SAR’s Academic Freedom Monitoring Project investigates and reports attacks on higher education with the aim of raising awareness, generating advocacy, and increasing protection for scholars, students, and academic communities. Learn more.

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Date of Incident: October 23, 2022

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Iran

Institution(s):Sharif University of Technology

On October 23, 2022, students from opposing groups clashed at Sharif University of Technology (SUT) during campus protests. On October 3, SUT had suspended in-person classes following a violent crackdown by state security forces on a peaceful protest on campus the ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances | Other

Date of Incident: October 02, 2022

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Afghanistan

Institution(s):Herat University

On October 2, 2022, Taliban forces used force against Herat University (HU) students participating in a protest against the bombing of Kaaj Educational Center. On September 30, 2022, a suicide bomber carried out an attack on the educational center, leaving 53 ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: October 02, 2022

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Iran

Institution(s):Sharif University of Technology

On October 2, 2022, state security forces, including riot police and plainclothes members of the Basij paramilitary group, carried out a violent crackdown on a peaceful protest at Sharif University of Technology (SUT). Dozens of individuals were reported injured and ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances | Imprisonment | Other

Date of Incident: September 30, 2022

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Afghanistan

Institution(s):Kaaj Educational Center

On September 30, 2022, a suicide bomber carried out an attack on the Kaaj Educational Center in Kabul, leaving 53 dead and 110 injured. The assailant reportedly shot at guards outside of the center, entered the building, and detonated the bomb ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: September 25, 2022

Region & Country:Eastern Africa | Burundi

Institution(s):University of Burundi

On September 25, 2022, alleged members of Imbonerakure, the youth wing of CNDD–FDD (Burundi’s ruling party), physically attacked Emile Mailo Nduwimana, a student at the University of Burundi. According to reports, Imbonerakure members stopped Nduwimana while he was returning to his ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: September 16, 2022

Region & Country:Europe | Greece

Institution(s):Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

On September 16, 2022, at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, police attacked a group of student protesters, beating and firing teargas at them and arresting at least two. The students were protesting the presence of university police on campus. According ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances | Imprisonment

Date of Incident: August 30, 2022

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Sri Lanka

Institution(s):Various Institutions

On August 30, 2022, police fired water cannons at and tear gassed protesters during a march organized by the Inter-University Student Federation (IUSF) in Colombo. IUSF organized the march to protest against the arrests of anti-government activists, including students, under the ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: August 27, 2022

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Iran

Institution(s):Various

On August 27, 2022, police arrested at least one student participating in a protest against Iran’s compulsory military service. The Student Justice Movement organized the demonstration in front of Iran’s Public Conscription Organization office in Tehran. The demonstration was reportedly peaceful, ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment

Date of Incident: August 20, 2022

Region & Country:Southeastern Asia | Myanmar (Burma)

Institution(s):Yadanabon University

On August, 20, 2022, military forces detained seven employees from Yadanabon University at their homes, apparently in connection to their participation in an anti-Junta civil disobedience movement (CDM). Those detained reportedly include both faculty and administrators; however, SAR has not been ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment

Date of Incident: August 19, 2022

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Bangladesh

Institution(s):University of Dhaka

On August 19, 2022, at least six members of a student group known as the Bangladesh Chhatra League (BCL) physically attacked three members from a students rights organization at the University of Dhaka. At a press conference, BCL members who had ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances