SAR’s Academic Freedom Monitoring Project investigates and reports attacks on higher education with the aim of raising awareness, generating advocacy, and increasing protection for scholars, students, and academic communities. Learn more.

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Date of Incident: April 07, 2021

Region & Country:Southern Africa | South Africa

Institution(s):Mangosuthu University of Technology

On April 7, 2021, police fired water cannons at students protesting on the Mangosuthu University of Technology (MUT) campus. Since March 8, students at many South African universities have protested policies that exclude students who owe tuition fees from registering for ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: April 07, 2021

Region & Country:Europe | Netherlands

Institution(s):Leiden University | Unaffiliated

In March 2021, two Dutch scholars reported being intimidated, apparently as part of a campaign organized by a right-wing online activist group known as Vizier op Links.  According to the group’s mission, Vizier op Links is committed to breaking up the ...

Attack Types: Other

Date of Incident: April 06, 2021

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Afghanistan

Institution(s):Takhar University

On April 6, 2021, violent clashes broke out between police and Takhar University students protesting and blocking Takhar-Kunduz highway, resulting in multiple students injured. Hundreds of students had gathered on a highway to protest in response to a faculty strike over ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: April 01, 2021

Region & Country:Western Asia | Turkey

Institution(s):Boğaziçi University

On April 1, 2021, Turkish police detained at least 35 protesters, mostly students, who gathered in Istanbul's Kadıköy district demanding the release of Boğaziçi University students under house arrest. Since early January, students and faculty have held frequent protests in response ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment

Date of Incident: March 26, 2021

Region & Country:Eastern Asia | China

Institution(s):Newcastle University

On March 26, 2021, Chinese authorities announced sanctions against ten individuals and institutions in the United Kingdom (UK), including Jo Smith Finley, Reader in Chinese Studies at Newcastle University. Finley appears to have been targeted for her research activities. The sanctions ...

Attack Types: Travel Restrictions | Other

Date of Incident: March 26, 2021

Region & Country:Western Asia | Turkey

Institution(s):Boğaziçi University

On March 26, 2021, Turkish police detained over 50 protesters, mostly students, who had gathered at an Istanbul courthouse in support of students who were detained on Bogaziči University's campus the previous day. The protesters called for the release of at ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment

Date of Incident: March 25, 2021

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Bangladesh

Institution(s):Dhaka University

On March 25, 2021, alleged members of the Bangladesh Chhatra League (BCL), the student wing of the ruling political party, attacked students protesting the visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Prime Minister Modi’s visit to mark Bangladesh's fifty years of independence ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances

Date of Incident: March 25, 2021

Region & Country:Western Asia | Turkey

Institution(s):Boğaziçi University

On March 25, 2021, police detained 24 students who were gathered at Boğaziçi University to support a student facing disciplinary action there. The incident occurred against the backdrop of frequent student/faculty protests at Boğaziçi -- many involving the use of force ...

Attack Types: Imprisonment

Date of Incident: March 22, 2021

Region & Country:Eastern Asia | China

Institution(s):Mercator Institute for China Studies | Swedish Institute of International Affairs | Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation

On March 22, 2021, Chinese authorities announced sanctions targeting two scholars — both citizens of the European Union (EU) — and a Germany-based academic think tank, in apparent retaliation for their research regarding China and their work with their counterparts ...

Attack Types: Travel Restrictions | Other

Date of Incident: March 16, 2021

Region & Country:Southern Asia | Afghanistan

Institution(s):Baghlan University

On March 16, 2021, unidentified gunmen opened fire on a Baghlan University bus carrying students and faculty, killing the bus driver and one student. According to police officials, the bus was taking students and faculty from the Faculty of Agriculture to ...

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances