SAR’s Academic Freedom Monitoring Project investigates and reports attacks on higher education with the aim of raising awareness, generating advocacy, and increasing protection for scholars, students, and academic communities. Learn more.

Date of Incident: January 21, 2023

Attack Types: Killings, Violence, Disappearances | Imprisonment | Other

Institution(s):National University of San Marcos

Region & Country:Americas | Peru

New or Ongoing:New Incident

On January 21, 2023, police stormed the National University of San Marcos, detaining over 200 protesters who had come to Lima to join ongoing anti-government protests.

The protesters had reportedly gathered on campus to take refuge after participating in widespread demonstrations demanding that President Dina Boluarte step down after several weeks of unrest. Following a complaint by a university official alleging that protesters had attempted to steal security officials’ electronic devices, safety devices, and other items, police reportedly entered the campus with tanks and a helicopter, using tear gas against the protesters. According to students, police pushed and kicked them, attacked them with truncheons, and forced students out of their dormitories. Police reportedly arrested more than 200 individuals on campus, releasing them the following day.

Scholars at Risk is concerned about violent encroachments onto campus and mass arrests of nonviolent, on-campus protesters. In addition to the harm to the immediate victims, such actions undermine university autonomy and damage academic freedom. State and university authorities have an obligation to protect academic freedom and the right to free expression on campus.    

Sources:

https://www.aljazeera.com/gallery/2023/1/22/photos-peruvian-police-raid-major-university-as-protests-grow

https://www.telesurenglish.net/news/Peruvian-Police-Intervenes-San-Marcos-University-in-Lima-20230121-0002.html

https://www.telesurenglish.net/news/192-Peruvians-Detained-at-San-Marcos-University-Are-Released-20230123-0001.html 

https://thepienews.com/news/peru-students-beaten-by-police-in-raid/ 

https://elpais.com/internacional/2023-01-23/la-toma-de-la-universidad-de-san-marcos-tensa-mas-la-crisis-en-peru.html 

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El 21 de enero de 2023, la policía irrumpió en la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos y detuvo a más de 200 manifestantes que habían llegado a Lima para unirse a las protestas antigubernamentales en curso.

Al parecer, los manifestantes se habían reunido en el campus para refugiarse tras participar en manifestaciones generalizadas que exigían la dimisión de la presidenta Dina Boluarte tras varias semanas de disturbios. Tras la denuncia de un funcionario universitario en la que alegaba que los manifestantes habían intentado robar a los agentes de seguridad aparatos electrónicos, dispositivos de seguridad y otros objetos, la policía habría entrado en el campus con tanques y un helicóptero, utilizando gases lacrimógenos contra los manifestantes. Según los estudiantes, la policía los empujó y los pateó, los atacó con porras y los obligó a salir de sus dormitorios. Al parecer, la policía detuvo a más de 200 personas en el campus, a las que liberó al día siguiente.

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Scholars at Risk (SAR) is a member of the Coalition for Academic Freedom in the Americas (CAFA), and partners with CAFA on Americas-focused monitoring activities. Relevant incidents, with factual details translated into Spanish, appear on both SAR and CAFA websites.

Scholars at Risk (SAR) es una institución que integra la Coalición por la Libertad Académica en las Américas (CLAA). SAR trabaja junto con la CLAA en el monitoreo de situaciones en las Américas. Los incidentes relevantes que reportamos, con descripción de hechos detallados en español, aparecen tanto en los portales de SAR como de la CLAA.