SAR’s Academic Freedom Monitoring Project investigates and reports attacks on higher education with the aim of raising awareness, generating advocacy, and increasing protection for scholars, students, and academic communities. Learn more.

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Date of Incident: February 28, 2020

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Pakistan

Institution(s):University of Punjab

On February 28, 2020, rival student groups reportedly clashed on the campus of the University of Punjab. Following a discussion in the school’s sociology department, members of the Pakhtun Student Council, which represents ethnic minority Pashtun students, reportedly clashed with members ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: February 28, 2020

Region & Country:Americas | Colombia

Institution(s):Industrial University of Santander

On February 28, 2020, a group of hooded individuals engaged in a violent and destructive protest on the campus of the Industrial University of Santander (UIS). It is unclear who the group of individuals are or what they were protesting. The ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: February 25, 2020

Region & Country:Southern Africa | South Africa

Institution(s):University of Fort Hare

On February 25, 2020, police reportedly violently clashed with University of Fort Hare (UFH) students during a campus protest. Beginning on January 27, 2020, students from a number of South African universities have held protests to demand increased student funding, the ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: February 24, 2020

Region & Country:Southern Africa | South Africa

Institution(s):University of Limpopo

On February 24, 2020, University of Limpopo (UL) students reportedly violently clashed during a campus protest. Beginning on January 27, 2020, students from a number of South African universities have held protests to demand increased student funding, the cancellation of students’ ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: February 22, 2020

Region & Country:Southern Asia | India

Institution(s):Jadavpur University

On February 22, 2020, Indian authorities ordered Kamil Siedcynski, a Polish student of comparative literature at Jadavpur University (JU), to leave the country, for allegedly participating in protests against citizenship-related legislation. Siedcynski, who is pursuing a masters degree at JU, had ...

Attack Types: Travel Restrictions

Date of Incident: February 19, 2020

Region & Country:Southern Africa | South Africa

Institution(s):University of KwaZulu-Natal

On February 19, students protesting tuition debt at the Westville Campus of the University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN) reportedly blocked campus entrances and clashed violently with campus security. One student reportedly assaulted a professor during the clashes. Starting on January 27, students ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: February 16, 2020

Region & Country:Eastern Asia | China

Institution(s):Tsinghua University

On February 16, 2020, it was reported that Chinese authorities placed under house arrest law professor Xu Zhangrun after he published an essay critical of the government’s response to an outbreak of a novel coronavirus disease known as Coronavirus Disease ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment

Date of Incident: February 15, 2020

Region & Country:Southern Asia | India

Institution(s):KLE Institute of Technology

On February 15, 2020 Indian police arrested and charged three students from KLE Institute of Technology with sedition after a video on social media allegedly depicted the students chanting pro-Pakistan slogans. The students were released the following day but were ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment | Prosecution | Loss of Position

Date of Incident: February 15, 2020

Region & Country:Eastern Asia | China

Institution(s):Unaffiliated

On February 15, 2020, Chinese authorities reportedly detained scholar and activist Xu Zhiyong. Xu is an activist, civil rights lawyer, and a former lecturer at the Beijing University of Post and Telecommunications. He had previously served four years in prison in ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment

Date of Incident: February 14, 2020

Region & Country:Southern Asia | India

Institution(s):Visva Bharati University

On February 14, 2020, Indian authorities issued a “leave notice” to Afsara Anika Meem, a Bangladeshi student of design at Visva Bharati University (VBU), ordering her to leave the country within fifteen days, in apparent retaliation for alleged social media ...

Attack Types: Travel Restrictions