters in the city have called for lawmakers to pass national security laws that residents worry would allow the mainland authorities to further encroach upon the territory’s civic freedoms. Read more.
UN urges Iran to “immediately release” political prisoners and dual, foreign nationals
Center for Human Rights in Iran, 04/17
UN human rights experts* today called on Iran to expand its temporary release of thousands of detainees to include prisoners of conscience and dual and foreign nationals still being held despite serious risk of COVID-19 infection. The country has been hit hard by COVID-19, with Health Ministry officials reporting one person dies every 10 minutes from the virus. Read more.
University of Queensland takes disciplinary action against pro-Hong Kong student activist
Ben Smee, The Guardian, 04/16
The University of Queensland has taken disciplinary action against a prominent pro-Hong Kong student activist, who faces expulsion in relation to a series of satirical stunts, social media posts and criticisms of the vice-chancellor. Drew Pavlou, a member of the UQ senate, was this week sent a series of misconduct allegations against him and told to attend a disciplinary board hearing, where a decision maker would have the ability to terminate his enrolment. Read more.
University shutdowns bring new challenges to academic freedom
Wagdy Sawahel, University World News, 04/16
The range of containment measures imposed by national governments to counter the spread of the coronavirus pandemic has dramatically affected research, teaching and learning in African universities – in some cases leading to their suspension. In these unusual circumstances, what are the implications for academic freedom? Read more.
Online learning in universities – A missed opportunity?
Florence Mayega Nakayiwa, University World News, 04/16
The Universities and other Tertiary Institutions Act 2001 as amended was intended to establish and develop a system governing institutions of higher education, while respecting the autonomy and academic freedom of the institutions, and widen the accessibility of high quality institutions to students wishing to pursue higher education. The act states that the minister may issue directives of a policy nature to all institutions of higher education, whether public or private. But where is the distinction between policy and the limitations to autonomy and academic freedom? Read more.
Online learning shift contends with Chinese internet restrictions
Joyce Lau, Times Higher Education, 04/15
The world’s mass shift to online learning is shining a more intense light on the Chinese government’s tight internet controls and is spurring new efforts by academics to provide students with unimpeded access to course materials. Some foreign universities now find themselves unable to engage fully with students who have returned to mainland China during the coronavirus pandemic. Read more.
India: Activists detained for peaceful dissent
Human Rights Watch, 04/15
Indian authorities on April 14, 2020 detained two rights activists who have been critics of government policies, Human Rights Watch said today. The government should immediately drop all charges under a counterterrorism law against Anand Teltumbde and Gautam Navlakha for allegedly inciting caste-based violence along with other activists during a demonstration in Maharashtra state in 2017. Read more.
Will the pandemic usher in an era of mass surveillance in higher education?
Alexander C. Kafka, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 04/14
Online learning and meeting apps are just one aspect of privacy in higher education brought to the fore by the Covid-19 pandemic. Some academics fear the spreading crisis will be used to justify accelerated growth in intrusive observation of faculty members and students, further eroding individual rights in the name of education and public health. Read more.
Turkey: Prison release law leaves innocent and vulnerable prisoners at risk of COVID-19
Amnesty International, 04/13
Responding to the passing of a new law which is expected to allow for the early release of up to 100,000 prisoners in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, but fails to cover many others who should be considered for release. These include those held in pretrial detention, i.e. those yet to be convicted of any crime; people convicted under overly broad anti-terrorism laws including journalists, lawyers, political and human rights activists who have been imprisoned merely for speaking out; and even those at heightened risk including older prisoners and those with underlying health conditions convicted under anti-terrorism laws. Read more.
Colleen Flaherty, Inside Higher Education, 04/10
Non-tenure-track professors are used to uncertainty about contract renewals. But the coronavirus and related hiring freezes represent an unprecedented threat to their careers. They’re increasingly refusing to quietly bear the brunt of the disruption. COVID-19 poses the greatest health risks to the most vulnerable. New petitions are asking institutions to stretch current appointments and renewal limits for all instructors teaching off the tenure track by at least a year. Read more.
We need to rethink what counts for tenure now
Joy Connolly, Inside Higher Education, 04/09
The evaluation process for faculty members coming up for tenure or reappointment is a murkier area. The Twitterverse came alive several weeks ago with calls to extend tenure clocks, and some universities, including Ohio State, rapidly announced yearlong extensions. Recently, 34 learned societies endorsed a strong statement by the American Sociological Association calling for the review and adjustment of faculty evaluation practices in light of the disruptions caused by COVID-19. The Modern Language Association has called for institutions to “pause the tenure clocks of junior faculty members” during this unprecedented crisis. Read more.
Concern over proposed changes to UCD’s academic freedom
Jack Power, The Irish Times, 04/09
University College Dublin (UCD) has dropped proposed changes to its academic freedom policy to allow for “different interpretations” of the concept due to the university’s expanding links to China and other countries, following a significant backlash from academics. The draft policy, seen by The Irish Times, states UCD must consider “the risk of tension” between its obligations to uphold academic freedom and “the strategic imperative to internationalise higher education”. Read more.
French academic Roland Marchal speaks out after nine months of detention in Iran
Christophe Boisbouvier and Franck Mathevon, France 24, 04/08
In an emotional interview with FRANCE 24’s partner radio stations RFI and Radio France, Roland Marchal, the French academic released last month after more than nine months in an Iranian jail, spoke out about his time in detention. Marchal’s partner, Fariba Adelkhah, who was arrested at the same time as him, remains in prison in Tehran. Read more.
Top economist calls for overhaul of India’s ‘Inspector Raj’ regime
Joyce Lau, Times Higher Education, 04/07
India’s powerful University Grants Commission (UGC), which controls funding and standards for the country’s nearly 1,000 higher education institutions, should be closed and replaced with a new Higher Education Promotion Commission (HEPC), a top Indian economist has proposed. Read more.
UK government to tackle foreign interference at universities
Will Nott, The PIE News, 04/07
The UK government will tackle foreign interference at British universities by working with Universities UK and by promoting the diversification of international students, according to a document obtained by The PIE News. In November 2019, a Foreign Affairs Committee inquiry found “alarming evidence” of Chinese interference on UK campuses, and that the Foreign and Commonwealth Office was failing to protect academic freedom in the country. Read more.
Fake news laws may ‘catch on’ during coronavirus
Ellie Bothwell, Times Higher Education, 04/06
The prevalence of fake news related to the coronavirus could be used by countries to justify new misinformation legislation that could harm academic freedom, scholars have warned. Earlier this month, Singapore’s communications and information minister S. Iswaran said that the use of fake news during the pandemic strengthened the government’s decision last year to introduce the Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Act (Pofma). Read more.
College professors say ‘Zoombombing’ is the latest weapon in attacks against higher education
Kate McGee, WBEZ Chicago, 04/03
As various aspects of society have shifted to online video platforms like Zoom for meetings and school during the COVID-19 shutdown, racist trolls have followed. While Zoombombing is widespread, college professors like Ahad feel it’s just the latest iteration of an effort by far right activists and trolls to dismantle higher education and attack professors of color. Read more.
When populism makes you sick [German]
Jörg Heeren, Informationsdienst Wissenschaft, 04/03
World Health Day on April 7th aims to draw attention to the importance of health care and disease prevention. But these goals are endangered in many countries, scientists from Bielefeld University state in a contribution in the scientific journal Science. According to the research team, the corona crisis shows how important fact-based research is and how dangerous it is for public health if indications by researchers and doctors about illnesses are politically suppressed. Read more.
‘Heaviness in the stomach’: A Uyghur daughter alone in America on her birthday during a pandemic
Darren Byler, Sup China, 04/01
Last month, Akida Pulat celebrated her birthday alone. It was her third birthday since her mother, Uyghur anthropologist Rahile Dawut, had disappeared in Northwest China. Akida worried that during the pandemic, her birthday would be especially hard for her mother. Read more.
World-renowned scientists express support for Bülent Şık
Over 600 world-renowned scientists, including Nobel laureates, have condemned the 15-month prison sentence given to bianet columnist, food engineer Asst. Prof. Bülent Şık for sharing the results of cancer research with the public. Read more.
US war on science ‘undermining war on coronavirus’
John Ross, Times Higher Education, 04/02
Derision of expertise has been concentrated in the US – but that’s where it matters most. The US administration’s war on expertise is imperilling the country’s people and jeopardising the global fight against Covid-19, according to former Australian chief scientist Penny Sackett. Read more.
The Coronavirus pandemic and the rise of Chinese civil society
Willy Wo-Lap Lam, The Jamestown Foundation, 04/01
On the surface, Chinese civil society actors—led by intellectuals, rights lawyers, and underground churchgoers—are being suppressed by draconian means. Yet, a number of brave activists have defied the censorship and oppression to have their voices heard. Tsinghua University professor Xu Zhangrun and a dozen-odd public intellectuals published a net-based appeal stating that “Freedom of expression starts today.” Apart from demanding proper treatment of victims of the pandemic, the petitioners asked for the establishment of a Dr. Li Wenliang Day, and a National Freedom of Expression Day. Read more.
Outrage over denial of amnesty for Turkish political prisoners
Bethan McKernan and Beril Eski, The Guardian, 03/31
Anger is growing in Turkey that while the government is preparing to grant amnesties to up to one third of the country’s prison population in order to combat the coronavirus pandemic, jailed human rights activists, journalists and opposition politicians will not be among those considered for early release. Read more.
Bangladesh: End wave of COVID-19 ‘rumor’ arrests
Human Rights Watch, 03/31
The Bangladesh government appears to be cracking down on free speech as COVID-19 hits the country, silencing concerns over the government’s handling of the epidemic, Human Rights Watch said today. Authorities should stop targeting academics and arresting people for speaking out about the epidemic, and ensure that accurate and timely information about the virus is accessible and available to all. Since mid-March 2020, authorities have apparently arrested at least a dozen people, including a doctor, opposition activists, and students, for their comments about coronavirus, most of them under the draconian Digital Security Act. Read more.
Ranking academic freedom globally
Elizabeth Redden, Inside Higher Education, 03/30
Comparative data on academic freedom has been hard to come by, but a new index released Thursday assigns ratings to countries based on how free scholars are to teach and research. The index relies on expert assessments of five measures related to freedom to research and teach, freedom of academic exchange and dissemination, institutional autonomy, campus integrity (defined as the degree to which campuses are free from politically motivated surveillance or security-related infringements), and freedom of academic, cultural and political expression. Read more.
Coronavirus crisis awakens a sleeping giant: China’s youth
Vivian Wang and Javier C. Hernández, The New York Times, 03/28
Students have flooded social media to organize donations for Chinese doctors battling the coronavirus epidemic. Workers have marched in the streets to demand compensation for weeks of unemployment during citywide lockdowns. Young citizen journalists have taken to YouTube to call for free speech. Read more.
Union opposes online classes as ‘violation of equality’
Wagdy Sawahel, University World News, 03/26
In a statement on 22 March, the General Tunisian Union of Students (UGET) rejected the proposal of the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research to deliver university and other educational courses through online learning as a violation of the principle of equality and equal opportunity because not all students have personal computers, tablets, smartphones or reliable internet access. Read more.
Academic freedom index aims to boost defence incentive
Ellie Bothwell, Times Higher Education, 03/26
Researchers have published a new index of the state of academic freedom worldwide and across time in a bid to better defend a value that “remains under attack in many places”. More than 1,800 scholars assessed the level of academic freedom in different countries between 1900 and 2019 to create the Academic Freedom Index – the most comprehensive global assessment of scholarly autonomy to date. The index was created by researchers at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg and the V-Dem Institute at the University of Gothenburg; the Scholars at Risk Network; and the Global Public Policy Institute. Read more.
Student affairs leaders on mental health, race relations, free speech and more
Scott Jaschik, Inside Higher Education, 03/26
Inside Higher Ed conducted a first-ever survey of student affairs leaders, conducted by Gallup between Jan. 16 and Feb. 12, before the coronavirus left more campuses without students. Approximately one-third of student affairs professionals at public institutions (28% at private) reported spending a “significant amount of time” on free expression issues on campus. According to the report, some of the most contentious issues surrounding campus speech are whether students understand why free speech is important on campus and the punishments (if any) for those who disrupt free speech. Read more.
Freedom of speech in universities: Who draws the line?
Robin Lustig, BBC, 03/25
SAR’s Executive Director Rob Quinn speaks about free speech on university campuses with the BBC as a part of a series where reporter Robin Lustig visits universities around the world to talk about the freedom of ideas. In this episode, Rob Quinn discusses where the line is drawn regarding freedom of speech in universities, who draws it, and what happens to those who cross it. Listen here.
China set to indict Australian academic Yang Hengjun on espionage charges
Ben Doherty and Lily Kuo, The Guardian, 03/25
China is preparing to formally indict Australian academic Dr Yang Hengjun with espionage, a charge that potentially carries the death penalty, as concerns grow over his isolation and treatment in prison. Yang, 54, has been imprisoned for more than 432 days, and, for the last three months, has been held in total isolation, allowed no contact with the outside world. Read more.
Ming Pao row: If we learn anything from the virus outbreak, it should be the importance of free speech
Kevin Carrico, Hong Kong Free Press, 03/25
A frank discussion of the origins of this virus and the need to prevent another pandemic, written by two experts in microbiology who have been on the frontlines in researching and battling both SARS and COVID-19: this would appear to be precisely the type of opinion piece that we need at this moment. Yet Yuen and Lung’s article produced a storm of angry controversy on Chinese social media. Within a day, the authors had publicly retracted their piece. Read more.
A side effect of remote teaching during covid-19? Videos that can be weaponized
Emma Pettit, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 03/24
The coronavirus-prompted shift to remote teaching was stressful enough for faculty members before Charlie Kirk weaponized online learning. On Sunday the founder of the conservative political-action group Turning Point USA told college students whose professors had switched to online classes to share with Turning Point videos of “blatant indoctrination.” Turning Point, Campus Reform, and other groups have created a cottage industry of naming and shaming professors who they say advance what they call the liberal agenda. Read more.
Turkish pediatric hematologist & oncologist acquitted
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, & Medicine, 03/24
On March 19, 2020, pediatric hematologist and oncologist Dr. Murat Tuncer was acquitted of national security-related charges by the Criminal Court in Ankara. He had faced a lengthy prison sentence in an ordeal that lasted almost two years. Read more.
Iran releases French academic Roland Marchal: French official
Marine Pennetier and Mathieu Rosemain, Reuters, 03/21
Iranian authorities have released French academic Roland Marchal, who has been imprisoned in Iran since June 2019, a French presidency official said on Saturday. Marchal is due to arrive in France around midday on Saturday, the official said. French President Emmanuel Macron urged Iran to also release French citizen Fariba Adelkhah, who is still imprisoned, the official added. Adelkhah also holds an Iranian passport. Read more.
Coronavirus: Egypt detains novelist Ahdaf Soueif for demanding prisoners’ release
Middle East Eye, 03/18
Egyptian police detained four prominent activists who staged a protest on Wednesday calling for the release of political prisoners to prevent further spread of the novel coronavirus. Earlier on Wednesday, sister of detained left-wing activist Alaa Abdel Fattah, Mona Seif, posted a live stream on Facebook showing a mini protest by her mother the academic Laila Soueif, her sister, novelist Ahdaf Soueif, and political science academic Rabab el-Mahdy. Read more.
Hounded out of U.S., scientist invents fast coronavirus test in China
David Armstrong, Annie Waldman, and Daniel Golden, The Chronicle of Higher Education (co-published with ProPublica), 03/18
Professor Weihong Tan abruptly left the University of Florida in 2019 during a federal investigation into his alleged failure to fully disclose Chinese academic appointments and funding. He moved to Hunan University in south-central China, where he now conducts his vital Covid-19 research. Read more.
