SAR’s Academic Freedom Monitoring Project investigates and reports attacks on higher education with the aim of raising awareness, generating advocacy, and increasing protection for scholars, students, and academic communities. Learn more.

Date of Incident: October 31, 2023

Attack Types: Other

Institution(s):United Kingdom Research and Innovation

Region & Country:Europe | United Kingdom

New or Ongoing:New Incident

On October 31, 2023, United Kingdom Research and Innovation (UKRI) suspended the operation of its Equality Diversity and Inclusion Advisory Group (EDI AG) after receiving a letter from UK Secretary of State for Science, Innovation and Technology Michelle Donelan criticizing group members’ comments on the Israel-Hamas conflict. UKRI is a non-departmental public body of the UK government that oversees research funding.

The incident occurred against the backdrop of a surprise Hamas attack on Israel on October 7 that left over 1,200 Israelis and foreign nationals dead and more than 200 abducted, and the subsequent Israeli military bombardment of the Gaza Strip which, as of early December, has reportedly killed more than 15,000 Palestinians. The violence led to heightened tensions around speech across the world.

On October 28, 2023, Secretary Donelan published an open letter to UKRI chief executive Dame Ottoline Leyser, which condemned social media posts from two EDI AG members regarding the conflict between Israel and Hamas. In the letter, she expressed “disgust and outrage” that group members were “sharing some extremist views on social media.” The letter names EDI AG members Kate Sang, a professor at Heriot Watt University, and Kamna Patel, a professor at University College London. Donelan specifically noted that she was shocked by a tweet by Sang that linked to a Guardian article with the headline, ‘Suella Braverman urges police to crack down on Hamas support in UK,’ and described it as “disturbing,” and a re-tweet by Patel “that condemns violence on both sides but makes reference to Israel’s “genocide and apartheid.” Both professors’ X/Twitter accounts were made private following Donelan’s letter. In her letter, Donelan also asserted that “public bodies – especially scientific ones – cannot be seen to take political positions or promote extremist ideologies,” and accused Sang and Patel of violating the “Seven Principles of Public Life” (also known as the Nolan Principles) which all public office holders in the UK must uphold. She continued by requesting that Ottoline Leyser immediately close the group.

On October 31, UKRI published a response from Leyser to Donelan. Leyser’s letter confirmed the suspension of the EDI AG and announced an investigation into Donelan’s concerns, including “any breach of the terms of appointment” by group members – such as potential violations of the Nolan Principles – and considering “broader questions about UKRI’s procedures and processes for establishing advisory groups.”

Academics – including the UK’s University and College Union (UCU), which represents over 120,000 faculty and staff members, among them professors Kate Sang and Kamna Patel – criticized Donelan’s intervention and UKRI’s response. In an October 30 letter, the UCU accused Donelan “artificially conflat[ing]” the EDI AG members’ posts with support for Hamas and warned of a “worrying level of political interference in the running of a non-governmental organisation.” In a letter published on November 1, the UCU called UKRI “cowardly” and stated that unless UKRI reversed its decision, they would instruct all union members to withdraw from UKRI advisory positions.

Non-departmental public bodies like UKRI are independent and accountable to the public. Ministers like Donelan are responsible for ensuring the independence of the non-departmental public bodies in their portfolios.

UPDATE: On March 5, 2024, UKRI reported that their internal investigation “found no evidence in the public domain of support for a proscribed terrorist organisation or the sharing of extremist material and no grounds to remove any individual members of the Research England Expert Advisory Group on EDI.” Shortly after UKRI’s statement, Donelan released a statement withdrawing her accusations against Professor Sang. Donelan also paid Professor Sang 15,000 pounds (19,182 USD) in damages.

UPDATE: On June 3, 2024, Kamna Patel resigned as chair of the EDI AG. In a letter to UKRI executive chair Dame Jessica Corner, Patel stated that she “cannot remain as Chair and legitimate the bad decisions of Research England and UKRI,” and highlighted a lack of transparency in UKRI’s internal investigation. Patel also criticized that Research England and UKRI have “either separately or in coordinated action, have gone to great lengths to appease the Secretary of State,” and that the bodies’ “handling of the Secretary of State’s complaint and events that have followed convey no care or understanding towards external advisors.”

Scholars at Risk is concerned about the suspension of an academic group at the request of a political official in retaliation to the exercise of freedom of speech. Academic institutions must respect scholars’ exercise of such rights and refrain from disciplinary actions that punish or deter nonviolent expressive activity. Government officials must also refrain from interfering in the functioning of higher education and research institutions. Actions by state and academic institutions that limit academics’ right to free speech have a chilling effect on academic freedom and undermine democratic society generally.