As democracy is weakened and economic and social conditions deteriorate, there are increasing threats to academic freedom and autonomy in Venezuelan universities. Although academic freedom and university autonomy are legally and constitutionally recognized, public policies and ‘new legislation’ undermine them.
This publication, produced by the Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA), aims to support states in protecting higher education by providing technical direction on implementing GCPEA’s Principles Of State Responsibility To Protect Higher Education From Attack. Measures outlined
In 2014, the Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA) developed and sought wide recognition of a statement of Principles of State Responsibility to Protect Higher Education from Attack. The primary purpose of the Principles is not to create
“Education Under Attack 2014” identifies 70 countries where attacks occurred between 2009 and 2013, including 30 where there was a pattern of deliberate attacks.
A research study of the Higher Education Working Group of the Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack
GCPEA study that identifies cases of military use in 26 countries spread across four continents between 2005 and 2015.