Jailed Iranian activist begins hunger strike to demand release of political prisoners amid country’s coronavirus crisis
Joseph Hincks, Time, 03/17
Jailed Iranian human rights activist Nasrin Sotoudeh has announced she is going on a hunger strike to demand the release of political prisoners in Iran, a move taken amid fears that inmates’ safety could be jeopardized by the coronavirus outbreak overwhelming the country’s health system. Read more.
‘No regrets’: Umbrella Movement co-founder Chan Kin-man released after 11-months in prison for peaceful protest
Rachel Wong, Hong Kong Free Press, 03/16
Chan Kin-man, one of the co-founders of the 2014 pro-democracy Umbrella Movement, has been released from prison after serving 11 months of his 16-month sentence. The sociology professor was one of nine activists convicted on public nuisance charges last April for participation in the 2014 protests. Read more.
Academic freedom in the time of coronavirus
Shannon Dea, University Affairs, 03/13
As universities respond to COVID-19, they must be guided by their core values of social responsibility, accountability and equitable access – all of which support suspending on-campus teaching and learning. Read more.
Foreign students asked to leave for ‘joining protests’
Shuriah Niazi, University World News, 03/13
Three foreign students have been asked to leave India for allegedly taking part in rallies against India’s contentious new citizenship law, the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), which has sparked protests across the country. Read more.
Universities rewrite Confucius Institute contracts amid foreign influence scrutiny
Fergus Hunter, The Sydney Herald, 03/11
Two of Australia’s top universities have renegotiated their contracts to host China-funded culture and language centres in an effort to safeguard their teaching autonomy and ward off the Morrison government’s foreign influence crackdown. Read more.
Academic freedom and institutional autonomy–for democracy and quality
Sjur Bergan, Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA), 03/12
The Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA) released its monthly International Quality Group Policy Brief, with Sjur Bergan of the Council of Europe addressing the role that academic freedom and institutional autonomy play in higher education. Read more.
Persecution by the Bolsonaro regime: Brazil’s researchers under threat [German]
Ana Paula Lisboa, Der Tagesspiegel, 03/10
There are even death threats: more and more scientists have to leave Brazil to flee President Jair Bolsonaro. Read more.
Annual Collegiality Reviews?
Colleen Flaherty, Inside Higher Education, 3/10
Sam Houston State University is considering adding collegiality to its list of tenure and promotion criteria. This follows a failed attempt to do so in 2018 when rating professors’ collegiality on a scale of one to 10 was proposed.This time around, Sam Houston State wants to rate professors on whether they’re collegial or not, up or down. Still, the idea is controversial. Read more.
Silencing science? Auckland academics challenge media policy
Jamie Morton, The New Zealand Herald, 03/09
University of Auckland academics have challenged a policy they say would limit them in speaking out on important issues, while having a “chilling effect” elsewhere. But the university insists it’s not trying to gag its academics, and just seeking to clarify under what capacity staff members should be making public comments. Read more.
Do not forget the jailed Saudi women’s rights activists
Fadi al-Qadi, Al Jezeera, 03/08
It has been two years since Saudi Arabia intensified its crackdown on women activists and many of those jailed are still languishing in prison. Read more.
IACHR recognizes the need to protect university autonomy [Spanish]
Hernan Porras Molina, Entorno Inteligente, 03/07
The second vice president of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), Flavia Piovesan, recognized that 85% of Venezuelan universities are affected by the economic and political crisis of the Nicolás Maduro government. According to her, without university students there can be no “future or possible democracy”, for which she considered it important to defend academic freedom and university autonomy. Read more.
China activist who called Xi clueless on coronavirus faces years in jail for ‘subversion’
Verna Yu, The Guardian, 03/07
A prominent Chinese activist detained for criticising President Xi Jinping’s handling of the coronavirus outbreak is being held on a state security charge that carries a maximum sentence of 15 years in jail, his friends said on Sunday. Read more.
Lawyer: Detained Egyptian student moved to notorious prison
AP via New York Times, 03/05
Police on Thursday transferred an Egyptian rights activist who was arrested after returning to Cairo from Italy last month to a notorious prison complex, his lawyer said. Patrick George Zaki, 28, a student at the University of Bologna in Italy, has been detained since arriving at Cairo airport Feb. 7 for what was supposed to be a brief trip home. Read more.
CEU welcomes the Advocate General’s Opinion regarding Lex CEU
Central European University, 03/05
CEU welcomes the unequivocal opinion of the Advocate General of the European Court of Justice in the matter of lex CEU. Advocate General Kokott has clearly declared that lex CEU violates European law. In her opinion, she declares that Lex CEU “cannot be justified”. It is an exercise of “arbitrary discrimination” and imposes a “disproportionate restriction” on academic freedom. Read more.
Pentagon proposes cuts to social science research
Elizabeth Redden, Inside Higher Education, 03/05
The Trump administration has proposed cutting a Department of Defense program that funds unclassified, university-based social science research relating to topics of national security. Read more.
TUP Manila holds first student rally in campus
Angelo Cocharo and Rona Fe Curia, Manila Today, 03/04
On Wednesday, March 4, students from the Technological University of the Philippines (TUP) – Manila held their first black shirt rally with the calls #DefendAcademicFreedom and #UpholdDemocraticRights. The protest was organized by TUP University Student Government (TUP USG) Manila after receiving different reports of repression from the students. Read more.
Two detained French academics go on trial in Iran
AFP via France 24, 03/03
Two French academics jailed in Iran for over half a year on national security charges went on trial Tuesday in a case that has raised tensions between Tehran and Paris. Read more.
After announcing firing of grad assistants, UC-Santa Cruz is in turmoil
Vimal Patel, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 03/02
The University of California campus spiraled toward a labor crisis on Monday in the aftermath of an extraordinary decision to send dismissal notices to 54 striking graduate students who are withholding winter-term grades to demand a cost-of-living adjustment. More than 500 other graduate students have pledged not to fill the spots vacated by the dismissed teaching assistants. Read more.
It’s not too late to save Brazil’s universities and its democracy
Debora Diniz, Times Higher Education, 02/28
An atmosphere of fear on campuses has served to mute expression and limit academic freedom, but action can still be taken to fight back, says Debora Diniz. Read more.
Universities in Venezuela: “You can be critical, but the threat is latent” [Spanish]
Julia Brekl, Deutsche Welle (DW), 02/27
Autonomous universities in Venezuela have a long tradition of resistance. What is the current situation of academic freedom in the country? These are the perspectives of different academics. Read more.
Open letter from Canadian academics opposing the IHRA definition of antisemitism
Independent Jewish Voices Canada, 02/27
Nearly 350 Canadian academics have signed on to an open letter opposing the International Holocaust Remembrance Association (IHRA) definition of antisemitism. Read more.
Oettinger defends controversial job for Orbán’s science council
Hans Von der Burchard and Cristina Gonzalez, Politico, 02/26
Former European Commissioner Günther Oettinger has defended his plan to take up a top post at a controversial science council set up by Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán. Hungary’s Official Journal said last week that Orbán had appointed the German politician as co-chairman of the newly created National Science Policy Council, which advises the government on innovation and research. Read more.
China decides to set its own path in academic evaluation
Futao Huang, University World News, 02/26
On 18 February 2020, the Ministry of Education and Ministry of Science and Technology jointly issued a notice announcing a reform of China’s academic evaluation system. Read more.
Jailed French academic Adelkhah hospitalised in Iran: Lawyer
AFP via France 24, 02/25
French-Iranian academic Fariba Adelkhah, jailed in Iran since last year, has been transferred to a prison hospital after her health deteriorated following a hunger strike, her lawyer said Tuesday. Read more.
Visa obstacles thwart renowned foreign scholars
Elizabeth Redden, Inside Higher Education, 02/24
A German professor invited to Virginia to teach about far-right politics faces visa delays, and a British professor focused on human rights can’t travel to Florida in the latest cases of scholars facing heightened scrutiny by U.S. immigration authorities. Read more.
When the State wants to control the narrative [Spanish]
Claudio Pairoba, Los Andes, 02/24
Tensions between science and the power of the day are not new. Today we see them related to current events. Read more.
Speech under siege from street to internet: Annual Report on the State of Freedom of Expression in Egypt for 2019
The Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression (AFTE), 02/23
AFTE’s annual report for 2019 examines threats to freedom of expression across Egypt, including targeted attacks and legislation that negatively impact journalists, netizens, scholars, and students. Read more.
An Egyptian’s arrest rekindles an Italian trauma
Declan Walsh and Elisabetta Povoledo, The New York Times, 02/21
Haunted by the 2016 death in Cairo of an Italian student, Giulio Regeni, Italians are campaigning for the release of an Egyptian who has said he was tortured. When an Egyptian student was arrested at the Cairo Airport recently, it was hardly an unusual event. Read more.
Iran upholds lengthy prison sentences for eight environmentalists
Middle East Eye, 02/19
An Iranian court has upheld prison sentences ranging from four to 10 years against eight members of the Persian Wildlife Heritage Foundation, despite criticism by rights groups. Read more.
Scholars’ growing insecurity puts academic freedom at risk
Farkhad Alimukhamedov, The Conversation, 02/19
In Iran, several scholars, including France’s Fariba Adelkhah and Roland Marchal (Sciences Po) and Australia’s Kylie Moore-Gilbert (University of Melbourne), have been detained under espionage charges. All deny the accusations, yet face several years in jail. Read more.
Evidence that conservative students really do self-censor
Conor Friedersdorf, The Atlantic, 02/16
I’ve argued before that campus speech is threatened from a dozen directions, citing scores of incidents that undermine the culture of free expression and dialogue needed to seek truth and learn. The academic Jeffrey Adam Sachs has staked out a contrasting position at the Niskanen Center. Read more.
Hong Kong scholars perceive declining academic freedom
Ellie Bothwell, Times Higher Education, 02/16
More than two-thirds of scholars in Hong Kong believe that the level of academic freedom in the territory has declined over the past year, according to a study. Read more.
Police stormed a university in India. Muslim students say the violence was an act of revenge.
Joanna Slater, The Washington Post, 02/16
Inside Room 46 of the Morison Court dormitory, the university students huddled in the dark, too afraid to speak. Police in riot gear pounded on the door. The next sound was glass shattering, then came the thunk and hiss of tear gas. Something exploded once, then twice, with a deafening noise. Read more.
