SAR’s Academic Freedom Monitoring Project investigates and reports attacks on higher education with the aim of raising awareness, generating advocacy, and increasing protection for scholars, students, and academic communities. Learn more.

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Date of Incident: March 19, 2019

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Sri Lanka

Institution(s):Various Institutions

On March 19, 2019, police reportedly fired tear gas and water cannons at students during a peaceful protest in front of the University Grants Commission, in Colombo. The Inter-University Students Federation and the Sabaragamuwa University Student Union organized the protest over ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: March 15, 2019

Region & Country:Southern Asia | India

Institution(s):Rajiv Ghandi National Law University

On Saturday, March 15, 2019, six students from the Rajiv Ghandi National Law University were reportedly suspended after publicly demanding improvements in the quality of their student hostel’s food services.   The students had staged the protest on Friday, March 14. ...

Attack Types: Loss of Position

Date of Incident: March 07, 2019

Region & Country:Southeastern Asia | Indonesia

Institution(s):State University of Jakarta

On March 7, 2019, Indonesian police arrested Robertus Robet, a State University of Jakarta (UNJ) sociology professor, in apparent retaliation for expression critical of Indonesia’s government. On March 6, a video surfaced online of Robet, who is also a human rights ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment | Prosecution

Date of Incident: March 07, 2019

Region & Country:Northern Africa | Sudan

Institution(s):National University-Sudan

On March 7, 2019, Sudanese authorities reportedly used violent force against students participating in a peaceful vigil and protest on the campus of the National University in Khartoum.

Attack Types: Imprisonment | Violence

Date of Incident: March 01, 2019

Region & Country:Americas | Nicaragua

Institution(s):Central American University

On March 1, 2019, police reportedly surrounded and fired rubber bullets outside a peaceful student protest at Central American University (UCA). Starting in April 2018, students and other civil society groups across Nicaragua led demonstrations protesting austerity measures, demanding democratic reforms, ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: February 27, 2019

Region & Country:Western Asia | Turkey

Institution(s):Boğaziçi University | Mimar Sinan University of Fine Arts

On February 27, 2019, the İstanbul 37th Heavy Penal Court sentenced two academics to one year and three months imprisonment on the charge of “propagandizing for a terrorist organization.” The charges are in apparent retaliation for the scholars’ endorsement of ...

Attack Types: Prosecution

Date of Incident: February 26, 2019

Region & Country:Western Asia | Turkey

Institution(s):Artuklu University | Boğaziçi University | Istanbul Technical University | Munzur University

On February 26, 2019, Turkish courts sentenced four academics to one year and three months imprisonment and one academic to one year, ten months, and fifteen days imprisonment on the charge of “propagandizing for a terrorist organization.” The charges are ...

Attack Types: Prosecution

Date of Incident: February 24, 2019

Region & Country:Northern Africa | Sudan

Institution(s):University of Medical Sciences and Technology

On February 24, 2019, Sudanese authorities entered the campus of University of Medical Sciences and Technology (UMST) and reportedly used violence against non-violent student protesters. Since December 19, 2018, protesters in Khartoum and throughout Sudan have been demonstrating over food shortages ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances | Other

Date of Incident: February 21, 2019

Region & Country:Western Asia | Turkey

Institution(s):Bahçeşehir University | Boğaziçi University | Istanbul University | Kadir Has University | Kemerburgaz University | Koç University | Nişantaşı University | Yıldız Technical University

On February 21, 2019, the 33rd Heavy Penal Court sentenced thirteen academics to one year, ten months, and five days imprisonment each, and another fourteen academics to two years and three months imprisonment each, all on charges of “propagandizing for ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment | Prosecution

Date of Incident: February 18, 2019

Region & Country:Southern Africa | South Africa

Institution(s):Mangosuthu University of Technology

On February 18, 2019, police violently clashed with student protesters at Mangosuthu University of Technology (MUT). The protest was part of a series of demonstrations at universities across South Africa that began in early February. Protesters have raised a number of ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances | Other