SAR’s Academic Freedom Monitoring Project investigates and reports attacks on higher education with the aim of raising awareness, generating advocacy, and increasing protection for scholars, students, and academic communities. Learn more.

Regions/Countries

Attack Types

Institutions

Date Range

Results

Date of Incident: March 18, 2020

Region & Country:Northern Africa | Egypt

Institution(s):American University of Cairo | University of Cairo | University of Lancaster

On March 18, 2020, authorities reportedly arrested a group of four intellectuals and activists for their peaceful protest calling for the release of prisoners amid fears of the coronavirus disease known as Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). First detected in Wuhan, China ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment | Prosecution

Date of Incident: March 11, 2020

Region & Country:Southern Africa | South Africa

Institution(s):University of KwaZulu-Natal

On March 11, 2020, individuals allegedly set fire to a building at the University of KwaZulu-Natal amidst protests over student fees. Beginning on January 27, 2020, students from a number of South African universities have held protests to demand increased student ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: March 09, 2020

Region & Country:Eastern Africa | Kenya

Institution(s):University of Nairobi

On March 9, 2020, students violently clashed with police and reportedly set fire to a dormitory at the University of Nairobi (UoN) during a protest over the death of a student. The clashes follow a March 4 incident in which a ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: March 06, 2020

Region & Country:Eastern Africa | Somalia

Institution(s):University of Hargeisa

On March 6, 2020, Professor Mahmoud Jama Ahmed, a lecturer in humanities and social sciences at the University of Hargeisa who had recently been released from prison on blasphemy charges, was forced into hiding after a cleric called for his ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: March 04, 2020

Region & Country:Americas | Colombia

Institution(s):University of Antioquia

On March 4, 2020, Sara Fernandez, a professor at the University of Antioquia, was violently attacked in her home in what appeared to be a politically motivated attack. Fernandez is a professor in the university’s Faculty of Social and Human Sciences. ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: March 04, 2020

Region & Country:Eastern Africa | Kenya

Institution(s):University of Nairobi

On March 4, 2020, security officials at the University of Nairobi (UoN) reportedly arrested and beat to death a student under circumstances that remain unclear as of this report. According to eyewitness reports, Elisha Otieno Odeng, a suspended UoN student, was ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: March 03, 2020

Region & Country:Southern Africa | South Africa

Institution(s):Cape Peninsula University of Technology

On March 3, 2020, during a protest on the campus of Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT), students reportedly vandalized university property, as well as property belonging to faculty, leading to a temporary closure of the campus and four arrests. Beginning ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: March 02, 2020

Region & Country:Southern Africa | South Africa

Institution(s):University of Zululand

On March 2, 2020, students reportedly set fire to a police vehicle during a protest at the University of Zululand (UNIZULU). Beginning on January 27, 2020, students from a number of South African universities have held protests to demand increased student ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: March 01, 2020

Region & Country:Southern Asia | India

Institution(s):English and Foreign Languages University

On March 1, 2020, police reportedly locked the gates of the English and Foreign Languages University (EFLU), in Hyderabad, in order to prevent students from participating in an off-campus protest over citizenship-related legislation. EFLU students found police guarding the shuttered gates ...

Attack Types: Other

Date of Incident: February 28, 2020

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Pakistan

Institution(s):University of Punjab

On February 28, 2020, rival student groups reportedly clashed on the campus of the University of Punjab. Following a discussion in the school’s sociology department, members of the Pakhtun Student Council, which represents ethnic minority Pashtun students, reportedly clashed with members ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances