SAR’s Academic Freedom Monitoring Project investigates and reports attacks on higher education with the aim of raising awareness, generating advocacy, and increasing protection for scholars, students, and academic communities. Learn more.

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Date of Incident: August 23, 2021

Region & Country:Western Asia | Turkey

Institution(s):Boğaziçi University

On August 23, 2021, Turkish police briefly detained eight Boğaziçi University (BU) students peacefully protesting against the appointment of a new rector to the university. Beginning in January 2021, students and faculty across Turkey held protests in response to a controversial ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment

Date of Incident: August 21, 2021

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Afghanistan

Institution(s):Various

On August 21, 2021, the Taliban issued an order banning the co-education of males and females in Herat province’s government and private universities. The Taliban took over as de facto state authorities in Afghanistan on August 15, as US and other ...

Attack Types: Other

Date of Incident: August 14, 2021

Region & Country:Eastern Asia | Hong Kong 

Institution(s):University of Hong Kong

On August 14, 2021, Hong Kong police arrested four University of Hong Kong (HKU) student union members (HKUSU) after they attended a union meeting on July 7. On July 13, HKU announced it would no longer recognize HKUSU as an independent ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment

Date of Incident: August 04, 2021

Region & Country:Eastern Asia | Hong Kong 

Institution(s):University of Hong Kong

On August 4, 2021, the University of Hong Kong (HKU) governing council banned from campus leaders of the University of Hong Kong Student Union (HKUSU) who had attended a July 7 union meeting. On July 13, HKU announced it would no ...

Attack Types: Loss of Position

Date of Incident: August 02, 2021

Region & Country:Western Africa | Liberia

Institution(s):University of Liberia

On August 2, 2021, police fired tear gas and rubber bullets at students participating in a protest at University of Liberia (UL). UL students held the protest to call for the resumption of regular in-person classes and the cancellation of an ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: July 16, 2021

Region & Country:Eastern Asia | Hong Kong 

Institution(s):University of Hong Kong

On July 16, 2021, Hong Kong national security police commenced a criminal investigation of the University of Hong Kong Student Union (HKUSU) after it was punished by the university for public comments about recent political events. On July 13, Hong Kong ...

Attack Types: Prosecution

Date of Incident: July 14, 2021

Region & Country:Americas | Brazil

Institution(s):University of São Paulo

On July 14, 2021, Federal Supreme Court (STF) Justice Kássio Nunes Marques filed a criminal complaint with Brazil’s Attorney General, in response to an article written by University of São Paulo (USP) law professor Conrado Hübner Mendes. Justice Nunes Marques filed ...

Attack Types: Prosecution

Date of Incident: July 14, 2021

Region & Country:Eastern Africa | Kenya

Institution(s):University of Nairobi

On July 14, 2021, police clashed with medical students at the University of Nairobi (UON) during a protest. UON medical students had gathered on campus to protest a 70% increase in tuition fees. They reportedly blocked the road and threw stones ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: July 11, 2021

Region & Country:Western Africa | Nigeria

Institution(s):College of Agriculture and Animal Sciences

On July 11, 2021, armed militia members kidnapped College of Agriculture and Animal Sciences Provost Habibu Bukullu. According to a family member of Bukullu, several persons entered the college’s premises around 2 AM local time. Bukullu was kidnapped from his on-campus ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: July 03, 2021

Region & Country:Western Asia | Turkey

Institution(s):Boğaziçi University

On July 3, 2021, the administration of Boğaziçi University sealed off access to its campus in an apparent effort to restrict protest activities marking the six-month anniversary of a controversial rector appointment. Since January 2021, students and faculty across Turkey have ...

Attack Types: Other