‘This may be the last piece I write’: Prominent Xi critic has internet cut after house arrest
Verna Yu and Emma Graham-Harrison, The Guardian, 02/16
The Chinese professor Xu Zhangrun, who published a rare public critique of President Xi Jinping over China’s coronavirus crisis, was placed under house arrest for days, barred from social media and is now cut off from the internet, his friends have told the Guardian. Read more.
Scientists in Indonesia fear political interference
Dyna Rochmyaningsih, Science Magazine, 02/14
After living and working in Indonesia for about 15 years, French landscape ecologist David Gaveau suddenly left the country on 28 January. Indonesian immigration authorities had ordered Gaveau, a research associate with the Center for International Forestry Research in Bogor, on Java, to leave because of a visa violation. Read more.
Polish academics fear Catholic group’s role in ‘free speech’ law
John Morgan, Times Higher Education, 02/13
Polish academics have raised fears about government moves to create a committee to rule on alleged “freedom of speech” violations in universities, highlighting the involvement of a group of ultra-conservative Catholic lawyers in the proposed legislative changes. Read more.
Controlling Hong Kong HE is ‘top priority’ for China
Yojana Sharma, University World News, 02/12
Controlling the higher education sector in Hong Kong is a high priority, if not the top priority, of the Chinese government’s bid to step up authoritarian controls across different sectors of Hong Kong society, and must be seen in the context of China’s bid to spread its influence on campuses globally, says a group of Hong Kong scholars in a new report on academic freedom in Hong Kong. Read more.
‘Naked intimidation’: How universities silence academics on social media
Tess Reidy, The Guardian, 02/12
When Cardiff University PhD student Grace Krause began getting headaches and back pain after staring at a computer screen for days on end, she decided to speak out online. “Staff are marking hundreds of essays in an impossibly short time. It is exhausting. Everyone is in crisis mode. Stressed, moody, morose, everyone feels like they’re drowning,” she wrote on Twitter. Read more.
South Sudan academic suspended over opinion piece
Nyagoah Tut Pur, Human Rights Watch, 02/12
South Sudan’s University of Juba has suspended a renowned academic and writer from his teaching position over an opinion article on the issue of states and their boundaries – a controversial issue that has yet to be addressed by South Sudanese leaders before a unity government can be formed. Read more.
One academic per university at overseas conferences, says Brazil
Anna McKie, Times Higher Education, 02/11
Researchers in Brazil have expressed anger at an “unbelievable” government decree that limits the number of academics who may attend an international conference to just one per institution. Read more.
Students are the ‘backbone’ of Iraq anti-government protests
Linah Alsaafin, Al Jazeera, 02/10
Iraqi students in Baghdad’s Tahrir Square say they will remain at the sit-in until their demands have been answered. Inside one of a sea of tents in Tahrir Square, Sajjad Muyed and a group of his friends are sitting in a circle on thin mattresses, singing anti-government songs. Read more.
Egypt arrests, tortures human rights advocate: Rights group
Al Jazeera, 02/09
An Egyptian researcher and activist has been arrested at Cairo’s international airport upon his arrival from Italy. Patrick George Zaki, 27, had been in Bologna since August 2019 for his postgraduate studies and returned to Egypt’s capital for a brief family visit on Friday. Read more.
Academic dissent emerges over coronavirus outbreak
Mimi Leung and Yojana Sharmam, University World News, 02/06
A well-known academic in China has this week criticised the government’s handling of the coronavirus outbreak highlighting that it has caused widespread dissatisfaction in the country. The emergence of criticism by academics, medical personnel, and netizens silenced by the authorities for ‘spreading rumours’ could herald a new strand of political dissent with the potential to outlast the current emergency. Read more.
Struggle between state control and autonomy is playing out at the University of Nairobi
Ishmael Munene, The Conversation, 02/05
Since mid-January the University of Nairobi has been operating without a leader. This follows a decision by Kenya’s cabinet secretary for education to disband the institution’s council. He also rejected the institution’s appointment of a new vice-chancellor. Read more.
At Moscow university, a debate: Ban politics or risk the Kremlin’s wrath?
Fred Weir, The Christian Science Monitor, 02/04
Russia’s second-largest and most progressive state-funded university is facing a dilemma. On one hand, the Higher School of Economics (HSE), which has openly modeled itself on Western university traditions, generally espouses freedom of speech, and its spacious, modern downtown Moscow campuses are a known bastion of liberal moods. Read more.
Iranian students with valid visas turned back at US borders
Jihan Abdalla, Al Jazeera, 02/04
A mad dash to collect documents, two overseas trips, a nerve-racking interview followed by months of anxious waiting. After securing admission to some of the world’s most prestigious universities, this is the gruelling and costly process Iranian students go through to obtain a student visa to the United States. Read more.
Open Society University Network launched with $1 billion gift
Elizabeth Redden, Inside Higher Ed, 02/04
The financier George Soros recently announced a $1 billion donation to endow a new international network of universities with a stated aim of promoting “critical thinking, open intellectual inquiry, and fact-based research to strengthen foundations of open society amid authoritarian resurgence.” Read more.
Free to Think: Attacks on scholars, scientists threaten societies everywhere
Ian Graham, EuroScientist, 02/03
On September 26, 2019, a Turkish court ruled that the publication of a series of newspaper articles about pollution constituted a criminal act. The articles’ author, a scholar of public health named Bülent Şık, had been dismissed from his position at Akdeniz University three years earlier by presidential decree. Read more.
Iraqi students rally against PM-designate Mohammed Allawi
Al Jazeera, 02/02
Hundreds of students have marched in cities across Iraq to denounce the nomination of Mohammed Allawi as the country’s next prime minister despite calls from influential Shia leader, Muqtada al-Sadr, for his supporters to clear roads and resume “day-to-day life.” Read more.
Free speech for whom?
Elizabeth Redden, Inside Higher Ed, 01/31
The arrest and sentencing of a Chinese student at the University of Minnesota for tweets he posted while studying in the U.S. raise concerns about restrictions on Chinese students’ speech. Read more.
Abduction of Ethiopian students fuels anger at the government
Simon Marks and Abdi Latif Dahir, The New York Times, 01/30
Ethiopians are taking to the streets and to social media to protest their government’s failure to find at least a dozen university students and five other people who were believed to have been kidnapped from a bus by masked men in December in the latest in a chain of ethnically driven conflicts. Read more.
Jamia Millia: Indian student injured as man fires at university protest
A student has been shot after a man opened fire during a protest against a controversial citizenship law in the Indian capital, Delhi. Police arrested the gunman outside the city’s prestigious Jamia Millia Islamia university. Read more.
Sedition charges against JNU scholar for citizenship speech
Shuriah Niazi, University World News, 01/30
Jawaharlal Nehru University researcher Sharjeel Imam’s arrest in New Delhi on sedition charges has sparked outrage among lecturers and students. Some see it as part of a conspiracy to vilify left-leaning students and dissenters and to undermine secular institutions, academic freedom and criticism of the contentious Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA). Read more.
Brazil’s pick of a creationist to lead its higher education agency rattles scientists
Herton Escobar, Science Magazine, 01/26
The appointment of a creationism advocate to lead the agency that oversees Brazil’s graduate study programs has scientists here concerned—yet again—about the encroachment of religion on science and education policy. Read more.
‘Demeaned and humiliated’: What happened to these Iranians at U.S. airports
Caleb Hampton and Caitlin Dickerson, The New York Times, 01/25
Since August, at least 16 Iranian students have been turned away at airports, losing their chances to study at prestigious universities, amid new tensions between the U.S. and Iran. Read more.
Campus attack and police violence alarm Indian academics
Sanjay Kumar, Science Magazine, 01/24
A controversial citizenship bill that became law on 12 January has led many in India’s scientific establishment, traditionally apolitical, to speak out. But the response has been fierce. In December 2019, police brutally suppressed protests at two predominantly Muslim universities, and on 5 January, masked intruders armed with iron rods, stones, and sticks beat and terrorized students and teachers at Jawaharlal Nehru University, a liberal bastion where students were on strike against the bill and a steep hike in student fees. Read more.
Iraqi government pressures protesting students to return to the classroom
Gilgamesh Nabeel, Al-Fanar Media, 01/24
Iraqi students have become a focus of the government’s efforts to snuff out the protests that have largely paralyzed that country since the end of October. Read more.
Merkel reminds Erdogan about scientific freedom (German)
Amory Burchard, Der Tagesspiegel, 01/24
Chancellor Angela Merkel called for more social freedom, especially at universities and in research, during a visit to Turkey. “The greater the degree of scientific freedom, the greater the scientific output,” said Merkel on Friday in Istanbul at the opening of the Turkish-German University campus with President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Read more.
China’s camps now have survivors, and their ordeals aren’t over
Josh Rogin, The Washington Post, 01/23
The Chinese government is busily spinning lies about its massive “re-education camps” for Muslim minorities in Xinjiang. But as survivors escape China, their firsthand accounts tell the true story — and their terrible ordeals continue. Twenty-four-year-old college student Vera Yueming Zhou came to the United States in 2008 and is a U.S. permanent resident. She also happens to be a member of the Hui, a largely Muslim ethnic group. Read more.
Turkey: Alternative academies
Ben Upton, Research Europe, 01/23
Dismissal, exile and imprisonment drove Turkish researchers to build their own academies
Yücel Demirer should have been teaching in September 2016, but instead he began the month sipping tea in a café in Kocaeli, an industrial city close to Istanbul. Read more.
Iranian student denied entry to U.S.
Elizabeth Redden, Inside Higher Ed, 01/22
The student was bound for study at Northeastern University but was sent back after arriving in Boston. He’s the latest in what experts say has been a troubling number of cases of Iranians being turned back despite having valid student visas. Read more.
University of Maryland cuts China-supported education program amid tensions between countries
Phil Davis, The Baltimore Sun, 01/22
The University of Maryland, College Park has ended a Chinese-government approved education program after Congress passed legislation that the university said could jeopardize future federal funding if the program were to continue. Read more.
‘Harmony,’ not censorship: Students and faculty at Moscow’s Higher School of Economics have been told to cease ‘divisive’ political activism or find another university
Irina Kravtsova, Meduza, 01/21
On January 17, the administration at Moscow’s Higher School of Economics — one of the best universities in Russia — published amendments to its internal regulations on students and instructors. Following the changes, individuals affiliated with the university are now prohibited from mentioning their connection to the school when discussing political issues or taking part in “socially divisive” activities. Read more.
Chinese universities are enshrining Communist Party control in their charters
Emily Feng and Amy Cheng, NPR, 01/20
It wasn’t just the fact that one of China’s best universities had changed its charter last December to emphasize loyalty to the ruling Communist Party that raised eyebrows. Shanghai’s Fudan University also deleted principles like freedom of thought, and did so publicly, as if expecting praise. Read more.
Famous Pakistani rights defender detained for hours
Ayesha Tanzeem, Voice of America, 01/20
Authorities in Pakistan detained a human rights defender for seven hours at an airport as she tried to take a flight from Pakistan’s second largest city Lahore to the United Kingdom. Activist and human rights lawyer Jalila Haider was on her way to attend a workshop on feminism in the University of Sussex when she was told that her name was on a no-fly list for alleged “anti-state activities.” Read more.
Hong Kong student who helped found volunteer protest medic group arrested in China, classmates say
Hong Kong Free Press, 01/17
A Hong Kong student who helped found a network of volunteer medics to aid the city’s pro-democracy protests has been arrested on the mainland, fellow students briefed by his university have told AFP. Read more.
Occupy ringleader Shiu Ka-chun accuses Hong Kong university of ‘political cleansing’ after he is relieved of teaching post
Danny Lee, South China Morning Post, 01/17
Pro-democracy legislator Shiu Ka-chun has been relieved of his teaching post at Baptist University after being jailed for his role in the 2014 Occupy protest. The university has launched disciplinary proceedings against the department of social work lecturer, who served almost six months in prison last year after being found guilty of two public nuisance charges. Read more.
Top Russian university moves to ban political speech
The Moscow Times, 01/17
One of Russia’s elite universities is considering banning its students and faculty from exercising political speech in the wake of high-profile scandals involving free speech last year, according to its newly proposed rules. Read more.
‘You can’t handcuff my spirit’: Jailed writer wins freedom of expression prize
Alice McCool, The Guardian, 01/17
The Ugandan academic, writer and feminist activist Dr Stella Nyanzi, imprisoned for criticising the country’s president, has been awarded the Oxfam Novib/PEN International award for freedom of expression. Read more.
‘Attacks on academic freedom anywhere threaten us all’ (Portuguese)
Renata Cafardo, O Estado de S. Paulo, 01/15
Brazil appears for the first time in a report that monitors attacks on higher education across the world, alongside countries like China and Turkey. ‘We are deeply concerned,’ says Scholars at Risk’s Director of Advocacy, Clare Robinson. Read more.
Anti-regime student protests erupt after jet disaster
Shadi Khan Saif, University World News, 01/14
Undeterred by oppressive regime tactics, university students in Iran have put up a gradual yet defiant show of resentment towards the ruling religious elite with their latest protests triggered by the shooting down of a passenger plane outside Tehran by the powerful Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), killing all 176 on board, many of them students. Read more.
Protect India’s universities
For several weeks the world has watched as India’s citizens — including academics and students — have taken to the streets. Tens of thousands have been gathering to read out the preamble to the Indian constitution, as a mark of protest against a discriminatory new citizenship law. Read more.
Behind campus attack in India, some see a far-right agenda
Kai Schultz and Suhasini Raj, The New York Times, 01/10
Hindu nationalists view Jawaharlal Nehru University, where a mob rampaged last weekend, as “a symbol of everything that is bad in this country,” one analyst said. Read more.
France calls for ‘gesture’ from Iran over detained academics
France 24, 01/10
France said on Friday that the imprisonment of two prominent French academics by Iran was unacceptable and that their release would represent a “significant gesture”, as tensions mount between Tehran and the West. Read more.
Freedom curbs raise academic collaboration uncertainty
Yojana Sharma, University World News, 01/10
Academic experts say universities in Western democracies should review their engagements with universities in China to gauge whether dramatically tightened restrictions and recent Communist Party-imposed reviews of Chinese university charters – aimed at reducing commitments to freedom of thought – are eroding academic freedom standards outside China. Read more.
Russian ‘foreign agent’ rules are chilling academic freedom
Katarzyna Kaczmarska, Times Higher Education, 01/08
As pressing political and social issues in contemporary Russia become harder and harder to discuss through online and artistic media, it may seem that academia is the only sphere left in which critical debate enjoys a relatively safe haven. However, while freedom of thought and research are legally protected under articles 29 and 44 of Russia’s 1993 constitution, academic freedom is increasingly under threat. Read more.
‘The police did nothing.’ Students in India are protesting after a masked mob violently attacked a top Delhi university
Sameer Yasir and Billy Perrigo, Time, 01/07
Nursing a bandaged right hand and bruises on his back from where he was struck with a rod, Santosh Singh says he no longer feels safe at Jawaharlal Nehru University in Delhi, where he is a masters student. Read more.
Sudan’s revolution, phase 2: Universities seek independence
Edward Fox, Al-Fanar Media, 01/06
A plan for educational reform written by teaching staff at Sudan’s oldest and largest public university, the University of Khartoum, calls for Sudan’s universities to be made independent of the central government’s control. Read more.
Peter Biar Ajak: Imprisoned Cambridge student released, lawyer says
A Cambridge University student who had been detained in a “modern-day hellhole” in South Sudan has been pardoned and released, his lawyer said. Peter Biar Ajak had been a critic of his country’s regime and was studying for a PhD when arrested in July 2018. Read more.