SAR’s Academic Freedom Monitoring Project investigates and reports attacks on higher education with the aim of raising awareness, generating advocacy, and increasing protection for scholars, students, and academic communities. Learn more.

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Date of Incident: November 16, 2018

Region & Country:Western Asia | Turkey

Institution(s):Boğaziçi University | Istanbul Bilgi University

On November 16, 2018, Turkish authorities reportedly detained Turgut Tarhanlı, dean of the faculty of law at İstanbul Bilgi University, and Betul Tanbay, professor of mathematics at Boğaziçi University, along with ten others, for alleged connections to human rights activist ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment | Travel Restrictions

Date of Incident: November 15, 2018

Region & Country:Central Africa | Congo (DRC-Kinshasa)

Institution(s):University of Kinshasa

On November 15, 2018, one student was killed and others injured when police reportedly opened fire on students protesting at the University of Kinshasa. The students’ protest was in response to news that a classmate, Hyacinthe Kimbafu, had died from a ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: November 12, 2018

Region & Country:Western Asia | Turkey

Institution(s):Mersin University

On November 12, 2018, the Mersin 2nd Heavy Penal Court convicted and sentenced former Mersin University professor Selim Çakmaklı to one year and three months imprisonment on a charge of “propagandizing for a terrorist organization.” The charge is in apparent ...

Attack Types: Prosecution

Date of Incident: November 12, 2018

Region & Country:Central Africa | Congo (DRC-Kinshasa)

Institution(s):University of Kinshasa

On November 12, 2018, police reportedly opened fire on students peacefully protesting at the University of Kinshasa, killing one student. The students were holding a protest over a faculty strike at the University of Kinshasa that started on October 8. As ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances | Imprisonment

Date of Incident: November 08, 2018

Region & Country:Eastern Asia | China

Institution(s):Peking University | Renmin University

On November 8, 2018, Chinese police reportedly detained two students participating in a peaceful protest outside an Apple store in Beijing. The students were reportedly protesting Apple’s alleged use of student interns as workers in their suppliers’ factories. A group of ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment

Date of Incident: November 02, 2018

Region & Country:Eastern Africa | Uganda

Institution(s):Makerere University

On November 2, 2018, authorities reportedly arrested Dr. Stella Nyanzi, a research fellow at Makerere University, on charges of “cyber harassment” and “offensive communication,” apparently in retaliation for her social media activity. If convicted, she could face up to one ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment | Prosecution

Date of Incident: November 01, 2018

Region & Country:Eastern Asia | China

Institution(s):Unirule Institute of Economics

On November 1, 2018, Chinese authorities reportedly prevented two scholars, Sheng Hong and Jiang Hao, from leaving the country to attend an academic conference at Harvard University, purportedly on national security grounds. Sheng, the executive director of the Unirule Institute of ...

Attack Types: Travel Restrictions

Date of Incident: November 01, 2018

Region & Country:Eastern Asia | China

Institution(s):Nanjing University

On November 1, 2018, police officers and unidentified individuals reportedly assaulted two student members of a Marxist group at Nanjing University (NJU) during a nonviolent protest. Yang Kai and Zhu Shunqing organized a protest against the university’s refusal to recognize their ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances | Imprisonment | Other

Date of Incident: October 28, 2018

Region & Country:Americas | Brazil

Institution(s):Campina Grande Federal University | Federal University of Rio de Janeiro State | Greater Dourados University | São João Del Rei Federal University | State University of Paraíba | State University of Rio de Janeiro

In the days leading up to Brazil's October 28, 2018 runoff election between Jair Bolsonaro and Fernando Haddad, authorities have reportedly raided several universities throughout the country, questioned professors, confiscated materials, and ordered signs deemed political to be taken down ...

Attack Types: Other

Date of Incident: October 25, 2018

Region & Country:Western Asia | Turkey

Institution(s):Gazi University

On October 25, 2018, Turkish authorities reportedly issued detention warrants for at least 19 Gazi University personnel, based on alleged connections to a movement led by Fethullah Gülen, who authorities claim was responsible for a violent coup attempt on July ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment