SAR’s Academic Freedom Monitoring Project investigates and reports attacks on higher education with the aim of raising awareness, generating advocacy, and increasing protection for scholars, students, and academic communities. Learn more.


Attack Types


Date Range


Date of Incident: July 07, 2019

Region & Country:Southeastern Asia | Myanmar (Burma)

Institution(s):Various Institutions

On July 7, 2019, authorities in Yangon, Myanmar, reportedly detained and prosecuted eight students for participating in a peaceful march commemorating the 1962 Yangon University protests.

Attack Types: Imprisonment | Prosecution

Date of Incident: July 01, 2019

Region & Country:Western Asia | Turkey

Institution(s):Işık University | İstanbul Kültür University | İstanbul Okan University

On July 1, 2019, the İstanbul 32nd Heavy Penal Court sentenced a research assistant from İstanbul Kültür University, and two lecturers from İstanbul Okan University and Işık University to fifteen months imprisonment on a charge of “propagandizing for a terrorist organization.”

Attack Types: Prosecution

Date of Incident: June 30, 2019

Region & Country:Western Asia | Turkey

Institution(s):Middle East Technical University

On June 30, 2019, authorities arrested four students from the Middle East Technical University (METU) in Ankara, apparently to prevent them from engaging in non-violent expressive activity at the university’s graduation ceremony. Authorities released the students later that night.

Attack Types: Imprisonment

Date of Incident: June 28, 2019

Region & Country:Southern Asia | India

Institution(s):Allahabad University

On June 28, 2019, police reportedly detained at least twenty students during a demonstration at Allahabad University (AU) protesting a decision by the university to reform student government on campus. On June 24, AU’s Academic Council voted to replace the student ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment

Date of Incident: June 27, 2019

Region & Country:Northern Africa | Sudan

Institution(s):East Nile University College

On June 27, 2019, paramilitary forces reportedly beat, fired tear gas at, and detained dozens of students from East Nile University College during a peaceful protest. Protests had been ongoing throughout Sudan since December 19, 2018, when demonstrators — frequently led ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances | Imprisonment

Date of Incident: June 27, 2019

Region & Country:Americas | Colombia

Institution(s):National University of Colombia at Medellin

On June 27, 2019, violence erupted at the National University of Colombia’s Medellin campus during a demonstration against recent assassinations of social activists in Colombia.

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: June 24, 2019

Region & Country:Americas | Honduras

Institution(s):National Autonomous University of Honduras

On June 24, 2019, authorities fired live ammunition at students at the National Autonomous University of Honduras (UNAH) during a campus protest, injuring at least five. Hundreds of UNAH students had gathered on campus to demand the resignation of President Juan ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances | Other

Date of Incident: June 18, 2019

Region & Country:Western Africa | Ghana

Institution(s):University of Education Winneba

On June 18, 2019, the Ghana Police Service arrested Professor Augustine Uzoma Nwagbara, a Nigerian visiting lecturer at the University of Education Winneba (UEW), for comments he made at a meeting of Nigerians in Accra that were captured (allegedly without ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment | Loss of Position

Date of Incident: June 14, 2019

Region & Country:Europe | Russia

Institution(s):St. Petersburg State University

On June 14, 2019, St. Petersburg State University (SPBU) administrators expelled Lukas Latz, a visiting graduate student, in apparent retaliation for his academic activity and ordered him to leave the country.

Attack Types: Loss of Position | Travel Restrictions

Date of Incident: June 13, 2019

Region & Country:Western Asia | Turkey

Institution(s):Boğaziçi University | Istanbul Bilgi University

On June 13, 2019, the İstanbul 27th Heavy Penal Court convicted and sentenced a Boğaziçi University PhD candidate and an İstanbul Bilgi University research assistant to 15 months imprisonment and a Boğaziçi University scholar to two years and six months ...

Attack Types: Prosecution