SAR’s Academic Freedom Monitoring Project investigates and reports attacks on higher education with the aim of raising awareness, generating advocacy, and increasing protection for scholars, students, and academic communities. Learn more.

Regions/Countries

Attack Types

Institutions

Date Range

Results

Date of Incident: April 23, 2021

Region & Country:Americas | Brazil

Institution(s):Universidade Paulista

On April 23, 2021, an improvised explosive device was discovered in a bathroom on Universidade Paulista’s (UNIP) campus, forcing students and faculty to evacuate. At around 2:00 PM on April 23, a university employee found the device inside a men’s bathroom ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: April 23, 2021

Region & Country:Americas | Colombia

Institution(s):Universidad del Valle

On April 23, 2021, police stormed the Universidad del Valle campus and fired tear gas at student protesters in an effort to evict them from campus. Student protesters occupied administrative facilities at the Universidad del Valle seeking academic guarantees that have ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: April 21, 2021

Region & Country:Europe | Bulgaria

Institution(s):University of National and World Economy

On April 21, 2021, the University of National and World Economy (UNWE) fired Associate Professor Dr. Martin Osikovski for his public criticism of Prime Minister Bokyo Borissov’s visit to the school. On April 2, PM Borissov, a member of the conservative ...

Attack Types: Loss of Position

Date of Incident: April 20, 2021

Region & Country:Western Africa | Nigeria

Institution(s):Greenfield University

On April 20, 2021, gunmen raided Greenfield University, kidnapping as many as twenty students and killing one university employee. Police in Kaduna State, where the university is located, announced that an attack took place on the campus on Tuesday evening at ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances | Imprisonment

Date of Incident: April 20, 2021

Region & Country:Americas | Peru

Institution(s):National University of Huancavelica

On April 20, 2021, a group of students set fire to the door of an administrative building at the National University of Huancavelica amidst protests. For several days, students had been protesting for a series of demands related to the COVID-19 ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: April 19, 2021

Region & Country:Southern Africa | South Africa

Institution(s):Walter Sisulu University

On April 19, 2021, violence broke out amidst student protests on the Walter Sisulu University (WSU) campus, resulting in the university shutting down. Since March 8, students at many South African universities have protested policies that exclude students who owe tuition ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: April 19, 2021

Region & Country:Western Asia | Turkey

Institution(s):Boğaziçi University

On April 19, 2021, Turkish prosecutors indicted 97 people who joined student protests at Boğaziçi University on February 1, 2021, seeking jail terms of six months to three years. Since early January, students and faculty have held frequent protests in response ...

Attack Types: Prosecution

Date of Incident: April 17, 2021

Region & Country:Central Africa | Angola

Institution(s):Various

On April 17, 2021, police deployed tear gas and fired gunshots into the air to disperse students protesting a national increase in tuition fees at universities. Over 250 students gathered in Luanda for a protest organized by the Angolan Students’ Movement ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: April 17, 2021

Region & Country:Europe | Belarus

Institution(s):Belarusian State University

On April 17, 2021, Belarusian State University did not renew the contract of Alena Laeyuskaya, a civil law professor. The decision appears to be based on political considerations, specifically her son’s legal defense of imprisoned, former presidential candidate, Viktar Babaryka. Laeyuskaya’s ...

Attack Types: Loss of Position

Date of Incident: April 15, 2021

Region & Country:Eastern Asia | China

Institution(s):Chinese University of Hong Kong | University in Hong Kong

On April 15, 2021, Chinese state media published reports of investigations into three mainland students in apparent relation to their nonviolent expressive activity, including their support of Hong Kong’s 2019 pro-democracy protests. Authorities reportedly arrested two of the students. Starting in ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment