SAR’s Academic Freedom Monitoring Project investigates and reports attacks on higher education with the aim of raising awareness, generating advocacy, and increasing protection for scholars, students, and academic communities. Learn more.

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Date of Incident: February 10, 2024

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Iran

Institution(s):Kharazmi University

On February 10, 2024, Branch 36 of the Tehran Court of Appeals confirmed a one-year prison sentence for Samaneh Asghari, a prominent children's rights activist and industrial engineering student at Kharazmi University. The sentence was related to her participation in ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment

Date of Incident: February 09, 2024

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Iran

Institution(s):Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University

On February 9, 2024, the Azarshahr Revolutionary Court sentenced Armita Paveer, a student of molecular and cellular biology at Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, to twenty-two months and seventeen days in prison in relation to her participation in “Women, Life, Freedom” ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment

Date of Incident: January 31, 2024

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Iran

Institution(s):Unknown

On January 31, 2024, the family of Sepehr Shirani, an 18-year-old student of Baluch origin, received news that their son had died under suspicious circumstances while in custody of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC). IRGC forces arrested Shirani in Zahedan ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: January 30, 2024

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Iran

Institution(s):Azad University

On January 30, 2024, Tina Deljoo, a prominent women's rights advocate, university lecturer, and Ph.D candidate in Political Sciences at Azad University, began serving a one-year sentence at Lakan Prison in Rasht. Deljoo was arrested shortly before receiving her sentence and ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment | Prosecution

Date of Incident: January 30, 2024

Region & Country:Americas | United States of America

Institution(s):Catholic University of America

On January 30, 2024, the Catholic University of America dismissed professor of psychology Melissa Goldberg in retaliation after a doula she had invited to class as a guest speaker spoke about providing abortion and care to transgender patients. On January 23, ...

Attack Types: Loss of Position

Date of Incident: January 25, 2024

Region & Country:Americas | United States of America

Institution(s):American University

On January 25, 2024, American University announced a new policy banning protests inside of campus buildings, warning that student clubs identified as “unwelcoming” would lose university recognition, and stating that materials posted on campus must be “welcoming and build community.” The ...

Attack Types: Other

Date of Incident: January 22, 2024

Region & Country:Western Asia | Palestine (OPT)

Institution(s):Al-Aqsa University

On January 22, 2024, Israeli forces shelled Al-Aqsa University, located in Gaza city. At the time of the attack, the university was functioning as a shelter for displaced persons. The shelling took place three and a half months after Hamas attacked Israel ...

Attack Types: Other

Date of Incident: January 17, 2024

Region & Country:Western Asia | Palestine (OPT)

Institution(s):Al-Israa University

On January 17, 2024, Israeli military forces detonated hundreds of landmines inside of Al-Israa University, destroying it. According to media reports, Al-Israa was the last standing university in Gaza. Prior to destroying the university, the Israeli military had reportedly occupied Al-Israa ...

Attack Types: Other

Date of Incident: January 15, 2024

Region & Country:Western Asia | Palestine (OPT)

Institution(s):An-Najah National University

On January 15, 2024, Israeli forces raided Al Najah University and detained 25 students. The raid occurred at dawn. According to Palestinian media sources, at the time that they were detained, the students were participating in a sit-in to demand an ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment | Other

Date of Incident: January 09, 2024

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Afghanistan

Institution(s):Roshan Afghanistan Online University

On January 9, 2024, Taliban forces detained Javed Kakar, Vice-Chancellor of Student Affairs at Roshan Afghanistan Online University (RAO), apparently because of his academic work supporting women’s education. RAO opened in December 2022 to provide access to free online university education, ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment