SAR’s Academic Freedom Monitoring Project investigates and reports attacks on higher education with the aim of raising awareness, generating advocacy, and increasing protection for scholars, students, and academic communities. Learn more.

Regions/Countries

Attack Types

Institutions

Date Range

Results

Date of Incident: September 20, 2021

Region & Country:Western Asia | Turkey

Institution(s):Various

On September 20, 2021, police reportedly arrested nine students during a protest over a lack of affordable student housing. Starting on September 19, students from various universities across the country began camping out and sleeping in parks or in the streets ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment

Date of Incident: August 31, 2021

Region & Country:Northern Africa | Sudan

Institution(s):University of Zalingei

On August 31, 2021, Central Darfur State Security forces shot live ammunition at University of Zalingei (UZ) students participating in a protest in front of the former United Nations–African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) site, killing one student and injuring ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: August 29, 2021

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Afghanistan

Institution(s):Various

On August 29, 2021, the Taliban’s Higher Education Minister, Abdul Baqi Haqqani, announced that classes at government and private universities would be divided by gender. The Taliban took over as de facto state authorities in Afghanistan on August 15, as US ...

Attack Types: Other

Date of Incident: August 28, 2021

Region & Country:Americas | Mexico

Institution(s):Autonomous University of Puebla

On August 28, 2021, police forcibly removed students sleeping in tents during a sit-in protest near Casa Aguayo, a state government building. On August 27, about twenty members of the Education for all Student Front (FEET) started a sit-in to call ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: August 26, 2021

Region & Country:Eastern Asia | China

Institution(s):University of Hong Kong

On August 26, authorities detained Fang Ran, a PhD candidate in the sociology department of the University of Hong Kong (HKU), and accused him of incitement to subvert state power.  Fang researches labor movement empowerment in mainland China, according to his ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment

Date of Incident: August 26, 2021

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Pakistan

Institution(s):Punjab University

On August 26, 2021, alleged members of the Islami Jamiat-e-Talaba (IJT), the student wing of the Islamist political party Jamaat-e-Islami, reportedly attacked members of the Progressive Students Collective (PSC) at Punjab University. PSC members organized a “study circle” about the Taliban’s ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: August 24, 2021

Region & Country:Americas | Colombia

Institution(s):University of Cauca

On August 24 2021, Esteban Mosquera, a student-activist and a student-journalist from the University of Cauca, was shot and killed. Mosquera, a well-known activist, was previously the victim of violent clashes with police during a 2018 protest. As an activist and ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: August 23, 2021

Region & Country:Western Asia | Turkey

Institution(s):Boğaziçi University

On August 23, 2021, Turkish police briefly detained eight Boğaziçi University (BU) students peacefully protesting against the appointment of a new rector to the university. Beginning in January 2021, students and faculty across Turkey held protests in response to a controversial ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment

Date of Incident: August 21, 2021

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Afghanistan

Institution(s):Various

On August 21, 2021, the Taliban issued an order banning the co-education of males and females in Herat province’s government and private universities. The Taliban took over as de facto state authorities in Afghanistan on August 15, as US and other ...

Attack Types: Other

Date of Incident: August 21, 2021

Region & Country:Americas | Brazil

Institution(s):Various

On August 21, 2021, military police reportedly used force to prevent higher education and high school students from protesting a visit by the Minister of Education to the city of Odessa. The ​​National Union of Students (UNE), National Association of Graduate ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances