Khalil Al-Halwachi, Bahrain

Posted April 19, 2019

Khalil Al-Halwachi is a scholar of engineering and a peaceful political activist sentenced to ten years in prison. On September 3, 2014, authorities arrested Professor Al-Halwachi in a raid on his home, in apparent retaliation for his peaceful expression for democratic reform. Al-Hawachi was a founding member of the Islamic Action Society (AMAL), a political society that the government effectively dissolved in 2012, arresting at least 200 members. Al-Halwachi has been imprisoned ever since his arrest. Read more.

UPDATE: On February 3, 2022, Al-Halwachi was released from prison. SAR welcomes his release, and we are grateful to everyone—members, Student Advocacy Seminars, Academic Freedom Legal Clinics, and the global higher education community—who helped SAR advocate for Al-Halwachi. Join SAR in helping imprisoned scholars by taking action through SAR’s Scholars-in-Prison Project.

 Case Information

On September 3, 2014, authorities raided Professor Al-Halwachi’s home without a warrant and arrested him. Authorities took Professor Al-Halwachi to the Criminal Investigations Directorate (CID) where he was reportedly subjected to lengthy interrogations, ill-treatment, torture, and denial of medical care. CID officials reportedly coerced Professor Al-Halwachi into providing a false confession. Professor Al-Halwachi was held in pre-trial detention at Dry Dock Detention Center until his first hearing on March 22, 2015.

On March 23, 2017—after more than two and half years in custody and over 20 postponements—a court ruled to convict and sentence Professor Al-Halwachi to ten years in prison on charges of “possession of a weapon,” which was authorities allege they found during the raid. He was also charged with “insulting the judiciary,” reportedly in connection with due process concerns Professor Al-Halwachi raised at a May 2016 hearing. Professor Al-Halwachi has maintained that evidence of the weapon was fabricated and that he was prosecuted in retaliation for his peaceful activism.

Following the ruling, Professor Al-Halwachi was taken to Jau Prison where he has been denied access to medical care despite several medical complications, including blood clots, from a stroke he suffered in September 2016, and a hernia. Professor Al-Halwachi has been intermittently held in solitary confinement and reported unsanitary conditions, overcrowding, among other forms of ill-treatment.

On May 11, 2017, several inmates including Professor Al-Halwachi were scheduled to attend appeal hearings; however, Professor Al-Halwachi was kept in a police vehicle until the end of the hearings. The court postponed his appeal hearing.

On May 6, 2019, the Court of Cassation upheld the ten-year sentence against Professor Al-Halwachi. Professor Al-Halwachi remains in Jau Prison.

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