SAR’s Academic Freedom Monitoring Project investigates and reports attacks on higher education with the aim of raising awareness, generating advocacy, and increasing protection for scholars, students, and academic communities. Learn more.

Date of Incident: July 23, 2022

Attack Types: Other

Institution(s):O.M. Beketov Kharkiv National University of Urban Economy

Region & Country:Europe | Ukraine

New or Ongoing:New Incident

On July 23, 2022, Russian forces reportedly shelled the campus of the O.M. Beketov Kharkiv National University of Urban Economy.

Sources, including photos and videos of the scene, showed a crater on the grounds of the campus and windows to the main building blown out. No injuries were reported.

Scholars at Risk is concerned about the military targeting of university facilities in armed conflict. Parties to a conflict may only attack legitimate military targets; where a party suspects that a civilian facility — such as a university building — is being used for military purposes, that party has a duty to take every action practicable to verify that this suspicion is correct before initiating an attack. In the event of such an attack, parties must take all practicable precautions to avoid or minimize damage to civilian facilities. Further, parties must refrain from launching attacks which may be expected to cause disproportionate damage to civilian facilities.