SAR’s Academic Freedom Monitoring Project investigates and reports attacks on higher education with the aim of raising awareness, generating advocacy, and increasing protection for scholars, students, and academic communities. Learn more.

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Date of Incident: May 26, 2022

Region & Country:Western Asia | Turkey

Institution(s):Munzur University

On May 26, 2022, Turkish police detained 11 Munzer University students peacefully protesting the establishment of a so-called “Youth Center,” which is affiliated with the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), on campus. Sources indicate that students chanted slogans and performed ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment

Date of Incident: May 20, 2022

Region & Country:Southern Asia | India

Institution(s):University of Delhi

On May 20, 2022, Indian police arrested Ratan Lal, a University of Delhi professor of history and an outspoken critic of the Indian government, for a social media post about the discovery of a structure that some described as a ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment | Prosecution

Date of Incident: May 20, 2022

Region & Country:Western Asia | Turkey

Institution(s):Boğaziçi University

On May 20, 2022, police arrested a group of students peacefully demonstrating on the Boğaziçi University campus. The students assembled on campus for an annual LGBTQ+ Pride Parade, the same day as a music festival was to take place. The university ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment

Date of Incident: May 18, 2022

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Afghanistan

Institution(s):Kabul Polytechnic University

On May 18, 2022, Taliban forces reportedly prevented a group of female students from entering the Kabul Polytechnic University’s campus for wearing colorful hijabs. Taliban forces reportedly told the students that they have to wear black hijabs. One student argued that ...

Attack Types: Other

Date of Incident: May 09, 2022

Region & Country:Americas | Bolivia

Institution(s):Tomás Frías University

On May 9, 2022, 4 students died and over 80 were injured in a stampede after a tear gas grenade was thrown into the auditorium of Tomás Frías University in Potosí, where students had gathered to participate in student elections. That ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: May 09, 2022

Region & Country:Americas | United States of America

Institution(s):Everett Community College | Skagit Valley College

On May 9, 2022, Skagit Valley College and Everett Community College, both in Mount Vernon, Washington, were forced to lock down and close campus spaces after they received violent threats over email. According to school officials, violent messages were sent by ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: May 06, 2022

Region & Country:Southern Asia | India

Institution(s):Sharda University

On May 6, 2022, Sharda University suspended Waqas Farooq Kuttay, an assistant professor, for a question he included on a political science exam for undergraduate students. Kuttay reportedly included the following question on the exam: “Do you find any similarities between ...

Attack Types: Loss of Position

Date of Incident: April 27, 2022

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Afghanistan

Institution(s):Balkh University

On April 27, 2022, local media sources in Afghanistan reported that Taliban authorities arbitrarily dismissed 50 professors and 8 administrative and financial staff from Balkh University, apparently due to their ethnic identities as 53 of the fired individuals were non-Pashtun. ...

Attack Types: Loss of Position

Date of Incident: April 26, 2022

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Pakistan

Institution(s):University of Karachi

On April 26, 2022, three Chinese teachers and their Pakistani driver were killed by a suicide bombing at the entrance to the University of Karachi’s Confucius Institute. Those killed in the attack included the Confucius Institute’s founder, Huang Guiping, and his ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: April 26, 2022

Region & Country:Western Africa | Côte d'Ivoire

Institution(s):Alassane Ouattara University

On April 26, 2022, clashes broke out between police and students on strike from Alassane Ouattara University, resulting in at least several students injured and 22 arrested. The students were on strike protesting study conditions and demanding examination locations closer to ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances